2. ROLE OF FARM PONDS IN IMPROVING PRODUCTIVITYAND FARM INCOME IN DRYLAND AREA by RAVI DUPDAL1, S.L. PATIL3, B.S. NAIK2 AND RAMESHA M.N.1
Keywords:Dryland agriculture, Farm ponds, Krishi Bhagya Scheme, Run-off water, Sustainable growth
The development of holistic and sustainable growth in dryland agriculture in Karnataka, Krishi Bhagya Scheme was introduced during 2014-15. The primary objective of the scheme was to harvest surplus run-off water through dug-out farm ponds constructed under scheme for protective and life saving irrigation at critical crop stages for enhancing crop productivity and income of resource poor dryland farmers. The scheme helps to integrate different farming system such as agriculture, horticulture, fisheries and dairying for creating employment opportunities, reduction of out-migration and ultimately enhance the on-farm and off-farm income of farming communities in dryland areas. Further, farm ponds constructed under the scheme will enhance the dryland crop productivity up to 25-30 per cent as compare to existing one.
Government of Karnataka (2015). Profile of State Agriculture, 2014-15, Karnataka State Department of Agriculture, Banglaore, Karnataka.
Mishra, D. J., (2017). Revitalizing Rainfed Agriculture in India. NITI Aayog, New Delhi, Government of India.
Moulasab, Meti, S. K. and Ashoka, M. B. (2018). Krishibhagya Scheme: An Impact Study for Improvement of Livelihood of the Farmers in Hyderabad-Karnataka Region, India, Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci., Vol. 7, No. 7, 565-570.
Rajeshwari, D., Patil, B. L., Kunnal, L. B., Jaayashree, H. and Basavaraj, H. (2007). Impact Assessment of Farm-Ponds in Dharwad District of Karnataka, Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., Vol. 20, No. 2, 426-427.
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