The Aliphatic Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction


  • Mukta Jain S.S.JAIN Subodh P.G.Autonomous College Ragbag circle Jaipur Rajasthan


Nucleophilic Reaction, SN1, SN2, anions, carbon-Hydrogen Bond etc.


Nucleophilic substitution reactions (SN1 and SN2) are fundamental processes in organic chemistry, wherein a nucleophile replaces a leaving group in a molecule. The SN1 mechanism involves a two-step process, where the leaving group departs first, generating a carbocation intermediate, which is then attacked by the nucleophile. This mechanism proceeds via a carbocation intermediate and is fevered in polar protic solvents and with tertiary substrates. Conversely, the SN2 mechanism involves a concerted, one-step process where the nucleophile attacks the substrate while the leaving group departs simultaneously. SN2 reactions are fevered in polar aprotic solvents and with primary substrates due to their concerted nature. Both mechanisms play crucial roles in synthetic chemistry, providing access to a wide range of organic compounds with diverse functionalities. Understanding the factors governing these reactions is essential for predicting reaction outcomes and designing efficient synthetic routes.


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How to Cite

Jain, M. (2024). The Aliphatic Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction. INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, 43, 17–37. Retrieved from