LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS <p>LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS is an international open access e journal,world wide abstract listed, published every month with ISSN, Free- membership, download and access.This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p><strong>PEER REVIEWED,&nbsp;</strong><strong>REFEREED &amp; INDEXED JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Index Copernicus&nbsp;International</a>:&nbsp;</strong><strong><a href="">ICV 2011: 5.09</a>;&nbsp;</strong><strong><a href=";id_lang=3">2012: 6.42</a>;&nbsp;</strong><strong><a href=",p5368,3.htmlhttp:/">2013:15.80</a>;&nbsp;</strong><strong>2014:89.16;&nbsp;</strong><strong>2015: 78.30; 2016:91</strong></p> <p><strong><a href="">NAAS RATING OF SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS 2012 : 1.3; 2013-2014-2015:2.69</a>;&nbsp;</strong><strong><a href=";rct=j&amp;q=&amp;esrc=s&amp;source=web&amp;cd=1&amp;ved=0ahUKEwjeurq8lajRAhVELY8KHXsbDgUQFggbMAA&amp;;usg=AFQjCNF2n1AgvlR2t1Mey-2ntjzQ0hF5RA&amp;sig2=C0Qvusb2JkkEfSvgdcmmfg&amp;cad=rjahttp://">2017: 3.98</a></strong></p> <p><a href=";ei=mKshV_DTNIfT8geN0L7gCQ&amp;gws_rd=ssl#q=ACADEMIC+KEYS%2B0976-1098">ACADEMIC KEYS</a>,&nbsp;<a href=";ei=mKshV_DTNIfT8geN0L7gCQ&amp;gws_rd=ssl#q=API%2B0976-1098http://">API</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href=";view=list">BIBLIOTECA</a>,&nbsp;<strong><a href=";p=17">BIRMINGHAM PUBLIC LIBRARY - VIRTUAL LIBRARY - ELECTRONIC JOURNALS</a>,</strong>&nbsp;<a href=";ei=mKshV_DTNIfT8geN0L7gCQ&amp;gws_rd=ssl#q=0976-1098%2BBLOG+SPOT">BLOG SPOT</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href=";ei=mKshV_DTNIfT8geN0L7gCQ&amp;gws_rd=ssl#q=0976-1098%2BCANCER+TEST+COMMUNITY">CANCER TEST COMMUNITY</a>,&nbsp;<strong><a href=";rct=j&amp;q=&amp;esrc=s&amp;source=web&amp;cd=56&amp;cad=rja&amp;ved=0CE0QFjAFODI&amp;;ei=nqmFUrvrD8iIrQfD6YDoCQ&amp;usg=AFQjCNFxXgRnw1IOrS0BmIvroMEIp1VsOg&amp;sig2=ELeYaEtjafy0pSj3X8xRTQ">CHALMERS LIBRARY</a></strong>,&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong><a href="">CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY CATALOG</a>,</strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href=";ei=mKshV_DTNIfT8geN0L7gCQ&amp;gws_rd=ssl#q=DOAJ%2B0976-1098">DOAJ</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href=";ei=la4hV_GMLrDT8geCso6YCg&amp;gws_rd=ssl#q=FACEBOOK%2B0976-1098">FACEBOOK</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href=";ei=la4hV_GMLrDT8geCso6YCg&amp;gws_rd=ssl#q=0976-1098">GOOGLE</a>,&nbsp;<a href=";q=life+sciences+leaflets&amp;btnG=">GOOGLE SCHOLAR</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong><a href=";colors=7&amp;lang=en&amp;jour_id=170390">ELECTRONIC JOURNALS LIBRARY - GIGA</a></strong>,&nbsp;<strong><a href="">ELECTRONIC RESOURCES - HARLEY E.&nbsp; 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CROSSBREEDING AND ITS IMPACT ON THE STATUS OF CATTLE BREEDS IN INDIA-A REVIEW by MANJARI PANDEY <p>The “white revolution” is closely linked to the introduction of crossbreeding in India. Since its use from 1875 till now, it has first helped India to become self sufficient and then the highest milk producing country in the world. Several crossbreds were developed using the indigenous and exotic cattle breeds. As a result of crossbreeding the F1 progeny showed the hybrid vigour in terms of increased milk production, decreased calving interval, early age of sexual maturity etc but maintaining this vigor in subsequent generation s require very delicately prepared breeding program along with better infrastructure for artificial insemination. The review highlights the history of cross breeding in India along with the development of some of the important crossbreds, its consequences and future prospects</p> MANJARI PANDEY ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 2. PHYSIOCHEMICAL STUDY OF DEJLA DEVADA DAM IN KHARGONE, MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA by BHUR S. SOLANKI AND HARI S. DWIVEDI1 <p>The present study was conducted to analysis the physico-chemical parameters of Dejla Devada Dam, Khargone. For this study the water samples were collected from four sampling stations during the July to December 2017. The range of various physico-chemical parameters were observed that Turbidity (35.00 - 55.00)&nbsp; NTU, pH (7.10 - 9.25), DO (6.55 - 8.65) mg/l, BOD (3.20 - 5.95) mg/l, COD (9.10 - 11.80) mg/l, Total alkalinity (225 - 350) mg/l, Total Dissolved Solid (300 - 482) mg/l, Total salinity (220 - 286) mg/l, Total hardness (72 - 128) mg/l and Nitrate (0.104 - 0.139) mg/l during the study. It is indicating for increasing in pollution of Dejla Devada Dam, Khargone, which need control industrial waste, sewage discharge and human activities as well as agricultural activities in the water body.</p> BHUR S. SOLANKI* HARI S. DWIVEDI1 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 1. THE IMPACT OF WATER QUALITY DETERIORATION ON MACROINVERTEBRATE COMMUNITIES IN THE LAKE TANA, NORTHWESTERN ETHIOPIA-ANALYSIS USING TOLERANCE LEVEL APPROACH by SISAY MISGANAW TAMIRU <p>Lake Tana is a biodiversity reservoir and freshwater supplier that contribut significantly to the economy of Ethiopia and downstream recipient countries (Sudan and Egypt). Due to human activities, water quality and biodiversity of the lake was threatened. Some of the most significant contributors to the lake pollution include domestic sewage, agricultural inputs and outputs, industrial inputs and outputs, silt from the agricultural activity, etc in the catchement. To asses the impact of antropogenic activities of Lake Tana, macroinvertabrates were analysed in dry and wet seasons at 11 sampling sites. In the analysis, litratures indicated that the presence of more Odonata, Coleptera and Hemipteran larvae is the indication of water quality deterioration due pollution. From the collected organisms total numbers of tolerant individuals were 303 (48.2 %) and Facultative individuals were 243 (38.7 %) while intolerant individual organisms were 80 (12.7 %). Most of the taxa (48.2 %) had tolerance scores ranging from 7 to 10. In general, all the sampling stations show the degradation of water quality and thus needs for mitigation measures and management options to save Lake Tana.</p> SISAY MISGANAW TAMIRU ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 2. SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF MONOCEPHALIC THORACOPAGUS TETRABRACHIUS TETRAPUS DICAUDATUS MONSTER IN A MURRAH BUFFALO by RAVI DUTT, GYAN SINGH1, RISHIPAL YADAV, PARDEEP DANGI AND GITESH SAINI <p>A conjoint monster with single head (Monocephalic), double thoraxes joined at thoracic region (Thoracopagus), well developed four fore limbs (Tetrabrachius), four hind limbs (Tetrapus) and two separated pelvices with double&nbsp;individual tails (Dicaudatus) was delivered by caesarean section in a Murrah buffalo.</p> RAVI DUTT*, GYAN SINGH1, RISHIPAL YADAV, PARDEEP DANGI AND GITESH SAINI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0000 1. MOLECULAR IDENTIFICATION USING MTDNA (COI GENE) AND SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF A FORENSIC CALLIPHORIDAE FLY CHRYSOMYA RUFIFACIES (MACQUART 1843) by S.A. BANSODE AND V.R. MORE <p>In forensic entomology insect is used to determine a minimum post-mortem interval (PMI min). A PMI estimation is based either on species specific developmental rates or on succession patterns and species diversity on the carrion. Hence correct species identification is a very important step in forensic entomology. Unfortunately, lack of taxonomist or sufficient keys to identify the species lead to occasional errors in species identification. The eggs or larvae of many forensically important dipteran species are particularly difficult to distinguish morphologically and incorrect identification can seriously harm an investigation. To overcome the limitations of morphology-based identification, molecular identification using mtDNA (COI gene) performed by sequencing fragment of 658 bp of COI gene. This study emphasizes on identification of <em>Ch. rufifacies,</em> one of the forensically important hairy blowfly and a myiasis causing agent.Scanning electron microscopy was performed to observe distinguishing characteristics of <em>Ch. rufifacies</em> like pattern of folding in frontal field, number of anterior spiracles, posterior spiracles, number of tubercles, structure of button, spiracular hair and middle sacrum.</p> V.R. MORE S.A. BANSODE ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 1. WOOD ANATOMICAL PROPERTIES OF DALBERGIA SISSOO ROXB. by K. KARIMANISHA1, N.KRISHNAKUMAR2 AND K.T. PARTHIBAN3 <p>Experiments were carried out to identify the anatomical properties viz., Fibre morphology, vessel morphology and derived values from fibre dimensions of <em>Dalbergia sissoo </em>wood samples at different radial positions. There was an increase in anatomical traits from pith to peripheryin this species.&nbsp; There is variations in wood samples among the radial positions (pith, middle and periphery) investigated. Based on the results, <em>Dalbergia sissoo</em> is suitable for furniture making due to the strong fibre characteristics.Hence, this species may be used as furniture making as secondary timber.Hence the species could be exploited for further tree improvement programme.</p> K. KARIMANISHA1, N.KRISHNAKUMAR*2 AND K.T. PARTHIBAN3 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 2. ETHNOBOTANICAL SURVEY OF SOME SACRED GROVES OF PATAN TALUKA OF PATAN DISTRICT, GUJARAT, INDIA by H. M. PATEL AND N. K. PATEL <p>Ethno botanical study was carried out of three sacred groves located in Patan district, Gujarat. Analysis of Plant diversity available within the boundary of the three sacred groves revealed altogether. Plant have been used both in the prevention and cure of various diseases of human and their pets, with the advent of human civilization, many systems of therapy have been developed primarily based on plants. Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Siddha, Unani, etc. The present paper aimed 65 plant species belonging to 38 families documenting of sacred groves. During my research work, we observed and documented three sacred groves are detailed here, Bhaucharmata sacred grove, Sindhavimata temple sacred grove and Hajrat sultan Mohammed haji Rajab (Bawahaji) sacred grove belongs to Patan district.</p> N. K. PATEL H. M. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 1. POTENTIAL NON WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS FOR FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOOD SUPPORT IN BASTAR DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH STATE by SAJIWAN KUMAR <p>The role of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in rural livelihoods and forest conservation is widely debated. The perception of the forest as a ‘safety net’ or a ‘poverty trap’ for rural poor and the validity of the ‘conservation by commercialization’ hypothesis are currently receiving attention from research institutions, development agencies and international non-governmental organizations. The present study was carried out in the Bastar region, southern part of Chhattisgarh state. Biological diversity as well as cultural diversity of this region directly influenced the whole life of local community is famous not only in India but also overall world.&nbsp;&nbsp; Livelihood systems in this region are complex, primarily dependent on Agriculture and forest (including NWFPs, Medicinal drugs, etc.), agricultural labour and village artisans. It is more important that the problems of the people of disadvantaged regions like rainfed, hilly and tribal areas be addressed through imparting new skills to the poor and building up durable income generating assets and capacity to adapt to rapidly changing markets.</p> <p>In Bastar, the forest is a vital asset in everyday life and food security of the rural population. Recently, the market for commercial NWFPs creating income-generating opportunities for rural people has received increasing research and development attention. However, knowledge about forest, people and market relations are still limited and this is a problem for current development and conservation efforts. The study was conducted in Lohandiguda block of Bastar district, during the study; I have surveyed ten villages to fulfill the objectives of study. Study suggested alternate sources of income to the villagers to improve their socio-economic conditions as well as increasing the income level and employment opportunities by effective collection and marketing of non-timber forest product and the same time making villagers come forward for forest protection.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> SAJIWAN KUMAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. STUDY OF CHLOROPHYLL VARIATION “A” AND “B” FROM SELECTED AQUATIC PLANTS by Dr. A.J. PARMAR <p>Chlorophyll a, b, c, d, Carotene, Xanthophylls are present in all higher plants. Then chlorophyll a and b are most important for plants. Make extract of chlorophyll in 80% acetone and estimate by spectrophotometer in Optical Density. Chlorophyll a and b are measured in amount of mg/mL. Chlorophyll is estimate of hydrophytes plants in <em>Ammannia</em>&nbsp;<em>baccifera</em>&nbsp;L.<em>, Eichhornia</em>&nbsp;<em>crassipes</em>&nbsp;(Mart.) Solms<em>, Hydrilla</em>&nbsp;<em>verticillata</em>&nbsp;(L.f.)Royle<em>, Nymphaea</em>&nbsp;<em>pubescens</em>&nbsp;Willd, <em>Bacopa</em>&nbsp;<em>monnieri</em>&nbsp;(L.) Wettst. and <em>Typha</em>&nbsp;<em>angustifolia</em>&nbsp;L. The range of chlorophyll contains are 1.9826 to 6.9220 mg/mL for chlorophyll a and 2.6598 to 10.7774 mg/mL for chlorophyll b<em>. </em>Concentration of chlorophyll a and b was calculated using Arnon method. Chlorophyll content was higher in <em>Nymphaea</em>&nbsp;<em>pubescens</em>&nbsp;than other Aquatic plants.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr.A.J. PARMAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000 PLANTING TIME AND CHEMICALS RESPONSE ON FLOWERING AND CORM PRODUCTION OF GLADIOLUS (GLADIOLUS GRANDIFLORUS L.) CV. URMI by M. RAJA NAIK1, VENKATA SATISH KUCHI2 <p>The present investigation was carried out to study the effect of different planting times and chemicals on flowering and yield parameters of gladiolus cv. Urmi. The results revealed that, among multiple treatments, 3<sup>rd</sup> week of October, 2014 planting (P<sub>1</sub>) significantly increased flowering, quality and yield attributes as compared to other planting times <em>viz</em>., 3<sup>rd</sup> week of November (P<sub>2</sub> ), 3<sup>rd</sup> week of December (P<sub>3</sub> ) and 3<sup>rd</sup> week of January, 2015 (P<sub>4</sub> ). While in case of chemicals, 150 ppm GA<sub>3</sub> (C<sub>3</sub>) had significant effect on flowering, quality and yield attributes as compared to control (C<sub>0</sub>). In interaction, the treatment combination i.e. corms treated with GA<sub>3</sub> @ 150 ppm and corms planted during 3<sup>rd</sup> week of October, 2014 (P<sub>1</sub> C<sub>3</sub> ) was the best with respect to flowering and yield characters of gladiolus cv. Urmi.</p> M. RAJA NAIK1 VENKATA SATISH KUCHI2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 DOUBLING FARMER’S INCOME- ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN EGG PRODUCTION by MANJARI PANDEY <p>Poultry sector is one of the continuously and fastest growing sector in India. The growth in field of egg production is around 6%; in broiler production about 10% and the overall poultry population growth is 5%. Annual turnover from poultry section is round about Rs. 900 billion. Directly and indirectly this sector provides employment to over 6 million. The share of poultry sector in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is approximately 1% and 11.70% in the livestock GDP. According to the 19<sup>th</sup> Livestock census, 2012 total poultry population in India is 729.2 million showing an increase of 12.39% over the previous census. The share of broiler, layer, backyard poultry, duck and others in total poultry population is 38.7%, 29.4%, 29.8%, 0.68% and 1.43% respectively. Poultry sector in India can be broadly divided into two sub-sectors i.e. commercial sector (about 80% of the total market share) and backyard poultry (about 20% of the total market share). The annual per capita availability has increased from 7 eggs in 1961 to 69 eggs 2016-17 (BAH&amp;FS, 2017).