GUIDELINE AND SUBMISSION
Journal LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) concern in publishing the original research papers, review, case study, articles from contributors, and the current issues related to life science. The main objective of LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) is to provide a platform for the international scholars, academicians, and researchers to share the contemporary thoughts in the fields of life science. It also aimed to promote interdisciplinary studies in life science and thus become the leading international journal in life science in the world.
Since 2010, all papers submitted to the journal should be written in good English. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their paper checked before submission for grammar and clarity. English language and copyediting services can be provided by PETSD. The work should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. The official language of the manuscript to be published in journal LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) is English.
Please read The LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) guidelines and follow these instructions carefully. Manuscripts that not fulfill the instructions will be returned for revision without review. The Chief Executive Editor reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance with these guidelines.
All manuscripts must be submitted LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) is using Online Submission at LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) Web Portal, where authors are required to register as Author by online. If authors have any problem in registration and online submission, please contact Editorial Office at the following email: email@example.com.
LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) accepts submission for the following types.
- Regular article
Regular articles are full-length original empirical investigations and research, consisting of introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion, conclusions. Original work must provide references and an explanation on research findings that contain new and significant findings.
Note: The article should in 6 and 12 journal pages (excluding the abstract, references, tables and/or figures), a maximum of 20 references, and an abstract of 100–200 words.
- Review article
The review article is a critical evaluation of materials about current research that has already been published by organizing, integrating, and evaluating previously published materials. It summarizes the status of knowledge and outlines future directions of research within the journal scope. It aims to provide systemic overviews, evaluations, and interpretations of research in a given field. The manuscript title must start with "Review Article:".
Note: The articles is about 7-10 pages, include appropriate figures and/or tables, and an abstract of 100–200 words.
LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) emphasizes on language accuracy. It must be written in English with clear and concise grammatical English. The authors are suggested to have the manuscript checked by a colleague or reputable institution. The author must provide submission with Certificate of Check from a reputable institution. As an alternative, the author also suggests using grammar check application, such as Grammarly.
The paper should be submitted in A4 size with single column. The margin 2.5 cm for each side and 1.5 spacing throughout. The document must be in MS Word format with Times New Roman 12-point font. For detail format, refer to Paper Template (Click to download)
Title & Abstract
Title and abstract must be in one column format with following items:
This page should only contain the running title of your paper. The running title is an abbreviated title used as the running head on every page of the manuscript. The running title should not exceed 60 characters, counting letters and spaces.
Author(s) and Corresponding author information.
This page should contain the full title of your paper not exceeding 25 words, with name(s) of all the authors, institutions and corresponding author's name, institution and full address (Street address, telephone number (including extension), handphone number, and e-mail address) for editorial correspondence. First and corresponding authors must be clearly indicated.
This page should repeat the full title of your paper with only the Abstract (the abstract should be less than 250 words for a Regular Paper and up to 100 words for a Short Communication). A good abstract summarizes the complete report content, including at least one sentence per section: purpose, technical approach, results, and conclusion.
Keywords: Not more than eight keywords in alphabetical order must be provided to describe the contents of the manuscript.
Content must be in 2 columns with prepared according to IMRAD (Introduction, Methods, Results And Discussion) along with Conclusion, References, and Supplementary data (if available).
The Introduction explains the scope and objective of the study in the light of current knowledge on the subject. It is also have to mention gab analysis which describe why the research is significant. The Introduction of your report is organized as a funnel that begins with a definition of why the experiment is being performed and ends with a specific statement of your research approach. In published journal articles, there are at least two citations required in the introduction that support the need for your research and experiments, or show upon which theories your experiment relies.
Methods describes how the study was conducted; Include sufficient details for the work to be repeated. The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability. The method section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated? And, how was it analyzed? The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense.
Results section reports what was found in the study; The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation. A section describing results is particularly necessary if your paper includes data generated from your own research.
Discussion section explains meaning and significance of the results and provides suggestions for future directions of research. The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or insights about the problem after you've taken the findings into consideration. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the introduction; the discussion should always explain how your study has moved the reader's understanding of the research problem forward from where you left them at the end of the introduction.
The manuscript must be prepared according to the Journal’s instructions to authors.
Table, Figure, and Image
All tables should be prepared in a form consistent with recent issues of LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) and should be numbered consecutively with Roman numerals. The explanatory material should be given in the table legends and footnotes. Each table should be prepared on a new page, embedded in the manuscript.
Note: When a manuscript is submitted for publication, tables must also be submitted separately as data - .doc, .rtf, Excel or PowerPoint files- because tables submitted as image data cannot be edited for publication and are usually in low-resolution.
