Review Article: ENZYMATIC OIL EXTRACTION PROCESSES FROM EDIBLE AND NON EDIBLE OIL SEEDS by VIKRAM SOLANKI1, DHAVAL PRAJAPATI2 AND SHREYAS BHATT1
Keywords:Aqueous enzymatic extraction, Biodiesel, edible /non edible oil seeds, oil extrcation.
The extraction of oil from edible and non edible oilseeds by solvent extraction step by mechanical and chemical for industrial purpose. Normally, hexane is used as a solvent; this process have been operated commercially for a long time. In the past, due to use of hexane, there is chances of environmental pollution and low oil yield. So use of hexane was reduced. The present scenario to be changing. Interest in aqueous extraction processes has been becoming popular due to its environmental concern. An aqueous process is looked upon as ecofriendly technology for oil extraction.. Other advantages of the aqueous process compared with solvent-based processes include: (I) Higher extraction of edible and non edible oil and protein (2) Minimum damage of protein during extraction, and (3) Good process safety due to the minimum fire risk and explosion. Due to the solvent recovery step is elimination, aqueous extraction processes may be more cost effective. The limitations of this process are: (I) Oil extraction with minimum efficiency as reported in earlier studies and (2) Final treatment of the aqueous effluent. Enzymes are used for the improving oil yield in the aqueous processes. Specific enzymes have been tried on different oil seeds resulting in much higher oil extraction than the aqueous process. These hydrolyzing enzymes hydrolyze the polysaccharides of cell wall of oilseeds.
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