&nbsp; However, the present availability levels are still far below the ICMR recommendations of 180 eggs per capita per annum.</p> MANJARI PANDEY ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. Case Report-PROSPEROUS HANDLING OF DYSTOCIA IN CHINKARA (GAZELLA BENNETTI) BY CAESAREAN SECTION by SHAHID ALI, AIJAZ ALI CHANNA AND USMAN MEHMOOD <p>Current case of Dystocia was successfully handled by caesarean section in the Chinkara. Incomplete cervical dilation was the cause of the dystocia. Handling of dystocia includes aided vaginal delivery, fetotomy and caesarean section. In existing case, successfully handled the dystocia by caesarean section. Animal was managed by anaesthesia, fluid therapy and supportive therapy during procedure.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> SHAHID ALI*, AIJAZ ALI CHANNA AND USMAN MEHMOOD ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. Article- ISOZYMES A DIAGNOSTIC BIO-MARKERS OF ANIMAL DISEASES by M. J. SANAP1 AND N. Z. GAIKWAD1 <p>Now a days, a trend is emerging to conduct certain biochemical investigations, which could reveal predisposition to specific disease processes in clinically healthy animals, particularly the canines. The clinicians can then suggest preventive measures accordingly.</p> <p>&nbsp;Therefore, Isoenzymes are at most important which can be detected and their raised concentration is helping in detecting the severity of tissue damage in animals.</p> <p>Isoenzymes are molecules that catalyse the same reaction may differ from one another in many ways, ranging from small variations in secondary structure to broad differences in amino acid sequence and molecular weight.</p> <p>Considering the significance of isoenzymes and their characteristics, many physician use these isoenzymes. These are basically protein in nature or protein catalysts, some of which enter the serum from damaged tissues. Because of their nature of catalysts, they are more easily detected than many other substances.</p> <p>Amylase released from the diseased Pancreas and phosphatase released from several tissues those have been studied for many years and have established the usefulness of serum enzyme tests. Unfortunately, many of the best studied and easily detected enzymes occur in more than one organ. Furthermore, some organs like liver and skeletal muscle containing higher concentrations of many enzymes leading to a confusion in diagnosis based on determination of enzyme activity.</p> <p>Specific enzymes and their isoenzymes are often recognized by their specific receptors on the cell surface of target tissues.&nbsp; Therefore,&nbsp; isoenzymes including Alanine aminotransferses (ALT),&nbsp; Aspartate aminotransferases (AST), Sorbitol dehydrogenase(SDH),&nbsp; Gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Amylase, Creatine kinase and Lactate dehydrogenase have been focused while diagnosing various diseases in animals.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> M. J. SANAP1 AND N. Z. GAIKWAD1 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. MATHEMATICAL INTERPRETATION OF AESTHETIC VALUE OF FLORAL STRUCTURE AND MODE OF POLLINATION IN SOME ANGIOSPERM PLANTS by SNEHA BALAKRISHNAN1, SREELAKSHMI KUTTIKOD1, SURESH KUMAR K.A.2 AND PRASANTH G. NARASIMHA-SHEN <p>The beauty of the flower can be quantified through golden ratio analysis.&nbsp; Objects with shape which is in golden ratio seem to be more attractive. Compared to anemophilous flowers, entomophilous flowers are more attractive to perform the function of inviting the pollinators.&nbsp; If length to breadth ratio of petals in a flower is very much nearer to the golden ratio, then that flower will be more attractive and vice-versa and sample survey studies have been substantiated this fact.&nbsp; It was found that the ``closeness'' of length to breadth ratio of petals to golden ratio is an indication of the range of beauty of flowers.</p> SNEHA BALAKRISHNAN1, SREELAKSHMI KUTTIKOD1, SURESH KUMAR K.A. PRASANTH G. NARASIMHA-SHENOI3 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. STUDY OF MARINE MOLLUSCS AT KOLIYAK COAST by SHUCHI BHATT1AND SRINIVASAN M2 <p>The present study is based on the diversity of molluscan at Koliyak coast. The study site is placed on the Bhavnagar coast. Mollusc plays an important role in the marine ecosystem. A intend of this study to obtain baseline data of Koliyak coast. During investigation total of six molluscs.</p> SHUCHI BHATT1*AND SRINIVASAN M2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. ETHNOMEDICINAL USES OF SOME PLANTS OF MORACEAE AND SOLANACEAE FAMILY OF MORACEAE AND SOLANACEAE FAMILY OF HAMIRPUR DISTRICT IN HIMACHAL PRADESH by SURENDRA KUMAR GODARA,NITESH KUMAR, POORNIMA KUMARI ANDSONU RAM <p>An ethanobotanical survey was carried out among the local people of Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh. A total of 16 plant species&nbsp;&nbsp; (belonging to 2 families: Solanaceae and Moraceae) of ethanomedicinal interest upon enquiry from this area informants between the ages of 45 to 75 years were reported. It is interesting to note that a single plant species finds use for treatment of a wide spectrum of health disorders in traditional and folk medicine. Employment of techniques such as cell and tissue culture would provide means of rapid propagation and conservation of the plant species and, from the point of view of phytochemistry, give scope for enhancement of the quality and quantity of the bioactive secondary metabolites occurring in plant.</p> SURENDRA KUMAR GODARA, NITESH KUMAR, POORNIMA KUMARI AND SONU RAM ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000 3. ANALYSIS OF TREND IN AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF COTTON CROP IN THREE DISTRICTS OF NORTHERN TELANGANA ZONE by A.SREENIVAS, D.SRINIVASA CHARY AND K.SUPRIYA <p>Attempts have been made to examine the trends and forecasting in area, production and productivity of Cotton crop in three districts of Northern Telangana Zone. Linear and compound growth rates were calculated for this purpose. Ten growth models were fitted to the area, production and productivity of Cotton crop and best- fitted model for future projection was chosen based upon least Residual Mean Square (RMS) and significant Adj &nbsp;Besides, the important assumption of randomness of residuals was tested using one sample run test. The reference period of study was from 1979-80 to 2012-13 and it was carried out in three districts of Northern Telangana Zone.</p> A.SREENIVAS, D.SRINIVASA CHARY AND K.SUPRIYA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. ADDITIONS TO THE PTERIDOPHYTIC FLORA OF UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE, GREAT HIMALAYAN NATIONAL PARK, KULLU, HIMACHAL PRADESH, WESTERN HIMALAYA by KAPIL KHARKWAL 1, SANTOSH NAUTIYAL1,RAJNI KANT1, KUMAR AMBRISH1 etc. <p>The present study was conducted in the UNESCO declared world heritage site, the&nbsp; Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP), Kullu, Himachal Pradesh (India), during the years 2016-2018. The surveys resulted in additions of 14 new species of Pteridophytes belonging to 11genera under 07 families. The information related to the distributional status, habitat and an altitudinal ranges are also provided.</p> KAPIL KHARKWAL 1, SANTOSH NAUTIYAL1, RAJNI KANT*1, KUMAR AMBRISH1 AND B.K. SINHA2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. STUDY OF SELECTED CAMPUS FLORA OF MANDVI TOWN OF KACHCHH DISTRICT, GUJARAT, INDIA by KACHHOT, JAY J.1, MEGHNATHI, DHRUV H.2, CHUDASAMA, NILESH N.3, NAKRANI, UDIT A.4 AND MEHTA, P.K.5 <p>Floral diversity is one of the most popular terms in conservation of biodiversity. Documentation of floral status of an existing area is very important in terms of future conservation plan. Now a day, urban ecology becomes the umbrella term which includes flora and fauna of cities, villages, public domestic, botanical gardens, unused agricultural land, road side areas, campus of Government offices, schools, colleges and Institutes. These urban ecosystems have great importance as they support multiple ecosystems. The present piece of work deals with campus flora of two ITI institutes and one Government office viz. Government Science College, ITI institute and magistrate office. The selected study covers approximately 14 acre area of land. Total 71 plant species of 66 genera belonging to 39 families have been recorded from the selected study area. All the collected plant species documented and arranged systematically. The present study provides the floristic status of selected study area which can be useful in the future of cultivation and conservation of urban ecosystem of the area.</p> KACHHOT, JAY J.1, MEGHNATHI, DHRUV H.2, CHUDASAMA, NILESH N.3, NAKRANI, UDIT A.4 MEHTA, P.K.5 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. SACRED GROVES -CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY THROUGH TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE- A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED AREAS OF MANDVI TEHSIL OF KACHCHH DISTRICT, GUJARAT by GADHAVI, CHETAN D.1 AND MEHTA, P.K.2 <p>Biodiversity is an umbrella term uses for all living organism on this planet. It includes different animals and plants, birds and microorganism, their gens, their habitats and the entire ecosystem. In today’s era over increasing population, uses of no-renewable energy sources and various kinds’ pollution have harmed the nature well. Furthermore habitat alteration, over exploitation, introduction of exotic species has also threaded the global biologically resources. Sacred groves are the fine example of in-situ conservation of biodiversity. The sacred grove are tracts of virgin forest with rich biodiversity, which have been protected by local people for the centuries for their culture and religious belief and taboos that the deities resides in them and protected the villagers from different calamities.&nbsp; Sacred grove acts as an ideal center for biodiversity conservation. Various plants and animals that are threatened in the forest are still well conserved in some of sacred patches. It has been found that some several medicinal plants and are not to be observed in forest are abundant in sacred groves. Due to our religious value, mythological value and taboo play a significant role in promoting sustainable utilization and conservation of flora and fauna of the region. This present Paper deals with the information of sacred groves and total 14 sacred groves were recorded from various location of Mandvi tehsil of Kachchhh district, India.</p> GADHAVI, CHETAN D.1 AND MEHTA, P.K.2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 3. FLORA OF CHHINDWARA DISTRICT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ETHNOBOTANY by UMESH KUMAR DHURWE1 AND RAJESH KUMAR DIWAN2 <p>This paper deals with the various wild and cultivated plants play a key role among tribal cultures in primary health care and this relationship has been continuing from one generation to another since last several centuries. The herbal healers of these region use plant/plant parts of their suitable preparation for treating various ailment. Information collected from traditional tribal healers, medicine men etc has revealed that plant/plant parts of 36 species from Chhindwara district of forest origin are utilized as, powder, juice, decoction and paste for the treatment of various diseases of local people of the area. Medicinal plants are often, the only accessible health care alternative for most of the population and traditional medicines are integral part of tribal health care.</p> UMESH KUMAR DHURWE1 AND RAJESH KUMAR DIWAN2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 4. PHYTOSOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF KESHKAL VALLEY, KONDAGAON DISTRICT IN CHHATTISGARH by SAJIWAN KUMAR <p>The species composition, abundance, density and frequency were studied in tropical dry deciduous forests of Keshkal Valley of Kondagaon district of Bastar division of Chhattisgarh state.&nbsp; The district Kondagaon is marked with hills and hillocks, dense forested areas, high altitude, hot summer, metamorphic calcareous rocks and tropical dry deciduous monsoon vegetation. Phytosociological analysis was based on the data generated&nbsp;from the sample plots laid at random covering with entire valley area. &nbsp;Quadrates of 10m× 10m size for trees and 1m ×1m for shrubs were laid down in the total area of 487.674 km<sup>2</sup>. Total of 401 species were enumerated from the sampled quadrates.&nbsp;The species present as per preponderance are trees 221, herbs and shrubs 180. These statistics gives composition of the forest, and&nbsp;information on the diversity of the communities as a whole provided a better insight into the state of the forests in the Keshkal Valley. Phytosociological characters such as frequency, density and abundance were influenced by the climatic, anthropogenic and biotic stresses prevailing at the study sites. All the species present at the study sites have shown maximum values of frequency, density and abundance in rainy season in comparison of summer and winter seasons.</p> SAJIWAN KUMAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 5. POTENCIAL USE OF AJWAIN AS HERBAL PREPRATION IN POULTRY FEED by ANURAG1 AND SARITA KUMARI 2 <p>India ranks 3<sup>rd</sup> in the world production of eggs and 5<sup>th</sup> in the production of chicken. The poultry sector provides livelihood to nearly one lakh farmers, directly and employment to about 1.5 million persons indirectly and contributes Rs. 7,500 crores to the national income (Anonymous, 2014). The poultry sector is one of the rare examples of socio-economic development, which attained its present advanced stage without much international aid and investments from the Five-Year-Plans. Poultry farming has become a remunerative business and pre-eminence over all other livestock enterprises in the developing countries.</p> ANURAG1* AND SARITA KUMARI 2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 28 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. ASSESMENT OF BUTTERFLY (LEPIDOPTERA - PAPILIONOIDEA) DIVERSITY OF MANAK SIDH AND SURROUNDING AREA, DEHRADUN, UTTARAKHAND, INDIA by NEHA NEGI 1 AND NARENDER SHARMA2 <p>This study was conducted on the butterfly fauna of Manak Sidh area of Dehradun, Uttrakhand, India. In this present study, a total of 46 butterfly species under 36 genera were recorded from the area for the first time, which belong to five families <em>i.e.</em>, Nymphalidae, Pieridae, Papilionidae, Lycaenidae and Hesperiidae. The most diverse family in the study area was Nymphalidae having 28 species (61%), followed by Lycaenidae 8 species (17%), Pieridae 6 species (13%), Papilionidae 3 species (7%) and Hesperiidae 1 species (2%). A total of 20 nectar plant species were observed during the study on which most of the butterflies were feeding. The most plant preferred nectar resources were <em>Lantana camara </em>and <em>Mangifera indica </em>on which almost 16 butterfly species were observed feeding.</p> NEHA NEGI 1 AND NARENDER SHARMA2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC CERVICO-VAGINAL PROLAPSE IN RATHI CATTLE by SWATI RUHIL, HARPREET SINGH, SANDEEP POTLIYA, ANKIT KUMAR AND RANBIR SINGH BISLA <p>The successful surgical resection of prolapsed mass in a chronic case of cervico- vaginal prolapse, unresponsive to conventional treatment in a Rathi cow was recorded here.