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A NEW SPECIES OF GERANIUM L.(GERANIACEAE)FROM MOUNT ABU, RAJASTHAN, INDIA by LANCELOT D’CRUZ, SANTOSH YADAV AND RASHMI YADAV http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1361 <p>A field excursion in the Aravalli hill region of Mount Abu, Rajasthan has revealed the occurrence of an interesting species of <em>Geranium </em>L. which after detailed study has been recorded as a new species for Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India. A detailed description, photograph and illustration is provided to facilitate its identification.</p> LANCELOT D’CRUZ*, SANTOSH YADAV** AND RASHMI YADAV*** ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-01 2018-12-01 106 01 TO 04 01 TO 04 2. EFFICACY OF FUNGICIDES AGAINST RHIZOCTONIA SOLANI CAUSING BLACK SCURF OF POTATO by SANJAY KUMAR GOSWAMI1, SAKET KUMAR2, VINEETA SINGH3 AND THIND TS4 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1362 <p>Black scurf is one of the important diseases of potato caused by <em>Rhizoctonia solani</em> AG3. The efficacy of Monceren 250 SC (pencycuron), Amistar 25 SC (azoxystrobin), Luster 37.5% SE (carbendazim 25%+flusilazole 12.5%), UPF-106, Hexadhan 5 EC (hexaconazole), Score 25EC (difenoconazole), Tilt 25 EC (propiconazole), Boric acid, Indofil M-45 (mancozeb 75WP), Emisan-6 and<sub>&nbsp; </sub>Quental 50WP (iprodion25%+carbendazim25%)&nbsp; was tested against black scurf of potato. Monceren 250 SC and Amistar 25 SC fungicides control the disease completely. Luster 37.5% SE, UPF-106 and Quental 50WP treated plots produced 4.8, 4.0 and 4.4% disease severity respectively as compared to 17.7 % in control.&nbsp; While, Boric acid, Indofil M-45, Emisan-6, Tilt 25EC, Score 25 EC and Hexadhan 5 EC treated plots produced disease severity in the range of 1.0 to 6.2%.</p> SANJAY KUMAR GOSWAMI1, SAKET KUMAR2, VINEETA SINGH3 AND THIND TS4 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-01 2018-12-01 106 05 TO 09 05 TO 09 3. ENDOSCOPIC ASSISTED RETRIEVAL OF SEWING NEEDLE IN A DOG by SANDEEP SAHARAN1, RAM NIWAS2, RIBU VARGHESE MATHEW2 AND VISHAL KHOKHAR2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1363 <p>Foreign body ingestion is a common complaint among the pet owners. This is because of their indiscriminate feeding habit and playful behaviour. A two-year-old male dog was brought to Veterinary Clinical Complex with the signs of retching, pawing at mouth, hypersalivation and restlessness having the history of ingestion of a sewing needle few hours before presentation. Radiographic examination revealed the presence of the foreign object in the pharyngeal region. Under general anaesthesia, endoscopic assisted retrieval of the sewing needle was performed.</p> SANDEEP SAHARAN1, RAM NIWAS2, RIBU VARGHESE MATHEW2* AND VISHAL KHOKHA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-01 2018-12-01 106 10 TO 13 10 TO 13 4. SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF FETAL MACERATION THROUGH LEFT FLANK CAESAREAN SECTION IN A HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN COW by GYAN SINGH, RAVI DUTT1, JASMER DALAL1, S PATIL1 AND V.K. JAIN http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1364 <p>A five years aged Holstein Friesian cow (OPD No. 5824, Dated: 5.12.2017) was brought to the Veterinary Clinical Complex of LUVAS with the history of seven months pregnancy and cervico-vaginal mucopurulent discharge for last 10 says. Per-rectal examination revealed enlarged uterus with doughy consistency. Per-vaginal examination revealed 3 fingers dilated cervix. Trans-rectal real time B – mode ultrasonography revealed hyperechoic impressions of bony parts of the fetus. Parenteral treatment with Valethamate bromide, Estradiol benzoate, PGF<sub>2α</sub>, and Calcium boro-gluconate failed to dilate the cervix after 24 hours of treatment and finally laparohysterotomy from left flank region was carried out to deliver the macerated fetus.</p> GYAN SINGH*, RAVI DUTT1, JASMER DALAL1, S PATIL1 AND V.K. JAIN ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-01 2018-12-01 106 14 TO 17 14 TO 17 103-365.EFFECTOFABIOTICFACTORSONPOPULATIONFLUCTUATIONOFMELONFLYBactroceracucurbitaeCoquillettByF.K.CHAUDHARYANDG.M.PATEL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1324 <p>Population of male melon fly fluctuated throughout the year with peak population during July –<br>September and February – March. During the hot (May) and cold (January) months of the year, its<br>population was quite low. Correlation coefficient values indicated that all the weather parameters<br>(except sunshine hours) showed positive influence having very profound effect in the<br>multiplication and outbreak of the melon fly during different months of the year whereas,<br>sunshine hours has detrimental effect on population build up male melon fly.</p> F. K. CHAUDHARY AND G. M. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 106 365 to 369 365 to 369 105-377.ENHANCEDGROWTHOFVIGNAACONITIFOLIAMEDIATEDBYPSEUDOMONASSPP.ANEFFICIENTPHOSPHATESOLUBILIZERByA.P.PATHAKAMITKULKARNIA.G.SARDARANDS.MOHANKARUPPAYIL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1326 <p>Fifteen phosphate solubilising bacteria (PSB) were isolated from rhizosphere of various crop<br>plants. Efficiency of phosphate solubilisation was determined to select most efficient phosphate<br>solubiliser amongst these isolates. Highest phosphate solubilisation was observed by isolate PSB1<br>and PSB2. Morphological and biochemical characterisation of isolates was carried out and both<br>were identified as Pseudomonas spp1. Effect of PSB 1 was determined on percent seed<br>germination, development of radical, plumule and foliage growth of Vigna aconitifolia. 20 % rise<br>in seed germination and three fold enhancements in overall growth were observed in Vigna<br>aconitifolia plants, treated with our inoculum.<br>KEY WORDS: PSB, Vigna aconitifolia, PGPR, Bioinoculum.</p> A.P. PATHAK , AMIT KULKARNI A.G. SARDAR AND S. MOHAN KARUPPAYIL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 106 377 to 380 377 to 380 1. AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF CROP PRODUCTION IN DRYLAND AGRICULTURE OF ANDHRA PRADESH by K. SUSEELA1 AND M. CHANDRASEKARAN2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1356 <p>The study examined the profitability of dryland crops of Andhra Pradesh. The results of the Analysis of relative profitability of the seven crops raised by the sample farmers in the three dryland agricultural districts would ultimately reveal that bengal gram and cotton were relatively more profitable crops in spite of having relatively higher costs of cultivation with the exception of tobacco across districts. Prakasam district performed relatively better in terms of yield and returns of the crops grown compared to other districts. Ananthapur showed the least performance in terms of yield and returns of the crops grown in relation to other districts.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Andhra Pradesh, CACP Approach, Dryland, Major crops, Profitability.