ETYMOLOGICAL DERIVATION OF SYNONYMS OF ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS WILLD. FROM VARIOUS NIGHANTUS
Synonyms of Shatavari with its description
Keywords:Ayurveda, Asparagus racemosus, Synonym, Nama Rupa Vijnana
The medicinal plant Asparagus racemosus commonly known as Shatavari is one among the major drug in the Ayurvedic system of medicine due to its medicinal and tonic properties. Ayurveda makes clear to the knowledge about the wholesome and unwholesome substances (food and drug) all along with their properties (Guna) and actions (Karma), which indicates the importance of Dravya- Ahara and Aushadha (food and drug substances) has its name for correct identity in Ayurveda. Paryayas (Synonyms) help in identification of medicinal plants and they are the symbols of identity to a plant. Most of the synonyms given based on the morphological structures like the shape of leaf, inflorescence, flower`s colour, shape, fruit’s sizes, structure of roots, habitat, historical importance etc. Synonyms are also given on the basis of properties (Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipaka & Prabhava), Doshaghnata (pacifying vitiated doshas) and Rogaghnata (therapeutic indications). The knowledge of various synonyms like local, regional, trade, classical synonyms, scientific names are very important to an Ayurvedic scholar, which makes him distinct than the others. The present study reveals that the critical analysis of the text and the drugs with their synonyms. Here it was studied that all the synonyms by Sanskrit- Nirukti version and suitable meaning was established. Apart from this, Ayurvedic proforma for standardization also adopted as mentioned in Vimana sthana of Charaka samhita. The species Asparagus racemosus is mostly fitted with most of the norms of Ayurvedic drug evaluation and can be considered as Shatavari.
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