</p> WATI RUHIL*, HARPREET SINGH, SANDEEP POTLIYA, ANKIT KUMAR AND RANBIR SINGH BISLA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0000 3. STATUS OF FLORISTIC WEALTH OF SELECTED STUDY SITES OF MANDVI TEHSIL OF KACHCHH DISTRICT, GUJARAT STATE, INDIA by MALSATAR ALPESH1 AND MEHTA, P.K.2 <p>Variation is the law of nature, it occurs everywhere and every movement. The variations take place at micro level and small period of time, but these become apparent only over a large space and big-time gapes. Biological variation initiates at micro level and become apparent at species and ecosystem level. Biodiversity is the degree of variation of life. It is a measure of the variety of organism present in different ecosystem. The floristic inventory and diversity assessment are necessary to understand the present diversity status of conservation of biodiversity. A study was conducted to document the floral diversity of Mandvi forest range of Kachchh district, Gujarat state, India. The survey was made using Radom sampling method to analyze the floral diversity of selected study area. Total 145 species of 117 genera belonging to 51 families were recorded from selected study area. Out of 145 species, 53 plant species were belonging to tree, 32 species belonging to shrubs while 46 plant species and 14 plant species belonging to herbs and climbers respectively. The present study provides the status of floristic wealth of the selected study area.</p> MALSATAR ALPESH1 AND MEHTA, P.K.2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0000 4. BUTTERFLY (INSECTA- LEPIDOPTERA- RHOPALOCERA) DIVERSITY OF COMBINED CAMPUS OF ZOOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA, BOTANICAL SURVEY OF INDIA AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA, DEHRADUN, UTTARAKHAND, INDIA by SHIVANI SHA <p>The present study was carried out on the diversity of butterflies in the combined campus of&nbsp; Zoological Survey of India, Botanical Survey of India and Anthropological Survey of India, Dehradun, Uttarakhand. The butterflies were observed in the field from November 2018 to March 2019. Total 67 species of 46 genera under five families i.e., Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae, Lycaenidae, and Hesperiidae were recorded. The maximum diversity of species was found in the family Nymphalidae (31species), followed by Lycaenidae (13 species), Pieridae (11 species), Papilionidae (8 species), and Hesperiidae (4 species). Analysis of the relative abundance revealed that of these 67 species, 28 species were common (42%), 23 less common (23%), and remaining 16 species uncommon (24%).</p> SHIVANI SHARMA1 NARENDER SHARMA2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Jun 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. STUDY ON THE CONSUMER PERCEPTION AND PRACTICE ON POLYTHENE BAGS IN JAGDALPUR CITY AT BASTAR IN CHHATTISGARH by SAJIWAN KUMAR <p>The usage of plastic bag has causes both convenience and inconvenience in our daily lives. It causes environmental hazards as most plastic bags are not bio-degradable. Hygiene and wastage issue are also being alarmed as plastic bag can be seen littered all across the town. Usage of plastic bag for hot edible items not only causes such inconveniences but it may also cause health hazards of the consumer. Plastic bag is commonly used to pack hot edible items in hawker stall, food court and coffee shop in Jagdalpur. The danger arises when wrong type of plastic is being used as chemical migration between plastic and food can be maximized by temperature and content, as there is direct contact between the hot edible items and the plastic itself. According to green marketing concept, stakeholders such as the consumer play a pivotal role in the environmental and health consciousness. Business owner will have to align with consumer’s opinion on green issue so that their business will not be affected. Therefore, this study is being conducted in order to understand the consumer perception and practice in Jagdalpur based on this issue. Factors influencing the perception and practice will also be identified so that recommendation can be made to raise public awareness and minimize the usage of plastic bag ultimately.</p> SAJIWAN KUMAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 May 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. EFFECT OF BIO-INOCULANTS ON PLANT HEIGHT OF ACACIA NILOTICA SEEDLINGS by SHAYAMA PARVEEN, ARVIND KUMAR TRIPATHI, ASHISH KUMAR PUDIR AND BHUPESH KUMAR MISHRA <p>Long-term sustainability in agroforestry is possible only through the use of low cost farm grown inputs with minimum use of synthetic fertilizers, which work in harmony with nature. This study is a holistic approach of sustainable utilization of bio- resources for raising <em>Acacia nilotica. </em>It is inferred that under appropriate technology, the use of efficient microbial inoculants helps to produce the quality seedlings. The present study clearly shows that the application of bioinoculants such as nitrogen fixing bacteria Azospirillum, phosphate solubilising bacteria and nutrient mobilizing microorganisms of VAM fungi plays a significant role in increasing the growth response of <em>Acacia nilotica </em>seedlings in a stipulated period, thereby producing good quality planting stock, thus helping the nurseries in increased &amp; good quality planting stock production of Acacia <em>nilotica</em>.</p> SHAYAMA PARVEEN*, ARVIND KUMAR TRIPATHI ASHISH KUMAR PUDIR AND BHUPESH KUMAR MISHRA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 May 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. FLORISTIC STUDY OF N.G.E.S. CAMPUS IN PATAN (NORTH GUJARAT) by SNEHAL PATEL, LAXMI PRAJAPATI, LALITA SUTHAR, NAYANA CHAUDHARYAND DARSHANA JOSHI <p>The Patan is historical place. It has so many historical importances. It is situated in the northern Gujarat region of Gujarat state. Here studied angiosperm plants of N.G.E.S (North Gujarat Education Society) campus areas and found 125 angiosperm plant species. A survey has been conducted in all areas of N.G.E.S campus, Patan. &nbsp;During the study we located and identified species from the N.G.E.S. campus areas with help of flora.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Patan, Angiosperm plants, N.G.E.S. campus.</em></p> SNEHAL PATEL, LAXMI PRAJAPATI, LALITA SUTHAR, NAYANA CHAUDHARY DARSHANA JOSHI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. ISOLATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF PROBIOTIC BACTERIA FROM FRUITS AND VEGETABLES by PRIYANKA GAJJAR, PRIYANKA PATEL, ZALAK RATHOD AND BALDEV PATEL <p>The purpose of the study was to isolate, characterize and identify probiotic bacteria from fruit and vegetable samples. A total of seven fruits namely grapes, pomegranate, kiwi, guava, amla, plum, tomato and four vegetables namely cucumber, cauliflower, capsicum and cabbage samples were collected from the local market of Mehsana district, Gujarat, India. The extracts were prepared and plated on De Man, Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) agar plate, Nutrient agar plate, Glucose Yeast Extract (GYE) agar plate, Hi chrome Bacillus Agar plate, and Luria Bartein (LB) agar plate. Based on morphological properties, forty two bacterial isolates were selected and screened. Five bacterial isolates selected were further evaluated for physiological and biochemical characterization. The isolates showed good potential to survive at pH 2.0 and pH 7.0 and were resistant to bile salt (0.3%). The isolates were able to produce exo polysaccharide (EPS) on 5 per cent sucrose containing medium and able to tolerate NaCl concentration between 5 to 30 per cent. These selected isolates did not show haemolytic and gelatinase activity and hence considered to be safe.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Probiotic, Bile salt, Exo-Polysaccharide, Haemolytic activity, Geatinase activity.</em></p> PRIYANKA GAJJAR*, PRIYANKA PATEL, ZALAK RATHOD AND BALDEV PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 3. EVALUATING SPECIFIC ICE MELTING RATE (K) OF INDIGENOUSLY DEVELOPED FISH VENDING AND DISPLAY UNIT AND QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF ICED INDIAN MACKEREL (RASTRELLIGER KANAGURTA, CUVIER, 1816) STORED IN THE UNIT by AMITHA, <p>The aim of this study was to evaluate the specific ice melting rate (k) and influence of icing on quality changes of Indian mackerel (<em>Rastrelliger kanagurta</em>) stored in the indigenously developed fish vending and display unit. The unit had a capacity of 224 L and dimension was 86× 45 × 58 cm (L×B×H). This unit was made out of food grade stainless steel (SS) that is inner SS 304 and outer SS 202. The insulating material used was polyurethane foam with a thickness of 1.5 inches. The insulating capacity of the unit was tested in the shade for a period of 7 days by loading crushed ice. Specific ice melting rate (K) was estimated with a regular intervals of 2 h with an average temperature of 24.5 °C. The K was observed to be 1.15 kg/h on initial day and 0.66 kg/h on the final day, indicating the rate of ice melting was 20 % per day. The influence of ice storage on mackerel was evaluated for 14 days. The ice and fishes were arranged in the unit with a ratio of 1:1 (ice: fish). Quality parameters like pH, Total Volatile Base Nitrogen (TVB-N), Trimethylamine Nitrogen (TMA-N), Peroxide value (PV), Thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), Free fatty acid (FFA) and Total plate count (TPC) increased significantly and Alpha amino nitrogen (AAN) was decreased during the storage period (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.05). The sensory scores for overall acceptability were found to be decreased significantly. This study showed that, the fish vending and display unit is effective in extending the keeping quality of fish up to 12 days in iced condition and can be recommended for marketing of fresh fish over existing counterparts in the market.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Specific ice melting rate (K) · Fish vending and display unit · Indian mackerel · Quality assessment · Ice storage.</em></p> AMITHA, C.V. RAJU, JAG PAL AND I.P. LAKSHMISHA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 4. STUDY OF FLORA OF SARVA VILAGE, PATAN (NORTH GUJARAT) by PRIYANKA CHAUDHARI, SHIVANI FANEJA,TEJASVI GAMIT, SEJAL TARAL, RINKU MAKAWANA AND SHREYA MAHESHVARI <p>The Patan is historical place. Sarva village has mahakali temple. It has so many historical importance. It is situated in the northern Gujarat region of Gujarat state. Here studied angiosperm plants of Sarva village and tank areas and found 76 angiosperm plant species. A survey has been conducted in all areas of Sarva village and tank, Patan, to collect the information about angiosperm plants. During the study I located and identified species from the Sarva village and tank.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Sarva village and tank , Angiosperm, Patan.</em></p> PRIYANKA CHAUDHARI, SHIVANI FANEJA, TEJASVI GAMIT, SEJAL TARAL, RINKU MAKAWA AND SHREYA MAHESHVARI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 5.MOLLUSCICIDAL ACTIVITY OF SELECTED NEPALESE PLANTS AND MUSHROOM USED IN FOLK MEDICINE by DEEGENDRA KHADKA AND SHANDESH BHATTARAI <p>Farmers residing in the Eastern and Mid-hill region of Nepal are confronting with snails infestation. Annually, Snails have been damaging remarkable amount of several important crops in Nepal. Although numerous synthetic molluscicides are available in the global market but Nepalese farmers are unable to buy, use and handle such molluscicides due to its high price and poor safety and precaution knowledge. It has been proved that organic molluscicides are eco-friendly, cheap and easy to handle. In this study, a total of seven extracts were prepared from medicinal and poisonous plants and mushroom namely <em>Kalanchoe pinnata</em>, <em>Urtica dioica</em>, <em>Ageratum conyzoides</em>, <em>Polygonum flaccidum</em>, <em>Argemone mexicane</em>, <em>Clerodendron fortunatum</em> and <em>Scleroderma citrinum</em>, and were tested against three snails species (<em>Achatina fulica</em>, <em>Bensonies nepalensis</em> and <em>Cyclophorous </em>spp.). Among seven extracts tested, extract from <em>U. dioica</em> and <em>P. flaccidum </em>showed promising result at 500 ppm concentration.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Bio-control, Mollusk, Organic, Polygonum flaccidum, Toxicity, Urtica dioica.</em></p> DEEGENDRA KHADKA* AND SHANDESH BHATTARAI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. OBSERVATION ON AQUATIC AND WETLAND PLANT DIVERSITY IN RUPPUR LAKE, PATAN DISTRICT, GUJARAT by BALDEV PANCHAL, NENSI PATEL, ASHWINI PATEL, SWATI PATEL, GAYATRI JOSHI AND KRISHANA DESAI <p>With an aim to make an inventory of aquatic and wetland plant diversity, field explorations were undertaken during August to February-2019 in Ruppur Lake, district Patan, Gujarat, India. The climate of the district is arid and semi-arid, with tropical dry deciduous and thorny forests. This floristic survey conducted for the first time in the study area showed the wealth of aquatic and wetland flora of the region under study. A total of 4 species in 4 genera and 3 angiosperm families were recorded for the first time during present survey conducted in the area under study. Of the total recorded species Dicotyledones consisted of 25% whereas, Monocotyledones of 75%. From the present stud, it can be concluded that the study area contains a significant proportion of varied aquatic and wetland plant species.</p> BALDEV PANCHAL, NENSI PATEL, ASHWINI PATEL, SWATI PATEL, GAYATRI JOSHI AND KRISHANA DESAI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. STUDY OF ANGIOSPERMS FROM HANSAPUR CHOKDI TO MANDOTRY ROAD SIDE, PATAN by SNEHAL THAKOR, CHETANA LELAUCHA, PAYAL DESAI, DIPAL DESAI, SUNITA DESAI AND DHARATI JOSHI <p>The Patan is historical place.&nbsp; It has so many historical importance.&nbsp; It is situated in the northern Gujarat region of Gujarat state.&nbsp; Here studied angiosperm plants from Hansapur Chokdi to Mandotry village. Recorded total 59 angiosperm plant species.&nbsp; During the study we located and identified species from the Hansapur Chokdi to Mandotry village.</p> SNEHAL THAKOR, CHETANA LELAUCHA, PAYAL DESAI, DIPAL DESAI, SUNITA DESAI AND DHARATI JOSHI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0000 3. CHALLENGES IN PUBLIC FITNESS IN INDIA - AN OVERVIEW by ALBHA TIWARI <p>The Public Fitness includes the epidemiological change, demographical and environmental changes and social determinant of fitness. There is an urgent need for stimulating health care for full filling challenges. The task of private and government in manipulating population fitness is not limited within health sector and other sectors outside the health systems. This paper is a literature review of the accessible private and government system for public health needs in India, its accomplishment, restrictions and future reach. Health coordination intensification, human reserve development and capacity building and instruction in public health are important areas in the health sector. Involvement to health of a population also derive from social determinants of health like living conditions, nutrition, pure drinking water, hygiene, education, early child development and social security events. Population stabilization, masculinity mainstreaming, empowerment, tumbling the bang of climate change and disasters on health, improving community participation and ascendancy issues are important areas for exploitation.</p> ALBHA TIWARI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. STUDIES ON SOME ECONOMICAL AND MEDICINAL PLANTS USED BY TRIBES IN DISTRICT HOSHANGABAD OF MADHYA PRADESH by MAHENDRA SINGH CHOUDHARY AND UMESH KUMAR DHURWE <p>The present paper deals with the traditional knowledge of tribes of District Hoshangabad of Madhya Pradesh, India regarding the use of plants for the household property and treatment of various diseases prevalent in the tribal pockets. The tribes of these region use plant of their suitable preparation for treating various ailment and for the other household uses. Information collected from tribes has revealed that plants of several species are utilized as paste, powder, juice, decoction and extract for the treatment of various diseases of local people of the area. The knowledge of plants used by tribes would be immense help to replace synthetic drugs and to utilize plants for the household.</p> MAHENDRA SINGH CHOUDHARY AND UMESH KUMAR DHURWE ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. DIVERSITY OF SEA SNAKES ALONG THE SAURASHTRA COAST, GUJARAT, INDIA by J.C. DABHI, PARESH PORIYA AND I. R. GADHVI <p>The present study reports the diversity of sea snakes along the Saurashtra coast. Seven species of sea snakes belonging to sub-family <em>Hydrophiinae </em>and three from family <em>Acrochordidae</em> and <em>Colubridae</em> were reported. The detailed taxonomic identification of reported species with synonyms, diagnostic characters and distribution is given here.