</em></p> K. SUSEELA1* M. CHANDRASEKARAN2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 106 01 to 16 01 to 16 2. DIVERSITY AND STATUS OF TERRESTRIAL AVIFAUNA IN JAMWA RAMGARH WILDLIFE SANCTUARY, RAJASTHAN, INDIA by DEVENDRA KUMAR BHARDWAJ http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1357 <p>This paper describes the Diversity and status of terrestrial avifauna in Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India, from 2009 to March&nbsp; 2012. During the study period 162 species of terrestrial birds belonging to 53 families and 14 orders were recorded. Muscicapidae was the most dominant family with 17 species, and its relative diversity index was also found to be the highest (relative diversity index = 10.4938). According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Two species of vultures, namely, White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis (Critically Endangered), Egyptian Vulture <em>Neophron percnopterus</em> ( Endangered) reported from the Sanctuary . Painted Spurfowl (<em>Galloperdix lunulata</em>), Rock Bush Quail (<em>Perdicula argoondah</em>), Rufous-tailed Lark (<em>Ammomanes phoenicura</em>) and White-naped Tit (<em>Machlolophus nuchalis</em>) are four species endemic to sanctuary has been found. Thus, the Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary supports a sound avifaunal diversity. Its proper management will not only improve the situation for its resident species, but will also attract more migratory and vagrant species. Thus the study provides a comprehensive account of the terrestrial birds observed in and around the Jamwa Ramgarh&nbsp; Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Terrestrial birds, diversity, endemic.</em></p> DEVENDRA KUMAR BHARDWAJ ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 106 17 to 29 17 to 29 1. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT IN PERSPECTIVE OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR - AN OVERVIEW by SIMRAN SINGH1, DIBYENDU CHAKRABORTY2,HARSHIT VERMA3 AND NAZAM KHAN4 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1351 <p>Livestock plays a vital role in the agricultural sector in developing nations. The inquisition on climate change and its implications is the focus of much scientific interest as it poses alarming threats to the development of livestock arena. Climate is a critical factor for production and reproduction in farm animals. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presages that by the 2100 the increase in global temperature may be between 1.8˚C and 4.0˚C. With increases of 1.5˚C to 2.5˚C, approximately 20 to 30 % of plant and animal species are exposed to the risk of extinction with dire outcomes for food security. The development of an action plan by different disciplines in coorporation is crucial considering the increasing food demand of the human population as well as can provide an adequate response to the challenges of climate change.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Livestock, Climate change, Production, Reproduction, Food demand.</em></p> DIBYENDU CHAKRABORTY2* ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-01 2018-10-01 106 01 to 09 01 to 09 2. IN SILICO STUDY TOWARDS UNDERSTANDING THE STABILITY AND REACTIVITY OF JASMONIC ACID AND METHYL JASMONATE STEREOISOMERS FOR PLANT DEFENSE PROCESS by RUMA GANGULY AND SAILESH K. MEHTA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1352 <p>The stereoisomers of Jasmonic acid and its derivative Methyl Jasmonate are known in the literature. The reactivity of these compounds varies with the substitutions at their chiral centers. Reports on the stability of such stereoisomers and their reactivity are scarce in the literature. We report the stability of the isomers of Jasmonic acid and its derivative Methyl Jasmonate computationally using Semi-empirical and DFT methods. The computed results suggest that there is predominance of trans- isomer in terms of energy and stability in unsubstituted Jasmonic acid and trans-isomer in plants seem to react with the specific receptor molecule. The unsubstituted Methyl Jasmonate cis-isomer is found to be stable compared to the trans-isomer and the energy difference between cis-isomer and trans- isomer is within the range of ~2.0 KJ/mol in the gas phase and aqueous medium.&nbsp; The experimental reports reveal that there is presence of 5-10% cis-isomers in the equilibrated mixture.[12] Therefore, it appears that the activity of unsubstituted Methyl Jasmonate presumably governed by the presence of its cis- and trans- forms to interact with respective/specific receptor. The bioassay&nbsp; for the induction of genes encoding Jasmonate inducible proteins(JIPs) in barley by&nbsp; Waard et al. (1997) reported that the cis- /trans mixture of 3-Me-Methyl Jasmonate is&nbsp; inactive[12] and the steric effect caused by presence of the bulky&nbsp; methyl group at C-3 position as the reason behind&nbsp; the inactivity. In our computational results, we have seen increase in the atomic distance between the side chains in trans-isomers in both Jasmonic acid and in Methyl Jasmonate after the addition of the methyl group at C-3 position of the cyclopentanone ring. This influences the volume of the molecules and hinders interaction with the specific receptor in receptor binding.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>In Silico Study, Jasmonic acid, Methyl Jasmonate Stereoisomers, Plant Defense.</em></p> RUMA GANGULY* AND SAILESH K. MEHTA* ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-01 2018-10-01 106 10 to 19 10 to 19 3. NON-SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF DYSTOCIA DUE TO UTERINE TORSION IN A MEHSANA BUFFALO by S. M. KALASWA, T. V. SUTARIA, H. C. NAKHASHI, B. N. SUTHAR, V. L. SOLANKI, H. K.THUMAR AND M. R. PATEL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1353 <p>The present communication report a case of maternal dystocia due to post-cervical right side uterine torsion in a pluriparous Mehsana buffalo was treated successfully by adopting modified Schaffer's detorsion method followed by obstetrical procedure with delivered a dead male emphysematous calf. Then the buffalo was post-medicated with various fluids, analgesic, antibiotic and antihistamine parentally apart from intra-uterine passaries which resulted to normal health of affected Mehsana buffalo within few days.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Mehsana </em><em>buffalo, Dystocia, Uterine torsion, Modified schaffer’s method, Dead male emphysematous fetus.</em></p> S. M. KALASWA* ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-01 2018-10-01 106 20 to 26 20 to 26 1. DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT OF SCHISTOSOMA SPINDALE INFECTION IN BUFFALO -A CASE REPORT by http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1343 <p>Schistosomiasis is a snail-brone treamatodal infection of domestic animals and man which is prevalent in different parts of Asia. <em>Schistosoma spindale</em> is characterized by frequent diarrhea with blood and mucus, severe dehydration, weight loss and weakness in animals. A case of buffalo was presented at Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Deesa with complain of chronic diarrhea, weight loss and weakness. Fecal sample was collected from rectum and examined by direct method and it revealed eggs of Schistosoma spp. Praziquintal is consider as a drug of choice for treatment of Schistosomiasis but due to unavailability of large animal preparation animal was treated with lithium antimony tartrate.