Submit an original figure or photograph. Line drawings must be clear, with high black and white contrast. Each figure or photograph should be prepared on a new page, embedded in the manuscript for reviewing to keep the file of the manuscript under 5 MB. These should be numbered consecutively with Roman numerals.
Figures or photographs must also be submitted separately as TIFF, JPEG, or Excel files- because figures or photographs submitted in low-resolution embedded in the manuscript cannot be accepted for publication. For electronic figures, create your figures using applications that are capable of preparing high-resolution TIFF files. In general, we require 300 dpi or higher resolution for colored and half-tone artwork, and 1200 dpi or higher for line drawings are required.
NOTE: Failure to comply with these specifications will require new figures and delay in publication.
General rules on Figures and Tables
- All Figures and Tables should be numbered sequentially (e.g. Table 1, Table 2 etc.) and cite each one in your writing as Table 1 or Figure 1.
- All tables should be referenced in the text of the paper and in the reference list.
- Each table should have an individual title. Each word in the title should be italicized and capitalized except with, of, in, and, etc.
A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research. For most essays, one well-developed paragraph is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, a two or three paragraph conclusion may be required.
References begin on their own page and are listed in alphabetical order by the first author's last name. Only references cited within the text should be included. Ensure that in-text (Citation) references are quoted as per the APA in-text citation style. All references should be in 12-point font and double-spaced. We strongly suggest the writer uses reference manager, such as Mendeley.
Abbreviations: Define alphabetically, other than abbreviations that can be used without definition. Words or phrases that are abbreviated in the introduction and following text should be written out in full the first time that they appear in the text, with each abbreviated form in parenthesis. Include the common name or scientific name, or both, of animal and plant materials.
Acknowledgements: Individuals and entities that have provided essential support such as research grants and fellowships and other sources of funding should be acknowledged. Contributions that do not involve researching (clerical assistance or personal acknowledgments) should not appear in acknowledgments.
Authors’ Affiliation: The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved to another institution, the current address may also be stated in the footer.
Co-Authors: The commonly accepted guideline for authorship is that one must have substantially contributed to the development of the paper and share accountability for the results. Researchers should decide who will be an author and what order they will be listed depending upon their order of importance to the study. Other contributions should be cited in the manuscript's Acknowledgements.
Copyright Permissions: Authors should seek necessary permissions for quotations, artwork, boxes or tables taken from other publications or from other freely available sources on the Internet before submission to LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL). The acknowledgment must be given to the original source in the illustration legend, in a table footnote, or at the end of the quotation.
Footnotes: Current addresses of authors if different from heading may be inserted here.
Page Numbering: Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc. should be numbered.
Spelling: The journal uses American or British spelling and authors may follow the latest edition of the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary for British spellings. We suggest the author to use grammar checker, such as Grammarly or Whitesmoke.
SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS
Authors must submit the following items
Ensure your MS has followed the LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL) style (template) particularly the first four pages as explained earlier. The article should be written in a good academic style and provide an accurate and succinct description of the contents ensuring that grammar and spelling errors have been corrected before submission. It should also not exceed the suggested length.
- SUPPLEMENTARY DOCUMENTS
Supplementary documents including the following items:
- COVER LETTER: All submissions must be accompanied by a cover letter detailing what you are submitting. Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that the article is original and the content has not been published either in English or any other language(s) or submitted for publication elsewhere. The letter should also briefly describe the research you are reporting, why it is important, and why you think the readers of the journal would be interested in it. The cover letter must also contain an acknowledgment that all authors have contributed significantly and that all authors have approved the paper for release and are in agreement with its content. The cover letter of the paper should contain (i) the title; (ii) the full names of the authors; (iii) the addresses of the institutions at which the work was carried out together with (iv) the full postal and email address, plus telephone numbers and emails of all the authors. The current address of any author, if different from that where the work was carried out, should be supplied in a footnote. The above must be stated in the cover letter. Submission of your manuscript will not be accepted until a cover letter has been received.
- DECLARATION FORM: Fill the form and signed by the corresponding author.
Scan the signed documents and upload as "Supplementary Files"
Please do not submit manuscripts to the editor-in-chief or to any other office directly. Any queries must be directed to the Chief Executive Editor's office via email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
HARDCOPIES OF THE JOURNALS AND OFF PRINTS
Under the Journal’s open access initiative, authors can choose to download free material (via PDF link) from any of the journal issues from LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL)’s website http://LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS (LSL).fib.unand.ac.id under “Current Issues” or “Archives".