</p> J.C. DABHI*, PARESH PORIYA** AND I. R. GADHVI* ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000 3. ADDITION CONTRIBUTION TO THE FLORA OF PATAN DISTRICT by SNEHAL R. THAKOR, ARJUN K. THAKOR, PRUTHVIRAJ T. PARMAR, MITESH S. KHARADI, PIYUSH V. JOSHI AND HIMANSHU D. PANDYA <p>The paper deals with native species of Angiosperm belonging to Ebenaceae family is reported as an addition to the flora of Patan district. The paper also envisages ephemeral citation, detailed description of flowering and fruiting time notes along with photographs is also provided. <em>Diospyros</em> is a genus of approximately 700 species (eflora of India).Commonly called Bombay ebony and it is very rare. The Patan is historical place. It has so many historical importance. It is situated in the northern Gujarat region of Gujarat state. Earlier recorded 396 angiosperm plant species from Patan district (N.K. Patel and A.J. Parmar, 2011). A survey has been conducted in all areas of Patan district to collect the information about angiospermic plants. During the study, we located and identified new species of <em>Diospyros montana </em>Roxb. from Patan.</p> SNEHAL R. THAKOR, ARJUN K. THAKOR, PRUTHVIRAJ T. PARMAR, MITESH S. KHARADI, PIYUSH V. JOSHI AND HIMANSHU D. PANDYA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1.A REPORT ON CLINICAL IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & OCCUPATION ASSOCIATED WITH ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION by PANDEY A.K <p>Myocardial infarction is commonly associated with occupations involving less physical activity an inverse relationship exists between physical activities and incidence of cad. The incidence of myocardial infarction was three times more in sedently than in physical active persons. The indicated that men in physical active jobs have lower incidence of coronary heart disease and less severe disease than men whose work requires less physical activity.</p> <p>In the present study, 67.5% patient were having sedentary activity and not doing any active exercise while 32.5% case was having exercise. Thus sedentary activity, as well as businessman, a government servant (Clerk, Teacher), were carrying a high risk of CHD.</p> PANDEY A.K ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000 2. CATEGORIES, CAUSES AND CONTROL OF WATER POLLUTION-A REVIEW by HIREN B. SONI <p>Water pollution&nbsp;is the contamination of&nbsp;water&nbsp;bodies. This form of&nbsp;environmental degradation&nbsp;occurs when&nbsp;pollutants&nbsp;are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate&nbsp;treatment&nbsp;to remove harmful compounds. Water pollution affects the entire biosphere&nbsp;of plants and organisms living in these&nbsp;water bodies, as well as organisms and plants that might be exposed to the water. In almost all cases, the effect is damaging not only to individual&nbsp;species&nbsp;and populations, but also to the natural&nbsp;biological communities.</p> HIREN B. SONI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000 3. CUSTOMER SATISFACTION SURVEY OF PEST TERMINATORS FOR PEST CONTROL by ANAY V. NAIK1, PROF. VINOD MOHITE2 AND DR. RAKESH KAWALE3 <p>In this world of competition any organization cannot avoid Customers. It has become a necessity for its survival in any industry so that customer satisfaction plays important role in each product life cycle. Customer satisfaction survey for “Pest Terminators” is the project conducted for Pest terminators. Today companies are facing toughest competition ever. The intense competition makes the companies to take the necessary steps. To retain their existing customer as well as attract new once. In the Environment of advancement of the technology the companies are trying hard to keep the pace with latest development. This survey will help the company to know the customer’s satisfaction level and feedback of customers at the product in Mumbai-Pune. It will also help company to know about the competitors. This will help company to know about wants and expectations of customers. The company can also know if there are any problems faced by the customer’s and that region. This survey has conducted a geographical area in Mumbai-Pune.</p> ANAY V. NAIK1, PROF. VINOD MOHITE2 DR. RAKESH KAWALE3 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000 4. SATISFACTION LEVEL OF CUSTOMERS TOWARDS PEST CONTROL INDUSTRY by ANAY V. NAIK <p>The global pest control market was valued at $16,883 million in 2017 and is expected to reach $24,397 million by 2024, Changes in climatic conditions favor the development of pest, which causes a threat to human health.</p> <p>Pest control industry in India is growing at more than 15 % per annum. The pest control industry and professionals in the country have key role to play to minimize impact on environment as well as help government in public health management by controlling various disease spread by pests including malaria and dengue.</p> ANAY V. NAIK ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000 1. A NEW SPECIES OF GERANIUM L.(GERANIACEAE)FROM MOUNT ABU, RAJASTHAN, INDIA by LANCELOT D’CRUZ, SANTOSH YADAV AND RASHMI YADAV <p>A field excursion in the Aravalli hill region of Mount Abu, Rajasthan has revealed the occurrence of an interesting species of <em>Geranium </em>L. which after detailed study has been recorded as a new species for Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India. A detailed description, photograph and illustration is provided to facilitate its identification.</p> LANCELOT D’CRUZ*, SANTOSH YADAV** AND RASHMI YADAV*** ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. EFFICACY OF FUNGICIDES AGAINST RHIZOCTONIA SOLANI CAUSING BLACK SCURF OF POTATO by SANJAY KUMAR GOSWAMI1, SAKET KUMAR2, VINEETA SINGH3 AND THIND TS4 <p>Black scurf is one of the important diseases of potato caused by <em>Rhizoctonia solani</em> AG3. The efficacy of Monceren 250 SC (pencycuron), Amistar 25 SC (azoxystrobin), Luster 37.5% SE (carbendazim 25%+flusilazole 12.5%), UPF-106, Hexadhan 5 EC (hexaconazole), Score 25EC (difenoconazole), Tilt 25 EC (propiconazole), Boric acid, Indofil M-45 (mancozeb 75WP), Emisan-6 and<sub>&nbsp; </sub>Quental 50WP (iprodion25%+carbendazim25%)&nbsp; was tested against black scurf of potato. Monceren 250 SC and Amistar 25 SC fungicides control the disease completely. Luster 37.5% SE, UPF-106 and Quental 50WP treated plots produced 4.8, 4.0 and 4.4% disease severity respectively as compared to 17.7 % in control.&nbsp; While, Boric acid, Indofil M-45, Emisan-6, Tilt 25EC, Score 25 EC and Hexadhan 5 EC treated plots produced disease severity in the range of 1.0 to 6.2%.</p> SANJAY KUMAR GOSWAMI1, SAKET KUMAR2, VINEETA SINGH3 AND THIND TS4 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. ENDOSCOPIC ASSISTED RETRIEVAL OF SEWING NEEDLE IN A DOG by SANDEEP SAHARAN1, RAM NIWAS2, RIBU VARGHESE MATHEW2 AND VISHAL KHOKHAR2 <p>Foreign body ingestion is a common complaint among the pet owners. This is because of their indiscriminate feeding habit and playful behaviour. A two-year-old male dog was brought to Veterinary Clinical Complex with the signs of retching, pawing at mouth, hypersalivation and restlessness having the history of ingestion of a sewing needle few hours before presentation. Radiographic examination revealed the presence of the foreign object in the pharyngeal region. Under general anaesthesia, endoscopic assisted retrieval of the sewing needle was performed.</p> SANDEEP SAHARAN1, RAM NIWAS2, RIBU VARGHESE MATHEW2* AND VISHAL KHOKHA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 4. SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF FETAL MACERATION THROUGH LEFT FLANK CAESAREAN SECTION IN A HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN COW by GYAN SINGH, RAVI DUTT1, JASMER DALAL1, S PATIL1 AND V.K. JAIN <p>A five years aged Holstein Friesian cow (OPD No. 5824, Dated: 5.12.2017) was brought to the Veterinary Clinical Complex of LUVAS with the history of seven months pregnancy and cervico-vaginal mucopurulent discharge for last 10 says. Per-rectal examination revealed enlarged uterus with doughy consistency. Per-vaginal examination revealed 3 fingers dilated cervix. Trans-rectal real time B – mode ultrasonography revealed hyperechoic impressions of bony parts of the fetus. Parenteral treatment with Valethamate bromide, Estradiol benzoate, PGF<sub>2α</sub>, and Calcium boro-gluconate failed to dilate the cervix after 24 hours of treatment and finally laparohysterotomy from left flank region was carried out to deliver the macerated fetus.</p> GYAN SINGH*, RAVI DUTT1, JASMER DALAL1, S PATIL1 AND V.K. JAIN ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 103-365.EFFECTOFABIOTICFACTORSONPOPULATIONFLUCTUATIONOFMELONFLYBactroceracucurbitaeCoquillettByF.K.CHAUDHARYANDG.M.PATEL <p>Population of male melon fly fluctuated throughout the year with peak population during July –<br>September and February – March. During the hot (May) and cold (January) months of the year, its<br>population was quite low. Correlation coefficient values indicated that all the weather parameters<br>(except sunshine hours) showed positive influence having very profound effect in the<br>multiplication and outbreak of the melon fly during different months of the year whereas,<br>sunshine hours has detrimental effect on population build up male melon fly.</p> F. K. CHAUDHARY AND G. M. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 105-377.ENHANCEDGROWTHOFVIGNAACONITIFOLIAMEDIATEDBYPSEUDOMONASSPP.ANEFFICIENTPHOSPHATESOLUBILIZERByA.P.PATHAKAMITKULKARNIA.G.SARDARANDS.MOHANKARUPPAYIL <p>Fifteen phosphate solubilising bacteria (PSB) were isolated from rhizosphere of various crop<br>plants. Efficiency of phosphate solubilisation was determined to select most efficient phosphate<br>solubiliser amongst these isolates. Highest phosphate solubilisation was observed by isolate PSB1<br>and PSB2. Morphological and biochemical characterisation of isolates was carried out and both<br>were identified as Pseudomonas spp1. Effect of PSB 1 was determined on percent seed<br>germination, development of radical, plumule and foliage growth of Vigna aconitifolia. 20 % rise<br>in seed germination and three fold enhancements in overall growth were observed in Vigna<br>aconitifolia plants, treated with our inoculum.<br>KEY WORDS: PSB, Vigna aconitifolia, PGPR, Bioinoculum.</p> A.P. PATHAK , AMIT KULKARNI A.G. SARDAR AND S. MOHAN KARUPPAYIL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1. AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF CROP PRODUCTION IN DRYLAND AGRICULTURE OF ANDHRA PRADESH by K. SUSEELA1 AND M. CHANDRASEKARAN2 <p>The study examined the profitability of dryland crops of Andhra Pradesh. The results of the Analysis of relative profitability of the seven crops raised by the sample farmers in the three dryland agricultural districts would ultimately reveal that bengal gram and cotton were relatively more profitable crops in spite of having relatively higher costs of cultivation with the exception of tobacco across districts. Prakasam district performed relatively better in terms of yield and returns of the crops grown compared to other districts. Ananthapur showed the least performance in terms of yield and returns of the crops grown in relation to other districts.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Andhra Pradesh, CACP Approach, Dryland, Major crops, Profitability.</em></p> K. SUSEELA1* M. CHANDRASEKARAN2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. DIVERSITY AND STATUS OF TERRESTRIAL AVIFAUNA IN JAMWA RAMGARH WILDLIFE SANCTUARY, RAJASTHAN, INDIA by DEVENDRA KUMAR BHARDWAJ <p>This paper describes the Diversity and status of terrestrial avifauna in Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India, from 2009 to March&nbsp; 2012. During the study period 162 species of terrestrial birds belonging to 53 families and 14 orders were recorded. Muscicapidae was the most dominant family with 17 species, and its relative diversity index was also found to be the highest (relative diversity index = 10.4938). According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Two species of vultures, namely, White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis (Critically Endangered), Egyptian Vulture <em>Neophron percnopterus</em> ( Endangered) reported from the Sanctuary . Painted Spurfowl (<em>Galloperdix lunulata</em>), Rock Bush Quail (<em>Perdicula argoondah</em>), Rufous-tailed Lark (<em>Ammomanes phoenicura</em>) and White-naped Tit (<em>Machlolophus nuchalis</em>) are four species endemic to sanctuary has been found. Thus, the Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary supports a sound avifaunal diversity. Its proper management will not only improve the situation for its resident species, but will also attract more migratory and vagrant species. Thus the study provides a comprehensive account of the terrestrial birds observed in and around the Jamwa Ramgarh&nbsp; Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Terrestrial birds, diversity, endemic.</em></p> DEVENDRA KUMAR BHARDWAJ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT IN PERSPECTIVE OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR - AN OVERVIEW by SIMRAN SINGH1, DIBYENDU CHAKRABORTY2,HARSHIT VERMA3 AND NAZAM KHAN4 <p>Livestock plays a vital role in the agricultural sector in developing nations. The inquisition on climate change and its implications is the focus of much scientific interest as it poses alarming threats to the development of livestock arena. Climate is a critical factor for production and reproduction in farm animals. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presages that by the 2100 the increase in global temperature may be between 1.8˚C and 4.0˚C. With increases of 1.5˚C to 2.5˚C, approximately 20 to 30 % of plant and animal species are exposed to the risk of extinction with dire outcomes for food security. The development of an action plan by different disciplines in coorporation is crucial considering the increasing food demand of the human population as well as can provide an adequate response to the challenges of climate change.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Livestock, Climate change, Production, Reproduction, Food demand.</em></p> DIBYENDU CHAKRABORTY2* ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. IN SILICO STUDY TOWARDS UNDERSTANDING THE STABILITY AND REACTIVITY OF JASMONIC ACID AND METHYL JASMONATE STEREOISOMERS FOR PLANT DEFENSE PROCESS by RUMA GANGULY AND SAILESH K. MEHTA <p>The stereoisomers of Jasmonic acid and its derivative Methyl Jasmonate are known in the literature. The reactivity of these compounds varies with the substitutions at their chiral centers. Reports on the stability of such stereoisomers and their reactivity are scarce in the literature. We report the stability of the isomers of Jasmonic acid and its derivative Methyl Jasmonate computationally using Semi-empirical and DFT methods. The computed results suggest that there is predominance of trans- isomer in terms of energy and stability in unsubstituted Jasmonic acid and trans-isomer in plants seem to react with the specific receptor molecule. The unsubstituted Methyl Jasmonate cis-isomer is found to be stable compared to the trans-isomer and the energy difference between cis-isomer and trans- isomer is within the range of ~2.0 KJ/mol in the gas phase and aqueous medium.&nbsp; The experimental reports reveal that there is presence of 5-10% cis-isomers in the equilibrated mixture.[12] Therefore, it appears that the activity of unsubstituted Methyl Jasmonate presumably governed by the presence of its cis- and trans- forms to interact with respective/specific receptor. The bioassay&nbsp; for the induction of genes encoding Jasmonate inducible proteins(JIPs) in barley by&nbsp; Waard et al. (1997) reported that the cis- /trans mixture of 3-Me-Methyl Jasmonate is&nbsp; inactive[12] and the steric effect caused by presence of the bulky&nbsp; methyl group at C-3 position as the reason behind&nbsp; the inactivity. In our computational results, we have seen increase in the atomic distance between the side chains in trans-isomers in both Jasmonic acid and in Methyl Jasmonate after the addition of the methyl group at C-3 position of the cyclopentanone ring. This influences the volume of the molecules and hinders interaction with the specific receptor in receptor binding.