&nbsp; Animal showed decrease frequency of diarrhea, blood and improvement in condition.</p> 1A. S. PRAJAPATI*, 1A. N. SUTHAR, 2 BHUPAMANI DAS, 1K.D. PATEL AND 1K. M. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 106 2. SEED GERMINATION WITH INFLUENCE OF OMKARA by ITAGI RAVI KUMAR1 AND MALLINA KARTHIK2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1344 <p><em>Mantras</em> are not philosophies developed by human intellect or mind. They were revealed to great ancient sages when they tuned themselves into the universal energy following their profound meditation and austerity. <em>Mantra</em> increases plants growth and their positive energy has spiritual and healing properties. In the beginning, <em>om</em> is supposed to have been the first vibratory sound that emanated as the seed of creation. <em>Om</em> is a <em>bija</em> <em>mantra</em> for all the other <em>mantras</em>, whether <em>vaidika</em> or <em>tantrika</em>. The design of the experiment consists of two samples: <em>mantra</em> and control. Each sample contained a total of 600 fenugreek. Five replications were conducted with 120 seeds in each. <em>Omkara</em> <em>mantra</em> was chanted for 108 times for treatment sample, twice a day at sunrise and at sunset for two days. The control sample was kept under normal conditions. The result showed that treatment sample with <em>omkara</em> has 5.5% more germination, with exponential significance in radical length, 0.25 gm more in fresh weight of germinated seed and 0.47 gm more in dry weight of germinated seeds with respect to control.</p> ITAGI RAVI KUMAR*1 AND MALLINA KARTHIK2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 106 3. A NEW RECORD FOR PATAN DISTRICT - COMMELINA SUFFRUTICOSA BLUME. by B.V. PANCHAL, N.N. PATEL, N.J. PATEL, R.P. PATEL, H.H. PATEL AND J.N. PATEL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1345 <p>The paper deal with native species of Angiosperm belonging to&nbsp; Commelinaceae&nbsp; family&nbsp; is&nbsp; reported&nbsp; as&nbsp; an&nbsp; addition&nbsp; to the flora of Patan district. The paper also envisages ephemeral citation, detailed description of flowering and fruiting time notes along&nbsp; with photographs is also provided.</p> <p><em>Commelina</em> is a genus of approximately 170 species (efloraofindia). Commonly called dayflowers due to the short lives of their flowers. They are less often known as widow's tears. It is by far the largest genus of its family Commelinaceae.</p> <p>The Patan is historical place. It has so many historical importance. It is situated in the northern Gujarat region of Gujarat state. Earlier recorded 396 angiosperm plant species from Patan district (N.K. Patel and A.J. Parmar, 2011). A survey has been conducted in all areas of Patan district to collect the information about angiospermic plants. During the study, we located and identified new species of <em>commelina suffruticosa </em>from the HNGU campus, Patan.</p> B.V. PANCHAL, N.N. PATEL, N.J. PATEL, R.P. PATEL, H.H. PATEL AND J.N. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 106 4. HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF BALIOSPERMUM AXILLARE ROOT ON EXPERIMENTAL LIVER INJURY IN RATS by DURGA K. MEWARA1, RUCHI SINGH1, KUMUD TANWAR1, MRIDULA SHARMA1,M.C. SHARMA1 AND R.S. GUPTA2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1346 <p>The present experimental study was to evaluate the methanol extract of root of <em>B. axillare </em>for hepatoprotective activity against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in experimental rats. <em>B. axillare </em>root extract exhibited significant (P<u>&lt;</u>0.001) hepatoprotective activity by reducing carbon tetrachloride-induced change in biochemical parameters that was evident by antioxidants and enzymatic examinations. The plant root extract may interfere with free radical formation, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, which may conclude as hepatoprotective agent. The results were comparable with the standard drug silymarin. From this extract, the active constituents-stigmasterol, ceryl alcohol, octacosanol-1, b-sitosterol, betulin, betulinic acid and lupeol were isolated by IR, <sup>1</sup>H NMR, <sup>13</sup>C NMR and MS studies. Chronic toxicological studies revealed that the LD<sub>50</sub> value is more than the dose of 3g/kg body weight.</p> DURGA K. MEWARA1, RUCHI SINGH1, KUMUD TANWAR1, MRIDULA SHARMA1 M.C. SHARMA1 AND R.S. GUPTA*2 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 106 72-133.AVAILABILITYOFHEAVYMETALSINAMARANTHUSSPINOSAANDAMARANTHUSSPECIOSADUETOSABARMATIRIVERWATERPOLLUTIONByANILKUMARSHRIVASTAVA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1293 <p>Aquatic and semi-aquatic plants are suffered due to Sabarmati river water and sediments<br>which passes through the Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad. Nabhoi village situated at<br>Gandhinagar is less polluted locality while Vadaj situated at Ahmedabad is comparatively<br>more polluted locality of the research study. Heavy metals like Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn etc. are<br>available in water though which they enter in leaf and stem of Amaranthus spinosa and<br>Amaranthus speciosa. Heavy metals were analysed through Atomic Absorption<br>Spectrophotometer (AAS). Amaranthus spinosa leaves which was collected from less<br>polluted locality has 12.1632 ppm Fe, 0.9912 ppm Zn, 0.2117 ppm Cu, 1.4109 ppm Mn,<br>while collected from more polluted locality has 10.6236 ppm Fe, 0.9998 ppm Zn, 0.2449<br>ppm Cu, 2.0002 ppm Mn. Amaranthus spinosa stem which was collected from less polluted<br>locality has 2.1132 ppm Fe, 0.3812 ppm Zn, 0.2112 ppm Cu, 1.9216 ppm Mn, while<br>collected from more polluted locality has 3.4566 ppm Fe, 0.4613 ppm Zn, 0.2449 ppm Cu,<br>2.1003 ppm Mn. Amaranthus speciosa leaves which was collected from less polluted locality<br>has 9.1262 ppm Fe, 0.9885 ppm Zn, 0.1764 ppm Cu, 1.4248 ppm Mn, while collected from<br>more polluted locality has 5.3496 ppm Fe, 0.9925 ppm Zn, 0.2737 ppm Cu, 1.6259 ppm Mn.<br>Amaranthus speciosa stem which was collected from less polluted locality has 1.9296 ppm<br>Fe, 0.3799 ppm Zn, 0.2113 ppm Cu, 0.9213 ppm Mn, while collected from more polluted<br>locality has 2.1619 ppm Fe, 0.4692 ppm Zn, 0.4225 ppm Cu, 0.9398 ppm Mn. Amaranthus<br>spinosa is more sensitive, while Amaranthus speciosa is less sensitive towards pollution in<br>terms of heavy metals depositions.<br>KEY WORDS: Heavy metals, Amaranthus Spinosa, Amaranthus Speciosa, Sabarmati River,<br>Water Pollution.