2. DIVERSITY AND STATUS OF TERRESTRIAL AVIFAUNA IN JAMWA RAMGARH WILDLIFE SANCTUARY, RAJASTHAN, INDIA by DEVENDRA KUMAR BHARDWAJ
This paper describes the Diversity and status of terrestrial avifauna in Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India, from 2009 to March 2012. During the study period 162 species of terrestrial birds belonging to 53 families and 14 orders were recorded. Muscicapidae was the most dominant family with 17 species, and its relative diversity index was also found to be the highest (relative diversity index = 10.4938). According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Two species of vultures, namely, White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis (Critically Endangered), Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus ( Endangered) reported from the Sanctuary . Painted Spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata), Rock Bush Quail (Perdicula argoondah), Rufous-tailed Lark (Ammomanes phoenicura) and White-naped Tit (Machlolophus nuchalis) are four species endemic to sanctuary has been found. Thus, the Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary supports a sound avifaunal diversity. Its proper management will not only improve the situation for its resident species, but will also attract more migratory and vagrant species. Thus the study provides a comprehensive account of the terrestrial birds observed in and around the Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India.
KEY WORDS: Terrestrial birds, diversity, endemic.