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>In Silico Study, Jasmonic acid, Methyl Jasmonate Stereoisomers, Plant Defense.</em></p> RUMA GANGULY* AND SAILESH K. MEHTA* ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. NON-SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF DYSTOCIA DUE TO UTERINE TORSION IN A MEHSANA BUFFALO by S. M. KALASWA, T. V. SUTARIA, H. C. NAKHASHI, B. N. SUTHAR, V. L. SOLANKI, H. K.THUMAR AND M. R. PATEL <p>The present communication report a case of maternal dystocia due to post-cervical right side uterine torsion in a pluriparous Mehsana buffalo was treated successfully by adopting modified Schaffer's detorsion method followed by obstetrical procedure with delivered a dead male emphysematous calf. Then the buffalo was post-medicated with various fluids, analgesic, antibiotic and antihistamine parentally apart from intra-uterine passaries which resulted to normal health of affected Mehsana buffalo within few days.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Mehsana </em><em>buffalo, Dystocia, Uterine torsion, Modified schaffer’s method, Dead male emphysematous fetus.</em></p> S. M. KALASWA* ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1. DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT OF SCHISTOSOMA SPINDALE INFECTION IN BUFFALO -A CASE REPORT by <p>Schistosomiasis is a snail-brone treamatodal infection of domestic animals and man which is prevalent in different parts of Asia. <em>Schistosoma spindale</em> is characterized by frequent diarrhea with blood and mucus, severe dehydration, weight loss and weakness in animals. A case of buffalo was presented at Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Deesa with complain of chronic diarrhea, weight loss and weakness. Fecal sample was collected from rectum and examined by direct method and it revealed eggs of Schistosoma spp. Praziquintal is consider as a drug of choice for treatment of Schistosomiasis but due to unavailability of large animal preparation animal was treated with lithium antimony tartrate.&nbsp; Animal showed decrease frequency of diarrhea, blood and improvement in condition.</p> 1A. S. PRAJAPATI*, 1A. N. SUTHAR, 2 BHUPAMANI DAS, 1K.D. PATEL AND 1K. M. ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. SEED GERMINATION WITH INFLUENCE OF OMKARA by ITAGI RAVI KUMAR1 AND MALLINA KARTHIK2 <p><em>Mantras</em> are not philosophies developed by human intellect or mind. They were revealed to great ancient sages when they tuned themselves into the universal energy following their profound meditation and austerity. <em>Mantra</em> increases plants growth and their positive energy has spiritual and healing properties. In the beginning, <em>om</em> is supposed to have been the first vibratory sound that emanated as the seed of creation. <em>Om</em> is a <em>bija</em> <em>mantra</em> for all the other <em>mantras</em>, whether <em>vaidika</em> or <em>tantrika</em>. The design of the experiment consists of two samples: <em>mantra</em> and control. Each sample contained a total of 600 fenugreek. Five replications were conducted with 120 seeds in each. <em>Omkara</em> <em>mantra</em> was chanted for 108 times for treatment sample, twice a day at sunrise and at sunset for two days. The control sample was kept under normal conditions. The result showed that treatment sample with <em>omkara</em> has 5.5% more germination, with exponential significance in radical length, 0.25 gm more in fresh weight of germinated seed and 0.47 gm more in dry weight of germinated seeds with respect to control.</p> ITAGI RAVI KUMAR*1 AND MALLINA KARTHIK2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. A NEW RECORD FOR PATAN DISTRICT - COMMELINA SUFFRUTICOSA BLUME. by B.V. PANCHAL, N.N. PATEL, N.J. PATEL, R.P. PATEL, H.H. PATEL AND J.N. PATEL <p>The paper deal with native species of Angiosperm belonging to&nbsp; Commelinaceae&nbsp; family&nbsp; is&nbsp; reported&nbsp; as&nbsp; an&nbsp; addition&nbsp; to the flora of Patan district. The paper also envisages ephemeral citation, detailed description of flowering and fruiting time notes along&nbsp; with photographs is also provided.</p> <p><em>Commelina</em> is a genus of approximately 170 species (efloraofindia). Commonly called dayflowers due to the short lives of their flowers. They are less often known as widow's tears. It is by far the largest genus of its family Commelinaceae.</p> <p>The Patan is historical place. It has so many historical importance. It is situated in the northern Gujarat region of Gujarat state. Earlier recorded 396 angiosperm plant species from Patan district (N.K. Patel and A.J. Parmar, 2011). A survey has been conducted in all areas of Patan district to collect the information about angiospermic plants. During the study, we located and identified new species of <em>commelina suffruticosa </em>from the HNGU campus, Patan.</p> B.V. PANCHAL, N.N. PATEL, N.J. PATEL, R.P. PATEL, H.H. PATEL AND J.N. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000 4. HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF BALIOSPERMUM AXILLARE ROOT ON EXPERIMENTAL LIVER INJURY IN RATS by DURGA K. MEWARA1, RUCHI SINGH1, KUMUD TANWAR1, MRIDULA SHARMA1,M.C. SHARMA1 AND R.S. GUPTA2 <p>The present experimental study was to evaluate the methanol extract of root of <em>B. axillare </em>for hepatoprotective activity against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in experimental rats. <em>B. axillare </em>root extract exhibited significant (P<u>&lt;</u>0.001) hepatoprotective activity by reducing carbon tetrachloride-induced change in biochemical parameters that was evident by antioxidants and enzymatic examinations. The plant root extract may interfere with free radical formation, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, which may conclude as hepatoprotective agent. The results were comparable with the standard drug silymarin. From this extract, the active constituents-stigmasterol, ceryl alcohol, octacosanol-1, b-sitosterol, betulin, betulinic acid and lupeol were isolated by IR, <sup>1</sup>H NMR, <sup>13</sup>C NMR and MS studies. Chronic toxicological studies revealed that the LD<sub>50</sub> value is more than the dose of 3g/kg body weight.</p> DURGA K. MEWARA1, RUCHI SINGH1, KUMUD TANWAR1, MRIDULA SHARMA1 M.C. SHARMA1 AND R.S. GUPTA*2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000 72-133.AVAILABILITYOFHEAVYMETALSINAMARANTHUSSPINOSAANDAMARANTHUSSPECIOSADUETOSABARMATIRIVERWATERPOLLUTIONByANILKUMARSHRIVASTAVA <p>Aquatic and semi-aquatic plants are suffered due to Sabarmati river water and sediments<br>which passes through the Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad. Nabhoi village situated at<br>Gandhinagar is less polluted locality while Vadaj situated at Ahmedabad is comparatively<br>more polluted locality of the research study. Heavy metals like Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn etc. are<br>available in water though which they enter in leaf and stem of Amaranthus spinosa and<br>Amaranthus speciosa. Heavy metals were analysed through Atomic Absorption<br>Spectrophotometer (AAS). Amaranthus spinosa leaves which was collected from less<br>polluted locality has 12.1632 ppm Fe, 0.9912 ppm Zn, 0.2117 ppm Cu, 1.4109 ppm Mn,<br>while collected from more polluted locality has 10.6236 ppm Fe, 0.9998 ppm Zn, 0.2449<br>ppm Cu, 2.0002 ppm Mn. Amaranthus spinosa stem which was collected from less polluted<br>locality has 2.1132 ppm Fe, 0.3812 ppm Zn, 0.2112 ppm Cu, 1.9216 ppm Mn, while<br>collected from more polluted locality has 3.4566 ppm Fe, 0.4613 ppm Zn, 0.2449 ppm Cu,<br>2.1003 ppm Mn. Amaranthus speciosa leaves which was collected from less polluted locality<br>has 9.1262 ppm Fe, 0.9885 ppm Zn, 0.1764 ppm Cu, 1.4248 ppm Mn, while collected from<br>more polluted locality has 5.3496 ppm Fe, 0.9925 ppm Zn, 0.2737 ppm Cu, 1.6259 ppm Mn.<br>Amaranthus speciosa stem which was collected from less polluted locality has 1.9296 ppm<br>Fe, 0.3799 ppm Zn, 0.2113 ppm Cu, 0.9213 ppm Mn, while collected from more polluted<br>locality has 2.1619 ppm Fe, 0.4692 ppm Zn, 0.4225 ppm Cu, 0.9398 ppm Mn. Amaranthus<br>spinosa is more sensitive, while Amaranthus speciosa is less sensitive towards pollution in<br>terms of heavy metals depositions.<br>KEY WORDS: Heavy metals, Amaranthus Spinosa, Amaranthus Speciosa, Sabarmati River,<br>Water Pollution.</p> ANIL KUMAR SHRIVASTAVA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 28 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1. SEED GERMINATION (PHYTOTOXICITY INDEX) OF END PRODUCT OF COMPOSTING OF POULTRY FARM WASTE by I.A. BABA1, M.T. BANDAY1, H.M. KHAN3, A.A. KHAN3, AND Z. H. MUNSHI4 <p>The present study was conducted in the Division of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (SKUAST- Kashmir) to assess the seed germination (phytotoxicity index) of the end product of composting of poultry form waste under the agroclimatic conditions of Kashmir Valley. Poultry farm waste in the form of poultry carcass (dead birds) and poultry litter was selected for this purpose. Four treatment recipes formulated for composting were: T<sub>1</sub>: Poultry carcass + Poultry litter, T<sub>2</sub>: Poultry carcass + Poultry litter + Paddy straw, T<sub>3</sub>: Poultry carcass + Poultry litter + Effective Microbes and T<sub>4</sub>: Poultry carcass + Poultry litter + Paddy straw + Effective Microbes. <strong>S</strong>ignificantly (P<u>&lt;</u>0.05) highest and lowest seed germination of 75.66 and 63.66 per cent respectively were observed in treatment groups T<sub>4</sub> and T<sub>2</sub> respectively during summer season and 71.33 and 65.91 per cent in T<sub>4</sub> and T<sub>1</sub> respectively during winter season. It was concluded that sufficient amount of seed germination index was achieved that indicated a much reduction of phytotoxins in the compost.</p> I.A. BABA1*, M.T. BANDAY1, H.M. KHAN3, A.A. KHAN3, AND Z. H. MUNSHI4 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. COMPATIBILITY STUDIES OF FODDER CROPS WITH MELIA DUBIA CAV. by K. KARTHIKEYAN, R. JUDE SUDHAGAR, S. RADHAKRISHNAN AND C. CINTHIA FERNANDAZ <p>A field experiment was conducted during 2017-1018 at Forest College and Research Institute, Mettupalayam with the clonal variety of <em>Melia dubia </em>MTP 2. Cumbu Napier Hybrid Co (BN) 5, Guinea grass CO (GG) 3, Lucerne, Hedge Lucerne and Stylosanthes were grown as intercrops under <em>Melia dubia </em>MTP 2. Investigations were carried out to assess the growth performance of <em>Melia dubia </em>under silvipastoral system to elicit information on superior crop combinations. Results revealed that the combination of <em>Melia</em> + Hedge Lucerne proved superior. The current study concludes that compared to monocropping of <em>Melia</em>, <em>Melia</em> + Hedge Lucerne combination was identified as promising silvipastoral model.</p> K. KARTHIKEYAN, R. JUDE SUDHAGAR, S. RADHAKRISHNAN AND C. CINTHIA FERNANDA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. GROWTH PERFORMANCE, VARIABILITY AND HERITABILITY STUDIES IN MELIA DUBIA CAV. by M.SATHYA AND K.T. PARTHIBAN <p>The increasing demand for wood and wood products in the country has attracted promotion of Agroforestry on a commercial scale. However, for want of suitable fast growing species with higher productivity, the achievement in organized agroforestry promotion is dismally modest. Under such circumstances, <em>Melia dubia</em> has been identified as a potential fast growing tree species amenable for incorporation in the various Agroforestry systems. The species exhibited multifarious industrial utility and its various suitable for plywood, pulp and paper production. Hence, systematic tree improvement programme has been initiated which included evaluation of sixteen clones. The clones registered significant variation for growth attributes. Among the clones evaluated, the potential of clone MD 26 is very well witnessed due to increased height, basal diameter and volume Index. This clone could be adopted immediately in agroforestry programme. The variability estimates indicated increased phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) compared to the corresponding genotypic coefficient of variation indicating the role environment in growth and development. Almost all the growth attributes exhibited higher heritability estimates and could play a better role in Melia improvement programme. In a holistic perspective, the current study identified MD 26 as a potential clone for adoption in industrial agroforestry plantation development.</p> M.SATHYA* AND K.T. PARTHIBAN* ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 4. CONSTRAINTS FACED BY LIVESTOCK FARMERS IN ADOPTION OF DAIRY FARMING TECHNOLOGIES IN BHAVNAGAR DISTRICT OF GUJARAT by N.H. JOSHI1, S.M. PRAJAPATI1 AND A.C. VAIDYA <p>India has apex position in livestock population and milk production in the world, but per capita milk production is low due to certain reasons. In India, most of livestock farmers belong to small house hold farming community and carrying out traditional practices. This study was carried out to know the main constraints faced by the livestock farmers in adopting dairy farming technology at grass root level. Study was limited to only twenty (20) villages of the Mahuwa taluka of Bhavnagar district in Gujarat. From each village, ten (10) farmers were randomly interviewed and thus it comprises of total two hundred (200). The study was carried out by using an ex-post facto design. About half of the farmers belonged to middle age group and had primary level education. Most of them had large family size and belongs to joint family. Majority of livestock farmers kept buffalo as a livelihood source. Nearly half of them had small land holding with medium (Rs.80, 001 to 2, 50,000) annual income. Major constraints found during this study were high cost of technology, high expenses in other inputs of livestock farming, low profit in dairy farming, poor economic condition and small herd size.</p> N.H. JOSHI1, S.M. PRAJAPATI1 AND A.C. VAIDYA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 5. USEFULNESS OF LATEST SOCIAL MEDIA IN VETERINARY FIELD AS FELT BY VETERINARIANS by N.H. JOSHI1, S.M. PRAJAPATI1 AND A.C. VAIDYA <p>Veterinarians play a vital role in rural sector by not only treating and curing the diseases, but by acting as opinion leaders for livestock farming community. To enable the livestock farmers for adopting the latest technology, veterinarians need to have proper dissemination tools like latest social media. Two to three (2-3) veterinarians were chosen randomly from each district of Gujarat state thus constituting a sample size of seventy (70). Usefulness of latest social media was measured under three categories i.e. communication aspect, usefulness aspect and knowledge aspect. Major findings of the study were more than two fifth (44.29 per cent) of the respondents belonged to middle age group and three fifth (60.00 per cent) of them were veterinary science graduates, while more than one third (37.15 per cent) of them had high to very high level of experience in the veterinary field. Slightly less than half (48.56 per cent) veterinarians belonged to government and more than two fifth (44.28 per cent) of them had medium annual income between rupees five to ten (5,00,001 to 10,00,000) lakh. Most of the respondents were using the WhatsApp, Google+ and Facebook daily. Frequency of using YouTube, Twitter and LinkedIn were observed less, as most of them were not using these for professional use. The main usefulness of latest social media as felt by respondents was a more users friendly (1<sup>st</sup> rank). It was also felt that latest social media is useful to take help for emergency cases (2<sup>nd</sup> rank), latest social media makes communication speedy and easy (3<sup>rd</sup> rank) and virtual groups on latest social media are one of the standard sources for information (4<sup>th</sup> group).