</p> ANIL KUMAR SHRIVASTAVA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-28 2018-08-28 106 113 to 141 113 to 141 1. SEED GERMINATION (PHYTOTOXICITY INDEX) OF END PRODUCT OF COMPOSTING OF POULTRY FARM WASTE by I.A. BABA1, M.T. BANDAY1, H.M. KHAN3, A.A. KHAN3, AND Z. H. MUNSHI4 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1338 <p>The present study was conducted in the Division of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (SKUAST- Kashmir) to assess the seed germination (phytotoxicity index) of the end product of composting of poultry form waste under the agroclimatic conditions of Kashmir Valley. Poultry farm waste in the form of poultry carcass (dead birds) and poultry litter was selected for this purpose. Four treatment recipes formulated for composting were: T<sub>1</sub>: Poultry carcass + Poultry litter, T<sub>2</sub>: Poultry carcass + Poultry litter + Paddy straw, T<sub>3</sub>: Poultry carcass + Poultry litter + Effective Microbes and T<sub>4</sub>: Poultry carcass + Poultry litter + Paddy straw + Effective Microbes. <strong>S</strong>ignificantly (P<u>&lt;</u>0.05) highest and lowest seed germination of 75.66 and 63.66 per cent respectively were observed in treatment groups T<sub>4</sub> and T<sub>2</sub> respectively during summer season and 71.33 and 65.91 per cent in T<sub>4</sub> and T<sub>1</sub> respectively during winter season. It was concluded that sufficient amount of seed germination index was achieved that indicated a much reduction of phytotoxins in the compost.</p> I.A. BABA1*, M.T. BANDAY1, H.M. KHAN3, A.A. KHAN3, AND Z. H. MUNSHI4 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 106 2. COMPATIBILITY STUDIES OF FODDER CROPS WITH MELIA DUBIA CAV. by K. KARTHIKEYAN, R. JUDE SUDHAGAR, S. RADHAKRISHNAN AND C. CINTHIA FERNANDAZ http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1339 <p>A field experiment was conducted during 2017-1018 at Forest College and Research Institute, Mettupalayam with the clonal variety of <em>Melia dubia </em>MTP 2. Cumbu Napier Hybrid Co (BN) 5, Guinea grass CO (GG) 3, Lucerne, Hedge Lucerne and Stylosanthes were grown as intercrops under <em>Melia dubia </em>MTP 2. Investigations were carried out to assess the growth performance of <em>Melia dubia </em>under silvipastoral system to elicit information on superior crop combinations. Results revealed that the combination of <em>Melia</em> + Hedge Lucerne proved superior. The current study concludes that compared to monocropping of <em>Melia</em>, <em>Melia</em> + Hedge Lucerne combination was identified as promising silvipastoral model.</p> K. KARTHIKEYAN, R. JUDE SUDHAGAR, S. RADHAKRISHNAN AND C. CINTHIA FERNANDA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 106 3. GROWTH PERFORMANCE, VARIABILITY AND HERITABILITY STUDIES IN MELIA DUBIA CAV. by M.SATHYA AND K.T. PARTHIBAN http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1340 <p>The increasing demand for wood and wood products in the country has attracted promotion of Agroforestry on a commercial scale. However, for want of suitable fast growing species with higher productivity, the achievement in organized agroforestry promotion is dismally modest. Under such circumstances, <em>Melia dubia</em> has been identified as a potential fast growing tree species amenable for incorporation in the various Agroforestry systems. The species exhibited multifarious industrial utility and its various suitable for plywood, pulp and paper production. Hence, systematic tree improvement programme has been initiated which included evaluation of sixteen clones. The clones registered significant variation for growth attributes. Among the clones evaluated, the potential of clone MD 26 is very well witnessed due to increased height, basal diameter and volume Index. This clone could be adopted immediately in agroforestry programme. The variability estimates indicated increased phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) compared to the corresponding genotypic coefficient of variation indicating the role environment in growth and development. Almost all the growth attributes exhibited higher heritability estimates and could play a better role in Melia improvement programme. In a holistic perspective, the current study identified MD 26 as a potential clone for adoption in industrial agroforestry plantation development.</p> M.SATHYA* AND K.T. PARTHIBAN* ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 106 4. CONSTRAINTS FACED BY LIVESTOCK FARMERS IN ADOPTION OF DAIRY FARMING TECHNOLOGIES IN BHAVNAGAR DISTRICT OF GUJARAT by N.H. JOSHI1, S.M. PRAJAPATI1 AND A.C. VAIDYA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1341 <p>India has apex position in livestock population and milk production in the world, but per capita milk production is low due to certain reasons. In India, most of livestock farmers belong to small house hold farming community and carrying out traditional practices. This study was carried out to know the main constraints faced by the livestock farmers in adopting dairy farming technology at grass root level. Study was limited to only twenty (20) villages of the Mahuwa taluka of Bhavnagar district in Gujarat. From each village, ten (10) farmers were randomly interviewed and thus it comprises of total two hundred (200). The study was carried out by using an ex-post facto design. About half of the farmers belonged to middle age group and had primary level education. Most of them had large family size and belongs to joint family. Majority of livestock farmers kept buffalo as a livelihood source. Nearly half of them had small land holding with medium (Rs.80, 001 to 2, 50,000) annual income. Major constraints found during this study were high cost of technology, high expenses in other inputs of livestock farming, low profit in dairy farming, poor economic condition and small herd size.</p> N.H. JOSHI1, S.M. PRAJAPATI1 AND A.C. VAIDYA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 106 5. USEFULNESS OF LATEST SOCIAL MEDIA IN VETERINARY FIELD AS FELT BY VETERINARIANS by N.H. JOSHI1, S.M. PRAJAPATI1 AND A.C. VAIDYA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1342 <p>Veterinarians play a vital role in rural sector by not only treating and curing the diseases, but by acting as opinion leaders for livestock farming community. To enable the livestock farmers for adopting the latest technology, veterinarians need to have proper dissemination tools like latest social media. Two to three (2-3) veterinarians were chosen randomly from each district of Gujarat state thus constituting a sample size of seventy (70). Usefulness of latest social media was measured under three categories i.e. communication aspect, usefulness aspect and knowledge aspect. Major findings of the study were more than two fifth (44.29 per cent) of the respondents belonged to middle age group and three fifth (60.00 per cent) of them were veterinary science graduates, while more than one third (37.15 per cent) of them had high to very high level of experience in the veterinary field. Slightly less than half (48.56 per cent) veterinarians belonged to government and more than two fifth (44.28 per cent) of them had medium annual income between rupees five to ten (5,00,001 to 10,00,000) lakh. Most of the respondents were using the WhatsApp, Google+ and Facebook daily. Frequency of using YouTube, Twitter and LinkedIn were observed less, as most of them were not using these for professional use. The main usefulness of latest social media as felt by respondents was a more users friendly (1<sup>st</sup> rank). It was also felt that latest social media is useful to take help for emergency cases (2<sup>nd</sup> rank), latest social media makes communication speedy and easy (3<sup>rd</sup> rank) and virtual groups on latest social media are one of the standard sources for information (4<sup>th</sup> group).