DOUBLING FARMER’S INCOME- ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN EGG PRODUCTION by MANJARI PANDEY
Poultry sector is one of the continuously and fastest growing sector in India. The growth in field of egg production is around 6%; in broiler production about 10% and the overall poultry population growth is 5%. Annual turnover from poultry section is round about Rs. 900 billion. Directly and indirectly this sector provides employment to over 6 million. The share of poultry sector in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is approximately 1% and 11.70% in the livestock GDP. According to the 19th Livestock census, 2012 total poultry population in India is 729.2 million showing an increase of 12.39% over the previous census. The share of broiler, layer, backyard poultry, duck and others in total poultry population is 38.7%, 29.4%, 29.8%, 0.68% and 1.43% respectively. Poultry sector in India can be broadly divided into two sub-sectors i.e. commercial sector (about 80% of the total market share) and backyard poultry (about 20% of the total market share). The annual per capita availability has increased from 7 eggs in 1961 to 69 eggs 2016-17 (BAH&FS, 2017). However, the present availability levels are still far below the ICMR recommendations of 180 eggs per capita per annum.