</p> N.H. JOSHI1, S.M. PRAJAPATI1 AND A.C. VAIDYA* ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. ISOLATION OF PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZING BACTERIA FROM RHIZOSPHERE OF BT COTTON PLANT GROWN IN MEHSANA DISTRICT, NORTH GUJARAT by PARMAR, H. B.,1 RAOL, B.V.2 AND ACHARYA, P.B.1 <p>Phosphorus is one of the major nutrients which play an indispensable biochemical role in photosynthesis, respiration, energy storage and transfer, cell division, cell enlargement and several other processes in the living plant. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) can solubilize different forms of inorganic phosphates. A total of twenty nine (29) phosphate solubilizing bacteria were isolated from the six (06) rhizospheric sample of BT cotton plant of Mehsana District, Gujarat. Out of 29 isolates; 14 isolates show remarkable zone of solubilization. The zone of solubilization was studied on pikovskaya’s agar and quantitative phosphate solubilization was carried out by vanado- molybdate method. Burkholderia latens showed the maximum phosphate solubilization index 4.27 ± 0.094 in PVK agar plates along with phosphate solubilizing activity 328.7 ± 7.13 μg mL-1 in PVK broth and pH of the medium decreased upto 4.14 ± 0.067. However, the isolate PSB-3 shows the least solubilizing activity. Potent isolates show good phosphate solubilizing ability and thus were found potential further used as biofertilizers agents.<br>KEY WORD: Phosphate Solubilizing bacteria, Burkholderia latens, Bt Cotton, Rhizosphere.</p> PARMAR, H. B., RAOL B.V. AND ACHARYA, P.B. ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 10 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 7. DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF CLIMBING PLANTS IN TROPICAL EVERGREEN FOREST OF NORTH ANDAMAN ISLANDS_ INDIA By ASHUTOSH GHOSH <p>The present study examined the floristic diversity, dominance, abundance and IVI of climbers and lianas species in the tropical evergreen vegetation in North Andaman forest. A total of 1098 climbing plants belonging to 115 species, 77 genera, and 34 families were identified. These consisted of 67 liana and 48 herbaceous climber species. Stem twinning was the most predominant (44.35%) climbing mechanism. The dominant species recorded from this forest were Calamus andamanicus (IVI-16.7), Gnetum scandens (IVI-10.75) and Calamus viminalis (IVI-10.05) respectively. Most of the species were randomly distributed whereas some showed clumped distribution.<br>KEY WORDS: Diversity, Climbing plants, Evergreen, Andaman.</p> ASHUTOSH GHOSH ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 04 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. ECO FRIENDLY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR CONTROLING BROWN SPOT DISEASE IN RICE By M. SRINIVASARAO_ M. PRAMANICK_ A. HALDER <p>Brown spot of paddy (Helminthosporium oryzae) is prevalent in all rice growing areas of the country especially in heavy monsoon areas of West Bengal. The indiscriminate use of chemical fungicides to control the disease is not only hazardous to living beings but also adversely affects the environment. Successful control of the diseases by different tree biomass and by using bio control agents which had no adverse effect on the environment is one of the challenging objectives in organic farming. The present research work has been carried out at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, “C” block farm, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, during Kharif 2013 with the objective to assess the effect of different organic nutrient and plant protection management practices to control the brown spot disease in rice crop. The results revealed that combination of Seed treatment with Brahmastra + Foliar spray with Brahmastra and seed treatment with Brahmastra + Trichoderma harzianum soil application @ 130 kg ha-1 was recorded significantly lower brown spot disease intensity with organic nutrient management levels of vermi compost @ 30 kg N ha-1 + Mustard cake @ 30 kg N ha-1 as compared to the control and it was observed that it reduces approximately 10 – 19 % disease intensity as compared to control.<br>KEY WORDS: Brahamstra, Brown spot of rice, Disease intensity, Trichoderma harzianum.</p> M. SRINIVASARAO, M. PRAMANICK, A. HALDER AND S. DAS ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 04 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 7.WATER CHEMISTRY OF HAZRATBAL BASIN OF DAL LAKE IN KASHMIR By P.S.A. KANUE_ S. MUNSHI_ S.M. ZUBAIR AND HARISH CHANDER DUTT <p>This paper reports a study carried out in the Hazratbal Basin of Dal Lake, Kashmir. The study encompasses the analysis carried out on water samples from four sites of Hazratbal basin. The data collected indicates that world famous Dal Lake is undergoing a fast eutrophication due to pollution caused by agricultural practices in the catchment area which has subsequently enriched the lake water with enormous inputs of fertilizers, nutrient content, organic matter from both autochthonous and allochthonous modes etc.<br><strong><em>KEY WORD: </em></strong><em>Hazratbal Basin, Eutrophic, Dal Lake.</em></p> P.S.A. KANUE, S. MUNSHI, S.M. ZUBAIR AND HARISH CHANDER DUTT  ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. EFFECT OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS ON INITIAL FRUIT SET, FRUIT SET RETENTION AND FRUIT DROP OF INDIAN BER (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.) by SURESH KUMAR1, UPESH KUMAR 2 AND PREM NARESH3 <p>An investigations were undertaken to find out the effect of plant growth regulators (NAA, GA3 and 2,4,5-T ) along with control and water spray replicated thrice in CR D different doses as ( T-0 Control (No spray), T-1(water spray ),T-2(NAA- 10 ppm),T-3(NAA- 20 ppm),T-4(NAA- 30 ppm),T-5(GA3 - 25 ppm),T-6(GA3 - 30 ppm),T-7(GA3 - 35 ppm),T-8(2,4,5-T-15 ppm),T-9(2,4,5-T- 20 ppm),T-10(2,4,5-T- 25 ppm) on initial fruit set ,fuit set retention and fruit drop of Indian ber . fruit set ranged from 157 to 162 during both the years of trial. There were no significant differences in the mean values in this regard, but the highest initial fruit set was recorded under 2,4,5-T 20 ppm (162 in both year) followed by 2,4,5-T 25 ppm (162 and 161) and GA3 25 ppm (162 jn both year ) while the lowest was registered under NAA 10 ppm (159 in both year) being significantly superior over control. The maximum fruit retention was recorded by the application of 2,4,5-T (11.21 and 11.09%) followed by NAA (10.02 and 9.54%) and GA3 (9.24 and 9.13%) over the control (5.16 and 4.74%) but the highest fruit retention was recorded under 2,4,5-T 25 ppm (11.88 and 12.45%) followed by 2,4,5-T 20 ppm (11.24 and 10.85%) and NAA 30 ppm (11.00 and 10.75%) while the lowest was registered under GA3 25 ppm (7.79 and 7.75%) being significantly superior over control. The probable reason for greater fruit retention might be due to the stimulation of natural&nbsp;growth substances on the experimental plant and particularly the limb. The percentage of fruit fall under different treatments (growth regulators and their concentrations) during both the years revealed that all the growth regulators namely, NAA, GA3 and 2,4,5-T reduced the fruit drop irrespective of their concentrations as compared to control. Most effective growth regulator was found to be 2,4,5-T (88.79 and 88.91%) followed by NAA (89.98 and 90.46%) and GA3 (90.76 and 90.87%).<br>KEY WORDS: Indian Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.), Growth regulators, Initial fruit set, Fruit drop, Fruit retention.</p> SURESH KUMAR UPESH KUMAR AND PREM NARESH ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. COMPOSTING OF POULTRY FARM WASTE-A REVIEW by I.A. BABA1, M.T, BANDAY1, H.M. KHAN, A.A, KHAN3, S. ADIL1 AND N. NISSA4 <p>The farm wastes generated in poultry production is: litter (mixture of droppings and bedding material), manure resulting from laying hen (cage rearing) and dead birds. The amount of waste generated depends largely on the weight of the rearing bird and the type of farm operation. Around 1000 kg live weight broilers produce about 17.1-17.4 kg of manure on dry weight basis and laying hen produce 13.4 kg of manure per day on dry weight basis (Edwards and Daniel, 1992). Overcash et al. (1983) reported that fresh manure production per 1000 kg live weight for broiler is 87 kg and for laying hens is 73 kg. Fresh manure produced per 1000 kg live animal mass per day for different classes of animals were 64 kg, 85 kg and 86 kg for layers, broilers and dairy cattle, respectively (ASAE, 2003). A flock size of 50,000 broilers reared up to 49 days of age with an average daily mortality of 0.1 per cent (4.9 per cent total mortality), produced approximately 2.2 tons of carcass (Blake, 2004).</p> I.A. BABA, M.T. BANDAY H.M. KHAN, A.A. KHAN, S. ADIL AND N. NIS ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1.STUDY OF THE DECLINING POPULATION OF COMMON “HOUSE SPARROW” (PASSER DOMESTICS) IN URBAN AND SUB-URBAN AREAS OF INDIA by DIGVIJAY SINGH TEOTIA1, ANUJ YADAV2, VISHAL KUMAR2 AND AMIT KUMAR3 <p>The common house sparrows are distributed all over India. The disappearance of sparrows has been widely reported in India. The various ornithologists and bird lovers fear that if appropriate conservation initiatives are not taken urgently, the sparrow may soon cease to exist and became extinct. The sparrow population in Andhra Pradesh alone had dropped by 80%. In other states like Kerala, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, it had dropped by 20%. The decline in coastal areas was about 70-80%. The reliable on sparrow populations is not available. No one is actually counting and keeping a record of the sparrows. The Indian sparrow popularly known as house sparrow (passer domestics) is widest spread species of sparrow family in India. The bird has lost prominence due to its vanishing numbers. The decline of sparrows is a warming signal to all of us. The spread of diseases due to decline in sparrow population is an alarming danger. The introduction of unleaded petrol, flow of electromagnetic waves from mobile towers, reducing areas of free growing weeds, competition for food by other species are possible reasons for this decline of sparrows. The Bird Life&nbsp;International, Royal Society for Protection of Birds (RSPB, Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) have taken plan for the protection of sparrows. This research papers attempts to explain the reasons of decline in the population of house sparrows in the last few years. It also includes the creation of awareness to develop ecosystem where sparrow can continue to co-exist in harmony.<br>KEY WORDS: Passer domestics, Ecosystems, Alarming danger, Disappearance,Population, Harmony.</p> DIGVIJAY SINGH TEOTIA ANUJ YADAV, VISHAL KUMAR AND AMIT KUMAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 4. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS FOR DIFFERENT CHANGES IN COMPOSTING AND FERMENTATION OF POULTRY FARM WASTE by I.A. BABA1, M.T. BANDAY2, H.M. KHAN3, A.A. KHAN3, M. ADULLAH1 AND N. NISSA4 <p>The current study was conducted in the Division of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, (SKUAST-Kashmir) during the year 2016 under the agro-climatic conditions of Kashmir Valley, to compare the physical changes and economic returns of the composting and fermentation experiments. Dead birds and poultry litter was used for this study. Based upon the comparison of composting and fermentation studies an overall higher weight reduction attained was 39.96 per cent during composting and 4.72 per cent during fermentation. Similarly, volume reduction observed was 23.75 per cent during composting and 2.75 per cent during fermentation. Higher moisture content of 51.46 per cent was observed in ferment as compared to 21.39 per cent in compost. Odour score card of 6.7 and 4.54 were respectively observed in composting and fermentation. Similarly better fly score card of 6.62 was observed during composting when compared to 4.64 during fermentation. Net profit was Rs.1950.76 during composting and Rs.124.02 during fermentation. Net profit/bin was more (Rs.162.56) in composting when compared to fermentation (Rs. 4.59).<br>KEY WORDS: Comparative analysis, Composting, Fermentation, Poultry&nbsp;farm waste.</p> I.A. BABA, M.T. BANDAY, H.M. KHAN, A.A. KHAN, M. ADULLAH AND N. NISSA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 5. SUCCESSFUL MANAGEMENT OF MONOZYGOTIC TWINS WITH POSTURAL DEFECTS IN WATER BUFFALO by RAVI DUTT1, GYAN SINGH2, KARAN SHARMA3, VINAY YADAV4, SHIVANAGOUDA S. PATIL5, SUBHASH CHAND GAHALOT6 AND R. <p>Current case report depicts successful delivery of monozygotic twin fetuses with mal-postures in water buffalo by traction following induction of parturition with hormonal therapy.<br>KEY WORDS: Dystocia, Twins, Mal-postures, Monozygotic, Water buffalo.</p> RAVI DUTT, GYAN SINGH, KARAN SHARMA, VIN SHIVANAGOUDA S. PATIL, SUBHASH CHAND GAH ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +0000 5.CERTAIN PLANT SPECIES TRADITIONALLY USED BY THE TRIBALS OF R.D.F. POSHINA FOREST RANGE OF SABARKANTHA DISTRICT, NORTH GUJARAT, INDIA BY HITESH R. PATEL AND R.S. PATEL <p>The present paper reviews plants traditionally used by tribals in r.d.f. poshina forest range of<br>sabarkantha district, north Gujarat, India. About 10 plant species belonging to 10families were<br>observed during my research work. Plant species of these forest areas are documented here with<br>their botanical names, local names, family and their ethnobotanical uses. The species were<br>arranged family vise according to the flora of Gujarat state. The present data were collected from<br>the tribals and local people residing in the hamlets of the remote forest area.The botanical names,<br>Local names, families, biodata of informators are given in the present research paper. The adivasi<br>dwelling in the forest have good knowledge of different plants. Certain plants like SARAGAVO<br>Moringa oleifera (Lam.), KOTHI Limonia acidissima (L.), LIMDO Azadirachta indica (A.Juss.),<br>BAVAL Acacia nilotica (L.), DUTHIE Lagenaria leucantha (Roxb.) Rusby, DHAO Anogeissus<br>pendula (Wall.), GUNDA Cordia dichotoma (Forst.f.), BHOYRINGNI Solanum surattense<br>(Burm.f.), ARNI Clerodendrum multiflorum (Burm.f.), THOR Euphorbia nerifolia (L.) etc. were<br>observed as a commonly useful plants in the R.D.F. Poshina Forest during the year 2010-2011.<br>KEY WORD: Traditionally, Sabarkantha district, R.D.F. Poshina forest range, Tribals.</p> HITESH R. PATEL AND R.S. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 4.ETHNOVETERINARY HEALTHCARE PRACTICES IN MARIHAN SUB-DIVISION OF DISTRICT MIRZAPUR,UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA BY 1PRASANT KUMAR SINGH, 2SHIVAM SINGH, 3VINOD KUMAR AND 3ALOK KRISHNA <p>The Marihan subdivision of district Mirzapur is dominated by several tribal groups. These people<br>have their own ethnoveterinary treatment systems of diseases both for human as well as for their<br>livestock. The common cattle diseases of the area are foot &amp; mouth disease, anthrax, pneumonia,<br>ectoparasites, helminthiasis, constipation, diarrhea/ dysentery, mastitis etc. The different cattle<br>diseases are listed along with their treatment system.<br>KEY WORDS: Marihan sub-division, ethno-veterinary treatment, livestock</p> PRASANT KUMAR SINGH,SHIVAM SINGH AND ALOK KRISHNA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 20 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. LIGHT MICROSCOPIC STUDIES ON THE SKIN THICKNESS OF ZOVAWK PIG (Sus Scrofa Scrofa) by A.LALRAMLIANA, P.C.KALITA, ARUP KALITA, P.J. DOLEY, HEMEN DAS AND O.P. CHAUDHARY <p>Light microscopic studies on the skin of Zovawk pig was conducted to identify the skin thickness by using male and female animals. The skin of Zovawk pig consisted of epidermal layers and dermal layers. The epidermal layer thickness varied considerably in different regions of the body. In male Zovawk, the maximum thickness of epidermis was observed on the dorsal neck by measuring 0.12 ± 0.004 mm while the minimum thickness was on the ventral thorax which measured 0.10 ± 0.002 mm. In female, the maximum thickness of epidermis was observed on dorsal thorax by measuring 0.09 ± 0.004 mm and minimum was on the ventral neck by measuring 0.06 ± 0.007 mm. After comparing between male and female animals, the total skin thickness in all the regions studied showed significant in thickness.