</p> N.H. JOSHI1, S.M. PRAJAPATI1 AND A.C. VAIDYA* ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 106 3. ISOLATION OF PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZING BACTERIA FROM RHIZOSPHERE OF BT COTTON PLANT GROWN IN MEHSANA DISTRICT, NORTH GUJARAT by PARMAR, H. B.,1 RAOL, B.V.2 AND ACHARYA, P.B.1 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1180 <p>Phosphorus is one of the major nutrients which play an indispensable biochemical role in photosynthesis, respiration, energy storage and transfer, cell division, cell enlargement and several other processes in the living plant. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) can solubilize different forms of inorganic phosphates. A total of twenty nine (29) phosphate solubilizing bacteria were isolated from the six (06) rhizospheric sample of BT cotton plant of Mehsana District, Gujarat. Out of 29 isolates; 14 isolates show remarkable zone of solubilization. The zone of solubilization was studied on pikovskaya’s agar and quantitative phosphate solubilization was carried out by vanado- molybdate method. Burkholderia latens showed the maximum phosphate solubilization index 4.27 ± 0.094 in PVK agar plates along with phosphate solubilizing activity 328.7 ± 7.13 μg mL-1 in PVK broth and pH of the medium decreased upto 4.14 ± 0.067. However, the isolate PSB-3 shows the least solubilizing activity. Potent isolates show good phosphate solubilizing ability and thus were found potential further used as biofertilizers agents.<br>KEY WORD: Phosphate Solubilizing bacteria, Burkholderia latens, Bt Cotton, Rhizosphere.</p> PARMAR, H. B., RAOL B.V. AND ACHARYA, P.B. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 106 14 to 21 14 to 21 7. DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF CLIMBING PLANTS IN TROPICAL EVERGREEN FOREST OF NORTH ANDAMAN ISLANDS_ INDIA By ASHUTOSH GHOSH http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/729 <p>The present study examined the floristic diversity, dominance, abundance and IVI of climbers and lianas species in the tropical evergreen vegetation in North Andaman forest. A total of 1098 climbing plants belonging to 115 species, 77 genera, and 34 families were identified. These consisted of 67 liana and 48 herbaceous climber species. Stem twinning was the most predominant (44.35%) climbing mechanism. The dominant species recorded from this forest were Calamus andamanicus (IVI-16.7), Gnetum scandens (IVI-10.75) and Calamus viminalis (IVI-10.05) respectively. Most of the species were randomly distributed whereas some showed clumped distribution.<br>KEY WORDS: Diversity, Climbing plants, Evergreen, Andaman.</p> ASHUTOSH GHOSH ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-04 2018-07-04 106 40 to 51 40 to 51 2. ECO FRIENDLY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR CONTROLING BROWN SPOT DISEASE IN RICE By M. SRINIVASARAO_ M. PRAMANICK_ A. HALDER http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/765 <p>Brown spot of paddy (Helminthosporium oryzae) is prevalent in all rice growing areas of the country especially in heavy monsoon areas of West Bengal. The indiscriminate use of chemical fungicides to control the disease is not only hazardous to living beings but also adversely affects the environment. Successful control of the diseases by different tree biomass and by using bio control agents which had no adverse effect on the environment is one of the challenging objectives in organic farming. The present research work has been carried out at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, “C” block farm, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, during Kharif 2013 with the objective to assess the effect of different organic nutrient and plant protection management practices to control the brown spot disease in rice crop. The results revealed that combination of Seed treatment with Brahmastra + Foliar spray with Brahmastra and seed treatment with Brahmastra + Trichoderma harzianum soil application @ 130 kg ha-1 was recorded significantly lower brown spot disease intensity with organic nutrient management levels of vermi compost @ 30 kg N ha-1 + Mustard cake @ 30 kg N ha-1 as compared to the control and it was observed that it reduces approximately 10 – 19 % disease intensity as compared to control.<br>KEY WORDS: Brahamstra, Brown spot of rice, Disease intensity, Trichoderma harzianum.</p> M. SRINIVASARAO, M. PRAMANICK, A. HALDER AND S. DAS ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-04 2018-07-04 106 9 to 15 9 to 15 7.WATER CHEMISTRY OF HAZRATBAL BASIN OF DAL LAKE IN KASHMIR By P.S.A. KANUE_ S. MUNSHI_ S.M. ZUBAIR AND HARISH CHANDER DUTT http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/509 <p>This paper reports a study carried out in the Hazratbal Basin of Dal Lake, Kashmir. The study encompasses the analysis carried out on water samples from four sites of Hazratbal basin. The data collected indicates that world famous Dal Lake is undergoing a fast eutrophication due to pollution caused by agricultural practices in the catchment area which has subsequently enriched the lake water with enormous inputs of fertilizers, nutrient content, organic matter from both autochthonous and allochthonous modes etc.<br><strong><em>KEY WORD: </em></strong><em>Hazratbal Basin, Eutrophic, Dal Lake.</em></p> P.S.A. KANUE, S. MUNSHI, S.M. ZUBAIR AND HARISH CHANDER DUTT  ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-02 2018-07-02 106 89 to 95 89 to 95 3. EFFECT OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS ON INITIAL FRUIT SET, FRUIT SET RETENTION AND FRUIT DROP OF INDIAN BER (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.) by SURESH KUMAR1, UPESH KUMAR 2 AND PREM NARESH3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1271 <p>An investigations were undertaken to find out the effect of plant growth regulators (NAA, GA3 and 2,4,5-T ) along with control and water spray replicated thrice in CR D different doses as ( T-0 Control (No spray), T-1(water spray ),T-2(NAA- 10 ppm),T-3(NAA- 20 ppm),T-4(NAA- 30 ppm),T-5(GA3 - 25 ppm),T-6(GA3 - 30 ppm),T-7(GA3 - 35 ppm),T-8(2,4,5-T-15 ppm),T-9(2,4,5-T- 20 ppm),T-10(2,4,5-T- 25 ppm) on initial fruit set ,fuit set retention and fruit drop of Indian ber . fruit set ranged from 157 to 162 during both the years of trial. There were no significant differences in the mean values in this regard, but the highest initial fruit set was recorded under 2,4,5-T 20 ppm (162 in both year) followed by 2,4,5-T 25 ppm (162 and 161) and GA3 25 ppm (162 jn both year ) while the lowest was registered under NAA 10 ppm (159 in both year) being significantly superior over control. The maximum fruit retention was recorded by the application of 2,4,5-T (11.21 and 11.09%) followed by NAA (10.02 and 9.54%) and GA3 (9.24 and 9.13%) over the control (5.16 and 4.74%) but the highest fruit retention was recorded under 2,4,5-T 25 ppm (11.88 and 12.45%) followed by 2,4,5-T 20 ppm (11.24 and 10.85%) and NAA 30 ppm (11.00 and 10.75%) while the lowest was registered under GA3 25 ppm (7.79 and 7.75%) being significantly superior over control. The probable reason for greater fruit retention might be due to the stimulation of natural&nbsp;growth substances on the experimental plant and particularly the limb. The percentage of fruit fall under different treatments (growth regulators and their concentrations) during both the years revealed that all the growth regulators namely, NAA, GA3 and 2,4,5-T reduced the fruit drop irrespective of their concentrations as compared to control. Most effective growth regulator was found to be 2,4,5-T (88.79 and 88.91%) followed by NAA (89.98 and 90.46%) and GA3 (90.76 and 90.87%).