<br>KEY WORDS: Zovawk pig, Skin, Dermis, Epidermis, Light microscope.</p> A.LALRAMLIANA, P.C.KALITA, ARUP KALITA P.J. DOLEY, HEMEN DAS AND O.P. CHAUDHARY ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM RECOVERED FROM VISCERAL ORGANS OF EMU by MUKESH K. KHYALIA1, VIKAS KHICHAR2, VIJAYATA3, SWATI RUHIL4 AND K.S. PRAJAPATI5 <p>The present Investigation was conducted to study the prevalence of Salmonella spp. in various emu farms of Anand, Gujarat and deals with isolation, phenotypic characterization and evolution of antimicrobial efficacy against Salmonella typhimurium isolates recovered from various visceral organs of emu birds. A total of 50 samples were collected from dead emu birds to investigate Salmonella spp. and among them just three samples (6%) were recognized as Salmonella spp. by cultural and biochemical Properties and all were further confirmed as Salmonella typhimurium by serotyping. Total Seven antibiotics were tested for their efficacy against these isolates. All three isolates were found resistant to&nbsp;Penicillin. This is the first report on the isolation, identification and serotyping of Salmonella typhimurium from emu farms in Gujarat, India.<br>KEY WORDS: Emu, Salmonella typhimurium, Antibiogram.</p> MUKESH K. KHYALIA, VIKAS KHICHAR VIJAYATA, SWATI RUHIL AND K.S. PRAJAPATI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 4. MINERAL BIOACCUMULATION IN COMMERCIALLY IMPORTANT SHELL FISHES COLLECTED FROM VERSOVA FISH LANDING CENTRE, MUMBAI by HITESH U. SHINGADIA AND MEENAKSHI VAIDYA <p>This study was aimed to estimate bioaccumulation potential of some minerals in edible muscle tissue of commercially important shell fishes like shrimps (Penaeus indicus and Solenocera crasicornis), crabs (Scylla serrata, Neptunus pelagicus and Charybdis cruciatus) and mussel (Perna viridis) fished from coastal waters of Mumbai along the West Coast of India. Shell fishes are known to bioaccumulate minerals in their tissues in direct proportion to that present in their habitat. The concentration of minerals was in order of B &gt; Zn &gt; Fe &gt; Pb &gt; Cu &gt; As &gt; Cd &gt; Mn &gt; Hg. The bioaccumulation of various minerals in edible tissues of different shell fishes showed significant differences (p=0.01). Spearman’s Correlation Coefficient was also investigated that showed significance. The study revealed that, shell fishes collected from Versova fish landing centre, Mumbai may be potentially nontoxic for consumption and/or export as concentrations of studied minerals were observed to be below the permissible limits as prescribed by FAO/WHO, nevertheless the presence of contaminants other than studied minerals cannot be ruled out and needs to be further investigated before asserting these seafood commodities innocuous for consumption by local populace, marketed and exported.<br>KEY WORDS: Minerals, Bioaccumulation, Shell fishes, Versova Fish Landing Centre, Mumbai.</p> HITESH U. SHINGADIA AND MEENAKSHI VAIDYA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1. PREVALENCE OF ECTOPARASITE INFESTATIONS ON CATTLE IN AMRELI DISTRICT WESTERN INDIA by DR. NIMESH K. MEHTA <p>The present research work was employed to determine the prevalence of ectoparasites in cattle of Amreli district, from November 2015 to October 2016.<br>During the work, physical examination was done in 274 cattle and laboratory identification was done on the ectoparasites which were collected. Overall ectoparasites prevalence was found to be 27.01% (74/274). Totally three species of tick, one species of lice, were identified. Among the tick specimen collected, Rhipicephalus sp. (Boophilus) (45%), Hyalomma sp (25%) Ornithodorus sp. (30%) had highest prevalence. Haemobopinus was the only lice identified. The analysis indicated that, cattle in the study area were infested with numerous ectoparasites fauna but, tick, lice and mite were found to cause health and productivity issues to the cattle and farmers.<br>KEY WORDS: Ectoparasites, Amreli district, Prevalence, Infestation, Incidence cattle.</p> DR. NIMESH K. MEHTA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 7. OBSERVATION ON AQUATIC AND WETLAND PLANT DIVERSITY IN SIPU RIVER BED NEAR SIPU DAM, BANASKANTHA DISTRICT, GUJARAT by BHASKER PUNJANI, BALDEV PANCHAL, NIKUNJ PATEL, BHAVESH MALI, ANKIT PATEL AND VINOD PANDEY <p>With an aim to make an inventory of aquatic and wetland plant diversity, field explorations were undertaken during November-2016 to April-2017 in Sipu river downstream area near Sipu dam, district Banaskantha, Gujarat, India. The climate of the district is arid and semi-arid, with tropical dry deciduous and thorny forests. This floristic survey conducted for the first time in the study area showed the wealth of aquatic and wetland flora of the region under study. A total of 22 species in 18 genera and 12 Angiosperm families were recorded for the first time during present survey conducted in the area under study. Of the total recorded species Dicotyledons consisted of 58% whereas, Monocotyledons of 42%. The family Cyperaceae turned out as dominant and genus Cyperus considered as dominant genus in the present study. An aquatic Pteridophyte - Azolla pinnata R. Brown recorded during field exploration from the study area. From the present study, it can be concluded that the study area contains a significant proportion of varied aquatic and wetland plant species, and well adapted to special edaphic and climatic conditions; but their frequency, abundance, etc. were observed poor may be due to uncontrolled anthropogenic practices in the area.<br>KEY WORDS: Aquatic and wetland plants, Sipu river, Banaskantha, Gujarat.</p> BHASKER PUNJANI, BALDEV PANCHAL, NIKUNJ BHAVESH MALI, ANKIT PATEL AND VINOD PAND ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 6. MONITORING OF MUNDRA COASTAL ZONE, GULF OF KACHCHH WITH REFERENCE TO LAND USE LAND COVER CHANGES USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS by JOSHI KAJAL AND DHARAIYA NISHITH <p>Urban expansion has increased the utilization of natural resources and has altered land use and land cover patterns. Coastal zones are most susceptible for land use changes in this rapid era of industrialization and urbanization. Land cover change is a major distress of global environment change. To conserve the present natural resources and to be aware of the causes and consequences of over exploitation of soil and water resources a land use and land cover mapping and monitoring was done in the coastal zone of Mundra, one of the most rapidly growing industrial hub in India. Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques were used as a tool to monitor the land use and land cover change in the study area. The main objective of this study is to monitor and evaluate land use land cover (LULC) changes during the year 2000, 2006 and 2013. LISS-III satellite data and digital change detection techniques were used. The images were classified through supervised classification method coupled with expert visual interpretation techniques. Eight LULC classes were decided for the classification purposes. Error matrix and KAPPA analysis have been done for accuracy assessment classification. Change detection between the images for all the land use and land cover classes was computed. The overall accuracy of classification methodology is 89.2%, 91.3% and 90.1% and KAPPA statistics is 0.86, 0.88 and 0.87 for the 2000, 2006 and 2013 images respectively. The study exposes that the important coastal land use type of Mundra coast i.e. coastal wetlands and mangrove vegetation have&nbsp;been reduced drastically in their extent because of the reclamation, dredging, tipping and other anthropogenic activities along the coastal zone.<br>KEY WORDS: LISS III image, KAPPA analysis, Supervised classification, Mangrove destruction.</p> JOSHI KAJAL AND DHARAIYA NISHITH ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 5. B- MODE ULTRASONOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF SPLEEN IN GOATS (CAPRA HIRCUS) by SHYAM MANOHAR1; DHARMENDRA KUMAR1; D. V. PARMAR; A. J. PATEL1; P. V. PARIKH2 AND D. B. PATIL3 <p>The present study was conducted to establish ultrasonographic features of spleen using two dimensional B-mode and real-time ultrasound scanner (e saote My Lab 40 VET) in ten healthy Surti goats with convex (2.5-7.5 MHz, Group I) and linear (7.5-18 MHz Group II) transducer. The intercostal spaces of the left thoracic wall were scanned with a convex (2.5-7.5 MHz, Group I) and linear (7.5-18 MHz Group II) transducer in standing goats. The appearance of the splenic parenchyma, the position of the ultrasonographically visible dorsal and ventral margins of spleen and the distance between them, and the diameter of the splenic vessels were determined. Spleen always lay between the rumen and abdominal wall. Spleen had an echogenic capsule, and its parenchyma showed a homogenous fine echotexture / echo pattern throughout the whole visible part of spleen. The splenic vessels were seen within the parenchyma. The visible dorsal margin of spleen ran from cranioventral to caudodorsal. The distance from the dorsal margin of spleen to the midline of the back was greatest in the 8th intercostal space (18.6 ± 3.8 cm) and smallest at 12th intercostal space (7.2 ± 1.2cm). The size of spleen was smallest at the 8th intercostal space (3.0 ± 1.20 cm) and largest at the 11th intercostal space (9.0&nbsp;± 2.0 cm).<br>KEY WORDS: Spleen, Ultrasonographic, Intercostal Space, Diaphragm and rumen</p> SHYAM MANOHAR DHARMENDRA KUMAR D. V. PARMAR A. J. PATEL P. V. PARIKH ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 01 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. SEASONAL VARIATIONS OF PHYTOPLANKTON AND THEIR CORRELATION WITH PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF KANJIALAKE, NANDANKANAN ZOO, BHUBANESWAR by G.N.INDRESHA1, S.P.PARIDA2 AND A.K.PATRA3 <p>Phytoplankton plays an important role in fresh water ecosystems as bio-indicators and are used as a tool for assessing the water quality. It is necessary to study population dynamics, community structure, species composition, species diversity of phytoplankton while undertaking ecological investigations in aquatic ecosystems, particularly in fresh water ecosystems like Kanjia Lake of Nandankanan Sanctuary. Sampling points were decided by keeping in mind that the sampling points must include shallow and deep regions of the water body, points of inflow, and outflow of water in the lake and anthropogenic activities. The grab samples were collected from four different sites, enough to accurately represent the whole water body to assess their physical and chemical and biological parameters at monthly intervals in the middle of every month between 9:00- 11:00 am.To minimize the changes from collection to analysis, the sample was preserved soon after collection by adding with 10ml of 1% Lugol’s solution.Different physicochemical parameters were measured in the field itself by physical methods or by using Systronics P-4 water analysis kit (E-Merck).The present study shows the phytoplankton density ranged from 3485.625 to 3823.125 nL-1 with mean ± S.D. (3670.312± 157.956) during winter season, 5941.875 to 6751.65 nL-1 with mean ± S.D. (6269.475±&nbsp;383.2973) during summer season and 3213.75 to 4021.875 nL-1with mean ± S.D. (3521.25± 348.390) during monsoon season.The variations across sites were insignificant and significant over seasons.The total densities of phytoplankton were found to be maximum during summer and minimum during monsoon season. Among different groups of phytoplankton, chlorophyceae, cyanophyceae were found to be maximum during summer and minimum during monsoon whereas bacillariophyceae were found to be maximum during summer and minimum during winter season followed by monsoon. Average of four year density also found to be minimum during monsoon and maximum during summer season. In general higher phytoplankton density was much more pronounced during the summer season than the monsoon periods in the lake.The correlations between phytoplankton density with one or other physicochemical parameters indicate that the density of phytoplankton is dependent on different abiotic factors either directly or indirectly indicating the seasonal variation in physico-chemical and biological parameters, it can be concluded that changes in physicochemical parameters play an important role in seasonal variation in density and diversity and distribution of phytoplankton.<br>KEY WORDS: Kanjia Lake, phytoplankton, seasonal variation, physico- chemical parameters.</p> G.N.INDRESHA S.P.PARIDA AND A.K.PATRA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000 4. CHROMOPHORIC DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER (GELBSTOFF) INCREASES THE RESILIENCE OF CORAL REEFS BY ABSORBING ULTRA VIOLET RADIATIONS (UVR)-A CASE STUDY OF GULF OF KACHCHH by ROHAN THAKKER AND HITESH A. SOLANKI <p>Coral reefs are especially vulnerable to predicted climate change because they bleach rapidly and dramatically in response to increased Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs). Even an increase of 1 or 2ºC above average over a sustained period of time (i.e. a month) can cause mass bleaching. The potential severity of the predicted increases of 1-3ºC in SSTs by 2050 and 1.4-5.8ºC in Earth surface temperatures by 2100 thus becomes apparent. The Mass-coral bleaching events are generally triggered by high seawater temperatures, experiments have demonstrated that corals and reef-dwelling foraminifers bleach more readily when exposed to high energy, short wavelength solar radiation (blue, violet and ultraviolet [UVR]: λ ~ 280 - 490 nm). In seawater, colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), also called gelbstoff, preferentially absorbs these shorter wavelengths, which consequently bleach and degrade the CDOM. Coloured Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM), also known as gelbstoff; it primarily consists of humic acids produced by the decomposition of plant litter and organically rich soils in coastal and upland areas. Levels can be augmented by fulvic acid produced by coral reefs, seaweed decomposition or industrial effluents. CDOM absorbs UV radiation and can protect coral reefs against bleaching. Hence the surrounding ecosystems such as seagrasses and mangroves should be protected because they contribute nutrients to the coral reefs, provide nurseries for many reef species and produce coloured dissolved organic&nbsp;matter (CDOMs), which can be important in screening harmful solar radiation and thus protecting corals against bleaching. The Gulf of kachchh has a very unique feature where we find Corals as well as mangroves. The Mangroves need Mud &amp; Silt deposition whereas the corals don’t. According to reports the probable mangrove areas are increasing in the GOK. That means the only source of Silt in the region i.e. the Indus River carries the Silt which doesn’t gets deposited on the Corals. But the mangroves are directly responsible for Conservation of the Corals by producing CDOM.<br>KEY WORDS: CDOM, Mangroves, Coral reefs.</p> ROHAN THAKKER AND HITESH A. SOLANKI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1. ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDIES ON DIFFERENT EDIBLE WEEDS OF JAISINGHPUR (KANGRA) IN HIMACHAL PRADESH, INDIA by DHIRAJ S. RAWAT AND ANJNA D. KHARWAL <p>Plants are the basis of life on earth and are central to people’s livelihood. Glimpses of our knowledge in ethnomedicine are available to vedic text. The work aims at the preservation of this depleting traditional knowledge. Agenda 21 of the Rio Earth Summit stated that indigenous people have a vital role in environmental management and development because of their knowledge and traditional practices. This paper deals with ethnobotanical information of 14 edible weeds of Jaisinghpur along with their phonological pattern. Weeds compete with crop plants for water, light and nutrition. They tend to persist in spite of man’s effort for eradication and interfere with agricultural operations. Weeds reduce the yield and detract from the comfort of life but some of the weeds are highly medicinal, edible and has great ethnobotanical values. Wild foods are rich source of carbohydrates such as the starch and free sugars, oils, proteins, minerals, ascorbic acid, and the antioxidant phenols, such as chlorogenic acid and its polymers.