<br>KEY WORDS: Indian Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana Lamk.), Growth regulators, Initial fruit set, Fruit drop, Fruit retention.</p> SURESH KUMAR UPESH KUMAR AND PREM NARESH ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 106 25 to 31 25 to 31 2. COMPOSTING OF POULTRY FARM WASTE-A REVIEW by I.A. BABA1, M.T, BANDAY1, H.M. KHAN, A.A, KHAN3, S. ADIL1 AND N. NISSA4 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1269 <p>The farm wastes generated in poultry production is: litter (mixture of droppings and bedding material), manure resulting from laying hen (cage rearing) and dead birds. The amount of waste generated depends largely on the weight of the rearing bird and the type of farm operation. Around 1000 kg live weight broilers produce about 17.1-17.4 kg of manure on dry weight basis and laying hen produce 13.4 kg of manure per day on dry weight basis (Edwards and Daniel, 1992). Overcash et al. (1983) reported that fresh manure production per 1000 kg live weight for broiler is 87 kg and for laying hens is 73 kg. Fresh manure produced per 1000 kg live animal mass per day for different classes of animals were 64 kg, 85 kg and 86 kg for layers, broilers and dairy cattle, respectively (ASAE, 2003). A flock size of 50,000 broilers reared up to 49 days of age with an average daily mortality of 0.1 per cent (4.9 per cent total mortality), produced approximately 2.2 tons of carcass (Blake, 2004).</p> I.A. BABA, M.T. BANDAY H.M. KHAN, A.A. KHAN, S. ADIL AND N. NIS ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 106 12 to 24 12 to 24 1.STUDY OF THE DECLINING POPULATION OF COMMON “HOUSE SPARROW” (PASSER DOMESTICS) IN URBAN AND SUB-URBAN AREAS OF INDIA by DIGVIJAY SINGH TEOTIA1, ANUJ YADAV2, VISHAL KUMAR2 AND AMIT KUMAR3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1272 <p>The common house sparrows are distributed all over India. The disappearance of sparrows has been widely reported in India. The various ornithologists and bird lovers fear that if appropriate conservation initiatives are not taken urgently, the sparrow may soon cease to exist and became extinct. The sparrow population in Andhra Pradesh alone had dropped by 80%. In other states like Kerala, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, it had dropped by 20%. The decline in coastal areas was about 70-80%. The reliable on sparrow populations is not available. No one is actually counting and keeping a record of the sparrows. The Indian sparrow popularly known as house sparrow (passer domestics) is widest spread species of sparrow family in India. The bird has lost prominence due to its vanishing numbers. The decline of sparrows is a warming signal to all of us. The spread of diseases due to decline in sparrow population is an alarming danger. The introduction of unleaded petrol, flow of electromagnetic waves from mobile towers, reducing areas of free growing weeds, competition for food by other species are possible reasons for this decline of sparrows. The Bird Life&nbsp;International, Royal Society for Protection of Birds (RSPB, Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) have taken plan for the protection of sparrows. This research papers attempts to explain the reasons of decline in the population of house sparrows in the last few years. It also includes the creation of awareness to develop ecosystem where sparrow can continue to co-exist in harmony.<br>KEY WORDS: Passer domestics, Ecosystems, Alarming danger, Disappearance,Population, Harmony.</p> DIGVIJAY SINGH TEOTIA ANUJ YADAV, VISHAL KUMAR AND AMIT KUMAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 106 1 to 11 1 to 11 4. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS FOR DIFFERENT CHANGES IN COMPOSTING AND FERMENTATION OF POULTRY FARM WASTE by I.A. BABA1, M.T. BANDAY2, H.M. KHAN3, A.A. KHAN3, M. ADULLAH1 AND N. NISSA4 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1273 <p>The current study was conducted in the Division of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, (SKUAST-Kashmir) during the year 2016 under the agro-climatic conditions of Kashmir Valley, to compare the physical changes and economic returns of the composting and fermentation experiments. Dead birds and poultry litter was used for this study. Based upon the comparison of composting and fermentation studies an overall higher weight reduction attained was 39.96 per cent during composting and 4.72 per cent during fermentation. Similarly, volume reduction observed was 23.75 per cent during composting and 2.75 per cent during fermentation. Higher moisture content of 51.46 per cent was observed in ferment as compared to 21.39 per cent in compost. Odour score card of 6.7 and 4.54 were respectively observed in composting and fermentation. Similarly better fly score card of 6.62 was observed during composting when compared to 4.64 during fermentation. Net profit was Rs.1950.76 during composting and Rs.124.02 during fermentation. Net profit/bin was more (Rs.162.56) in composting when compared to fermentation (Rs. 4.59).<br>KEY WORDS: Comparative analysis, Composting, Fermentation, Poultry&nbsp;farm waste.</p> I.A. BABA, M.T. BANDAY, H.M. KHAN, A.A. KHAN, M. ADULLAH AND N. NISSA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 106 32 to 37 32 to 37 5. SUCCESSFUL MANAGEMENT OF MONOZYGOTIC TWINS WITH POSTURAL DEFECTS IN WATER BUFFALO by RAVI DUTT1, GYAN SINGH2, KARAN SHARMA3, VINAY YADAV4, SHIVANAGOUDA S. PATIL5, SUBHASH CHAND GAHALOT6 AND R. http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1274 <p>Current case report depicts successful delivery of monozygotic twin fetuses with mal-postures in water buffalo by traction following induction of parturition with hormonal therapy.<br>KEY WORDS: Dystocia, Twins, Mal-postures, Monozygotic, Water buffalo.</p> RAVI DUTT, GYAN SINGH, KARAN SHARMA, VIN SHIVANAGOUDA S. PATIL, SUBHASH CHAND GAH ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-07-01 2018-07-01 106 38 to 41 38 to 41 5.CERTAIN PLANT SPECIES TRADITIONALLY USED BY THE TRIBALS OF R.D.F. POSHINA FOREST RANGE OF SABARKANTHA DISTRICT, NORTH GUJARAT, INDIA BY HITESH R. PATEL AND R.S. PATEL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/226 <p>The present paper reviews plants traditionally used by tribals in r.d.f. poshina forest range of<br>sabarkantha district, north Gujarat, India. About 10 plant species belonging to 10families were<br>observed during my research work. Plant species of these forest areas are documented here with<br>their botanical names, local names, family and their ethnobotanical uses. The species were<br>arranged family vise according to the flora of Gujarat state. The present data were collected from<br>the tribals and local people residing in the hamlets of the remote forest area.The botanical names,<br>Local names, families, biodata of informators are given in the present research paper. The adivasi<br>dwelling in the forest have good knowledge of different plants. Certain plants like SARAGAVO<br>Moringa oleifera (Lam.), KOTHI Limonia acidissima (L.), LIMDO Azadirachta indica (A.Juss.),<br>BAVAL Acacia nilotica (L.), DUTHIE Lagenaria leucantha (Roxb.) Rusby, DHAO Anogeissus<br>pendula (Wall.), GUNDA Cordia dichotoma (Forst.f.), BHOYRINGNI Solanum surattense<br>(Burm.f.), ARNI Clerodendrum multiflorum (Burm.f.), THOR Euphorbia nerifolia (L.) etc. were<br>observed as a commonly useful plants in the R.D.F. Poshina Forest during the year 2010-2011.<br>KEY WORD: Traditionally, Sabarkantha district, R.D.F. Poshina forest range, Tribals.</p> HITESH R. PATEL AND R.S. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 106 986 to 991 986 to 991 4.ETHNOVETERINARY HEALTHCARE PRACTICES IN MARIHAN SUB-DIVISION OF DISTRICT MIRZAPUR,UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA BY 1PRASANT KUMAR SINGH, 2SHIVAM SINGH, 3VINOD KUMAR AND 3ALOK KRISHNA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/160 <p>The Marihan subdivision of district Mirzapur is dominated by several tribal groups. These people<br>have their own ethnoveterinary treatment systems of diseases both for human as well as for their<br>livestock. The common cattle diseases of the area are foot &amp; mouth disease, anthrax, pneumonia,<br>ectoparasites, helminthiasis, constipation, diarrhea/ dysentery, mastitis etc. The different cattle<br>diseases are listed along with their treatment system.<br>KEY WORDS: Marihan sub-division, ethno-veterinary treatment, livestock</p> PRASANT KUMAR SINGH,SHIVAM SINGH AND ALOK KRISHNA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-20 2018-06-20 106 561 to 569 561 to 569 3. LIGHT MICROSCOPIC STUDIES ON THE SKIN THICKNESS OF ZOVAWK PIG (Sus Scrofa Scrofa) by A.LALRAMLIANA, P.C.KALITA, ARUP KALITA, P.J. DOLEY, HEMEN DAS AND O.P. CHAUDHARY http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1248 <p>Light microscopic studies on the skin of Zovawk pig was conducted to identify the skin thickness by using male and female animals. The skin of Zovawk pig consisted of epidermal layers and dermal layers. The epidermal layer thickness varied considerably in different regions of the body. In male Zovawk, the maximum thickness of epidermis was observed on the dorsal neck by measuring 0.12 ± 0.004 mm while the minimum thickness was on the ventral thorax which measured 0.10 ± 0.002 mm. In female, the maximum thickness of epidermis was observed on dorsal thorax by measuring 0.09 ± 0.004 mm and minimum was on the ventral neck by measuring 0.06 ± 0.007 mm. After comparing between male and female animals, the total skin thickness in all the regions studied showed significant in thickness.<br>KEY WORDS: Zovawk pig, Skin, Dermis, Epidermis, Light microscope.</p> A.LALRAMLIANA, P.C.KALITA, ARUP KALITA P.J. DOLEY, HEMEN DAS AND O.P. CHAUDHARY ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 106 14 to 18 14 to 18 2. SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM RECOVERED FROM VISCERAL ORGANS OF EMU by MUKESH K. KHYALIA1, VIKAS KHICHAR2, VIJAYATA3, SWATI RUHIL4 AND K.S. PRAJAPATI5 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1247 <p>The present Investigation was conducted to study the prevalence of Salmonella spp. in various emu farms of Anand, Gujarat and deals with isolation, phenotypic characterization and evolution of antimicrobial efficacy against Salmonella typhimurium isolates recovered from various visceral organs of emu birds. A total of 50 samples were collected from dead emu birds to investigate Salmonella spp. and among them just three samples (6%) were recognized as Salmonella spp. by cultural and biochemical Properties and all were further confirmed as Salmonella typhimurium by serotyping. Total Seven antibiotics were tested for their efficacy against these isolates. All three isolates were found resistant to&nbsp;Penicillin. This is the first report on the isolation, identification and serotyping of Salmonella typhimurium from emu farms in Gujarat, India.<br>KEY WORDS: Emu, Salmonella typhimurium, Antibiogram.</p> MUKESH K. KHYALIA, VIKAS KHICHAR VIJAYATA, SWATI RUHIL AND K.S. PRAJAPATI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 106 7 to 13 7 to 13 4. MINERAL BIOACCUMULATION IN COMMERCIALLY IMPORTANT SHELL FISHES COLLECTED FROM VERSOVA FISH LANDING CENTRE, MUMBAI by HITESH U. SHINGADIA AND MEENAKSHI VAIDYA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1250 <p>This study was aimed to estimate bioaccumulation potential of some minerals in edible muscle tissue of commercially important shell fishes like shrimps (Penaeus indicus and Solenocera crasicornis), crabs (Scylla serrata, Neptunus pelagicus and Charybdis cruciatus) and mussel (Perna viridis) fished from coastal waters of Mumbai along the West Coast of India. Shell fishes are known to bioaccumulate minerals in their tissues in direct proportion to that present in their habitat. The concentration of minerals was in order of B &gt; Zn &gt; Fe &gt; Pb &gt; Cu &gt; As &gt; Cd &gt; Mn &gt; Hg. The bioaccumulation of various minerals in edible tissues of different shell fishes showed significant differences (p=0.01). Spearman’s Correlation Coefficient was also investigated that showed significance. The study revealed that, shell fishes collected from Versova fish landing centre, Mumbai may be potentially nontoxic for consumption and/or export as concentrations of studied minerals were observed to be below the permissible limits as prescribed by FAO/WHO, nevertheless the presence of contaminants other than studied minerals cannot be ruled out and needs to be further investigated before asserting these seafood commodities innocuous for consumption by local populace, marketed and exported.<br>KEY WORDS: Minerals, Bioaccumulation, Shell fishes, Versova Fish Landing Centre, Mumbai.</p> HITESH U. SHINGADIA AND MEENAKSHI VAIDYA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 106 19 to 34 19 to 34 1. PREVALENCE OF ECTOPARASITE INFESTATIONS ON CATTLE IN AMRELI DISTRICT WESTERN INDIA by DR. NIMESH K. MEHTA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1249 <p>The present research work was employed to determine the prevalence of ectoparasites in cattle of Amreli district, from November 2015 to October 2016.<br>During the work, physical examination was done in 274 cattle and laboratory identification was done on the ectoparasites which were collected. Overall ectoparasites prevalence was found to be 27.01% (74/274). Totally three species of tick, one species of lice, were identified. Among the tick specimen collected, Rhipicephalus sp. (Boophilus) (45%), Hyalomma sp (25%) Ornithodorus sp. (30%) had highest prevalence. Haemobopinus was the only lice identified. The analysis indicated that, cattle in the study area were infested with numerous ectoparasites fauna but, tick, lice and mite were found to cause health and productivity issues to the cattle and farmers.