<br>KEY WORDS: Ethnomedicine, Indigenous Traditional knowledge, Biodiversity, Phenological pattern.</p> DHIRAJ S. RAWAT AND ANJNA D. KHARWAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. SEASONAL VARIATIONS OF ZOOPLANKTON AND THEIR CORRELATION WITH PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF KANJIALAKE, NANDANKANAN ZOO, BHUBANESWAR by G.N.INDRESHA1, S.P.PARIDA2 AND A.K.PATRA3 <p>Zooplankton plays an important role in fresh water ecosystems in transfer of energy at the secondary trophic level in an aquatic ecosystem. They are intermediate link between primary producers viz. phytoplankton with higher trophic level organisms. Zooplanktons are rich in essential amino and fatty acids and provide fish with nutrients and their study is necessary in fisheries and aquaculture and is considered as nature’s water purifiers and respond quickly to the changes in the medium and are used as indicators of overall health of the aquatic ecosystem. Zooplankton is important in understanding the lake dynamics and the results of the study undertaken at Kanjia lake of Nandankanan sanctuary, are discussed in detail.The grab samples were collected from four different sites, enough to accurately represent the whole water body to assess their physical and chemical and biological parameters at monthly intervals in the middle of every month between 9:00- 11:00 am.To minimize the changes in the sample from collection to laboratory analysis, the sample was preserved soon after the collection by 5 % formalin.The preserved samples were brought to the laboratory for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Quantitative studies were made by using Sedgwick rafter cell. Different physicochemical parameters were measured in the field itself by physical methods or by using Systronics P-4&nbsp;water analysis kit (E-Merck). Zooplanktons density ranged from 52 to 66.25 nL-1with mean ± S.D. (58.765 ± 5.844) during winter season, 90.625 to 127 nL-1 with mean ± S.D. (104.609 ± 15.661) during summer season and 49.375 to 69.312 nL-1 with mean ± S.D. (58.656 ±8.324) during monsoon season.The variations across sites and over seasons were significant.The total densities of zooplankton were found to be maximum during summer and minimum during monsoon season. In the community structure and species diversity, protozoa found to be dominant group followed by rotifera, cladocera, copepoda and astracoda. Average of four years density also found to be minimum during monsoon and maximum during summer. In general higher zooplankton density was much more pronounced during the summer season than the monsoon and winter periods in the lake. During the present investigation, the water samples from four study sites have been analyzed for spatial and temporal distribution in density, diversity and percentage distribution of zooplankton. The study revealed the presence of 30 species, out of which 10 species of Protozoa, 9 species of Rotifera, 4 species of Cladocera, 3 species of Ostracoda, and 4 species Copopoda. The zooplankton assemblage of this lake consists primarily of protozoa followed by Rotifers. In the community structure and species diversity, out of 30 species recorded, the Protozoa were found to be dominant group consisting of 10 species ((33.33%) followed by Rotifera with 9 species (30%), Cladocera with 4 species (13.33%), Copepoda with 4 species (13.33%) and Ostracoda with 3 species(10%).<br>KEY WORDS: KanjiaLake, zooplankton, seasonal variation, physico- chemical parameters.</p> G.N.INDRESHA, S.P.PARIDA AND A.K.PATRA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 01 May 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. HAEMATO-BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN MANGE INFECTION IN CAMELS by TAPAN VARIA1, ANKIT PRAJAPATI2 AND SUNANT RAVAL1 <p>Camel is the only mode of transport in desert. In Gujarat 0.058 million<br>camel population is there. Camel suffers from a number of important<br>diseases viz., mange infestations which is a serious problem in many parts<br>of the world and poses a major problem to camel health. No systemic data is<br>available on the diseases prevailing in the rural camel populations or their<br>off springs maintained in rural households. Blood samples of infected<br>(n=13) and healthy camels (n=13) were collected from different regions.<br>The present study was conducted to know the haematological and<br>biochemical alterations in camel during mange infestation. Data shows that<br>mange infestation significantly affect level of haematological and<br>biochemical parameters.<br>KEY WORDS: Therapeutic usage, Medicinal plants, Pune District</p> TAPAN VARIA ANKIT PRAJAPATI AND SUNANT RAVAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1. ASSESSMENT OF THERAPEUTIC USAGE OF MEDICINAL PLANTS OF PUNE DISTRICT, MAHARASHTRA by RAHANGDALE, S.S.1, RAHANGDALE, S.R.2 AND KHUPAT, A.N.1 <p>This paper deals with the wild medicinal plants used by rural population of<br>Pune District, Maharashtra state. The ethno-botanical information was<br>gathered from local inhabitants and Vaidus. The plants are collected,<br>identified and all the specimens have been deposited in Herbarium of<br>Balasaheb Jadhav, College. During this work, the authors gathered data on<br>134 species of locally available wild plants used in healing common<br>diseases or ailments. The plants are arranged alphabetically, botanical name,<br>vernacular name and known medicinal uses are given.<br>KEY WORDS: Therapeutic usage, Medicinal plants, Pune District.</p> RAHANGDALE, S.S., RAHANGDALE, S.R. AND KHUPAT, A.N. ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. ENUMERATING THE MEDICINAL PLANTS OF CHURDHAR WILDLIFE SANCTUARY, HIMACHAL PRADES by SWATI SHARMA1, PANKAJ GUPTA2 AND VIJAY KUMAR SHARMA3 <p>Plants have been used for medicinal purpose since times immemorial. The study accessed the ethno-botanical wisdom of rural communities living in Churdhar wildlife sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh. In order to gather the required information, an ethno-botanical survey was undertaken by using standard methods of getting and analysing ethno-botanical information. A total of 52 medicinal plants including, herbs and shrubs (39 species), trees (9 species), climbers (3 species), and fungus (2 species) have been enumerated. This study showed that people still depend on medicinal plants for primary healthcare.<br>KEY WORDS: Medicinal Plants, Churdhar wildlife sanctuary, Ethno-botanical wisdom.</p> SWATI SHARMA PANKAJ GUPTA AND VIJAY KUMAR SHARMA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 01 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. DYSTOCIA IN A MARWARI MARE DUE TO BRACHYGNATHISM AND ARTHOGYPOSIS MONSTER - A CASE REPORT by DHRAMVEER SINGH1, PRAMOD KUMAR2, J S MEHTA3 AND VINOD DUDI4 <p>A case of mare dystocia with deviation of neck and flexion of both fore limb of fetal monster and its correction with mutation is reported. Post-operative care comprised of administration of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, ecobolics, along with vitamin supplements and tetanus toxoid.<br>KEY WORDS: Mare, Dystocia, Monster.</p> DHRAMVEER SINGH, PRAMOD KUMAR J S MEHTA AND VINOD DUDI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. EFFECT OF SRIYANTRA AND LUNAR DAYS ON THE GERMINATION OF FENUGREEK by ITAGI RAVI KUMAR1 AND RAVI KUMAR MANDAL2 <p>In tantric text yantra is a geometric diagram, which drawn on a paper and metal for worship or upasana to attain a siddhi and yogis use as aid to meditation. Lunar days are the length of time it takes for the moon to make one complete rotation on its axis compared to the sun. According to Hindu calendar lunar day called as tithi and 30 days in lunar month. In this study pancha loha sriyanta and paper sriyantra of two different sizes 23 cm x 23 cm and 15 cm x 15 cm were used as an intervention to see the effect on germination of fenugreek seeds along with control. Sample size was 600 seeds with 15 replications of 40 seeds in each replication. To study the effect of lunar day on germination of seeds, size of sample was 40 seeds. Samples are soaked at sunrise time on each lunar day of March/April. The present study showed sriyantra was more effective than control on % of germination, mean radical length, fresh weight and oven dry weight on fenugreek. Paper sriyantra was more effective on % of germination, mean radical length and oven dry weight than pancha loha sriyantra. Pancha loha sriyantra was more effective on fresh weight than Paper sriyantra. Bigger size sriyantra was more effective on % of germination, mean radical length and fresh weight. In the effect of lunar days investigation found that at four days before and after full moon was more effective.<br>KEY WORDS: Germination, Radical length, Fresh weight, Oven dry weight, Sriyantra, Lunar day, Tithi.</p> ITAGI RAVI KUMAR AND RAVI KUMAR MANDAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1. ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN GREENHOUSE FOR CUCUMBER CULTIVATION IN CHHATTISGARH by ANUSHA SINGH, MANISHA SAHU, V.M. VICTOR AND HARSHIT MISHRA <p>Cucumber is one of the most widely grown warm season crops in India and has an increasing demand in global and national market due to its versatility. The present research was done to work out the energy input in greenhouse cucumber cultivation in experimental field of IGKV, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. For the cultivation of crops soil-less culture was adopted and coco peat in hydroponic troughs were used as growing media. The objective of this study was to determine the total energy input that is consumed in greenhouse cultivation of cucumber and the factors which contribute to it. Also other objectives were to determine total output of cucumber for a season in terms of energy and calculate various energy indices. The results revealed that protected cucumber cultivation is an intensive process and it consumed a total of 10818 MJ of energy per hectare. Total output in terms of energy was found out to be 276.65 MJ per hectare. Higher energy input was majorly due to framed structure and glazing materials used, electricity and human labour. The assessment of input and output energies helped us in comparing the both and hence were significant for establishing the priorities for optimization of energy.<br>KEY WORDS: Cucumber, Energy, Specific energy, Energy ratio, Human labour, Energy output.</p> ANUSHA SINGH, MANISHA SAHU V.M. VICTOR AND HARSHIT MISHRA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0000 4. BUTTERFLY (LEPIDOPTERA-RHOPALOCERA-INSECTA) DIVERSITY OF ROORKEE, DISTRICT HARIDWAR, UTTARAKHAND INDIA by ASHISH KUMAR LAMIYAN1 AND NARENDER SHARMA2 <p>A preliminary study on the butterfly diversity of Roorkee, District Haridwar of Uttarakhand, was studied through sampling programme from February 2017- August 2017. A total of 32 species belonging to 26 genera of five families (Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymhalidae, Lycaenidae, Hesperiidae) were recorded. The maximum number of species were found in the family Nymphalidae (15 species), followed by Pieridae (7 species), Lycaenidae (6 species), Papilionidae (3 species), and Hesperiidae ( 1 species). An analysis of relative abundances revealed that of the 32 species reported, 10 were classed as very common, 18 as common and the remaining 4 species as uncommon.<br>KEY WORDS: Butterfly, Species Diversity, Roorkee, Uttarakhand.</p> ASHISH KUMAR LAMIYAN AND NARENDER SHARMA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Mar 2018 00:00:00 +0000 2. ESTIMATION OF CHLOROPHYLL “A” AND “B” OF SOME AQUATIC PLANTS by J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL <p>Chlorophyll a, b, c, d, carotene, xanthophylls are present in all higher plants. Then chlorophyll a and b are most important for plants. Make extract of chlorophyll in 80% acetone and estimate by spectrophotometer in Optical Density. Chlorophyll a and b are measured in amount of gm/lt. Chlorophyll was estimate of hydrophytes plants in Eichornia crassipes (mart) Solms, Hydrilla verticilata (L.F.) Royal, Nelumbo nucifera Gaerm and Trapa bispinosa Robe. The range of chlorophyll contains are 0.0003571 to 0.009084 gm/lt for chlorophyll a and 0.001191 to 0.007670 gm/lt for chlorophyll b.<br>KEYWORDS: Chlorophyll, Extract, Spectrophotometer, Optical Density.</p> J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000 3. DYSTOCIA IN SHEEP AND IT’S CORRECTION BY FETOTOMY – A CASE REPORT by SWATI RUHIL1, PRAMOD KUMAR2, VIKAS KHICHAR3, AND TEJPAL4 <p>A case of dystocia with lateral deviation of head was reported in 3years old sheep. Both forelegs were protruding from vagina, ewe was active and alert. Fetus was removed by subcutaneous fetotomy. Post-operative care included administration of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs along with vitamin supplementation and intra uterine therapy. There was an uneventful recovery. It is concluded that partial fetotomy appears to be a great tool for fetal delivery when the fetus cannot be repelled into the uterus.<br>KEYWORDS: Sheep, Dystocia, Fetotomy.</p> SWATI RUHIL PRAMOD KUMAR, VIKAS KHICHAR, AND TEJPAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000 1. LIFE-FORMS AND BIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM OF THE AQUATIC FLORA OF AMIRGADH TALUKA, BANASKANTHA DISTRICT, GUJARAT by J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL <p>Life form is a community is generally defined as the sum of adaptation plants to climate. Humboldt (1805) formulated the concept of life form for which he used the term ‘Vegetative form’. Since the different systems have been divided by many ecologists for the description and classification of plant life forms, (Warming, 1909; Raunkiaer, 1934; Braun-Blanquet, 1932; Christian &amp; Perry, 1935). The compared with the percentage values of different life forms in biological spectrum given by Raunkiaer.<br>KEYWORDS: Life-Forms, Biological spectrum,Aquatic flora, Amirgadh Taluka.</p> J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000 4. HANDMADE CLONING-AN ALTERNATIVE TO TRADITIONAL CLONING – A SHORT COMMUNICATION by SWATI RUHIL1, VIKAS KHICHAR2, AMIT CHOUDHARY3 <p>Since the dolly’s birth somatic cell nuclear transfer technology has been used extensively in cloning laboratories and animal clones from many species were generated in consecutive studies like cattle (Willadsen, 1986), mice (Wakayama et al., 1998), goat (Vajta et al., 2003), pig (Vajta et al., 2001), cat (Booth et al., 2001) and horse (Tatum et al., 1995). But the efficiency of the SCNT is low (Pandey et al., 2010). Handmade cloning is a new technique which enables the scientists to produce cloned animals with simple non expensive equipments because both enucleation and nuclear transfer are performed by hand (Singla et al., 2014).&nbsp;</p> SWATI RUHIL, VIKAS KHICHAR, AMIT CHOUDHA G. N. PUROHIT AND J. S. MEHTA ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000 6. ETHNOBOTANICAL USES OF AQUATIC PLANTS FROM DANTA TALUKA, BANASKANTHA DIST., GUJARAT by J.N. PATEL1 AND N.K. PATEL2 <p>The present investigation of the ethnobotanical aquatic plants growing throughout the Danta taluka of Banaskantha district was carried out. A total of 16 species under 15 genera belonging to 14 families were collected and identified. An ethnobotanical study has been carried out by the tribal, who live in dense forest far away from the hospitals. The local inhabitants have developed and preserved a very old and strong tradition for folk medicine.<br>KEY WORDS: Ethnobotany, Aquatic, Danta, Banaskantha, Gujarat.</p> J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000 5. A CONTRIBUTION TO THE FLORA OF PATAN TALUKA (NORTH GUJARAT) by BALDEV V. PANCHAL, MUKESH H. GORAKHA, JYOTSNA S. CHAUDHARY AND AARTI P. PAREKH <p>Lemna aequinoctialis Welw. is a newly observed as naturalized in Patan taluka, Gujarat, India. Description and Photographs of the plant are provided.<br>KEY WORDS: Lemna, Sarswati River, Patan, Gujarat.</p> BALDEV V. PANCHAL, MUKESH H. GORAKHA, JYOTSNA S. CHAUDHARY AND AARTI P. PAREKH ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 +0000