<br>KEY WORDS: Ectoparasites, Amreli district, Prevalence, Infestation, Incidence cattle.</p> DR. NIMESH K. MEHTA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 106 1 to 6 1 to 6 7. OBSERVATION ON AQUATIC AND WETLAND PLANT DIVERSITY IN SIPU RIVER BED NEAR SIPU DAM, BANASKANTHA DISTRICT, GUJARAT by BHASKER PUNJANI, BALDEV PANCHAL, NIKUNJ PATEL, BHAVESH MALI, ANKIT PATEL AND VINOD PANDEY http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1252 <p>With an aim to make an inventory of aquatic and wetland plant diversity, field explorations were undertaken during November-2016 to April-2017 in Sipu river downstream area near Sipu dam, district Banaskantha, Gujarat, India. The climate of the district is arid and semi-arid, with tropical dry deciduous and thorny forests. This floristic survey conducted for the first time in the study area showed the wealth of aquatic and wetland flora of the region under study. A total of 22 species in 18 genera and 12 Angiosperm families were recorded for the first time during present survey conducted in the area under study. Of the total recorded species Dicotyledons consisted of 58% whereas, Monocotyledons of 42%. The family Cyperaceae turned out as dominant and genus Cyperus considered as dominant genus in the present study. An aquatic Pteridophyte - Azolla pinnata R. Brown recorded during field exploration from the study area. From the present study, it can be concluded that the study area contains a significant proportion of varied aquatic and wetland plant species, and well adapted to special edaphic and climatic conditions; but their frequency, abundance, etc. were observed poor may be due to uncontrolled anthropogenic practices in the area.<br>KEY WORDS: Aquatic and wetland plants, Sipu river, Banaskantha, Gujarat.</p> BHASKER PUNJANI, BALDEV PANCHAL, NIKUNJ BHAVESH MALI, ANKIT PATEL AND VINOD PAND ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 106 53 to 71 53 to 71 6. MONITORING OF MUNDRA COASTAL ZONE, GULF OF KACHCHH WITH REFERENCE TO LAND USE LAND COVER CHANGES USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS by JOSHI KAJAL AND DHARAIYA NISHITH http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1251 <p>Urban expansion has increased the utilization of natural resources and has altered land use and land cover patterns. Coastal zones are most susceptible for land use changes in this rapid era of industrialization and urbanization. Land cover change is a major distress of global environment change. To conserve the present natural resources and to be aware of the causes and consequences of over exploitation of soil and water resources a land use and land cover mapping and monitoring was done in the coastal zone of Mundra, one of the most rapidly growing industrial hub in India. Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques were used as a tool to monitor the land use and land cover change in the study area. The main objective of this study is to monitor and evaluate land use land cover (LULC) changes during the year 2000, 2006 and 2013. LISS-III satellite data and digital change detection techniques were used. The images were classified through supervised classification method coupled with expert visual interpretation techniques. Eight LULC classes were decided for the classification purposes. Error matrix and KAPPA analysis have been done for accuracy assessment classification. Change detection between the images for all the land use and land cover classes was computed. The overall accuracy of classification methodology is 89.2%, 91.3% and 90.1% and KAPPA statistics is 0.86, 0.88 and 0.87 for the 2000, 2006 and 2013 images respectively. The study exposes that the important coastal land use type of Mundra coast i.e. coastal wetlands and mangrove vegetation have&nbsp;been reduced drastically in their extent because of the reclamation, dredging, tipping and other anthropogenic activities along the coastal zone.<br>KEY WORDS: LISS III image, KAPPA analysis, Supervised classification, Mangrove destruction.</p> JOSHI KAJAL AND DHARAIYA NISHITH ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 106 43 to 52 43 to 52 5. B- MODE ULTRASONOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF SPLEEN IN GOATS (CAPRA HIRCUS) by SHYAM MANOHAR1; DHARMENDRA KUMAR1; D. V. PARMAR; A. J. PATEL1; P. V. PARIKH2 AND D. B. PATIL3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1253 <p>The present study was conducted to establish ultrasonographic features of spleen using two dimensional B-mode and real-time ultrasound scanner (e saote My Lab 40 VET) in ten healthy Surti goats with convex (2.5-7.5 MHz, Group I) and linear (7.5-18 MHz Group II) transducer. The intercostal spaces of the left thoracic wall were scanned with a convex (2.5-7.5 MHz, Group I) and linear (7.5-18 MHz Group II) transducer in standing goats. The appearance of the splenic parenchyma, the position of the ultrasonographically visible dorsal and ventral margins of spleen and the distance between them, and the diameter of the splenic vessels were determined. Spleen always lay between the rumen and abdominal wall. Spleen had an echogenic capsule, and its parenchyma showed a homogenous fine echotexture / echo pattern throughout the whole visible part of spleen. The splenic vessels were seen within the parenchyma. The visible dorsal margin of spleen ran from cranioventral to caudodorsal. The distance from the dorsal margin of spleen to the midline of the back was greatest in the 8th intercostal space (18.6 ± 3.8 cm) and smallest at 12th intercostal space (7.2 ± 1.2cm). The size of spleen was smallest at the 8th intercostal space (3.0 ± 1.20 cm) and largest at the 11th intercostal space (9.0&nbsp;± 2.0 cm).<br>KEY WORDS: Spleen, Ultrasonographic, Intercostal Space, Diaphragm and rumen</p> SHYAM MANOHAR DHARMENDRA KUMAR D. V. PARMAR A. J. PATEL P. V. PARIKH ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 106 35 to 42 35 to 42 2. SEASONAL VARIATIONS OF PHYTOPLANKTON AND THEIR CORRELATION WITH PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF KANJIALAKE, NANDANKANAN ZOO, BHUBANESWAR by G.N.INDRESHA1, S.P.PARIDA2 AND A.K.PATRA3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1244 <p>Phytoplankton plays an important role in fresh water ecosystems as bio-indicators and are used as a tool for assessing the water quality. It is necessary to study population dynamics, community structure, species composition, species diversity of phytoplankton while undertaking ecological investigations in aquatic ecosystems, particularly in fresh water ecosystems like Kanjia Lake of Nandankanan Sanctuary. Sampling points were decided by keeping in mind that the sampling points must include shallow and deep regions of the water body, points of inflow, and outflow of water in the lake and anthropogenic activities. The grab samples were collected from four different sites, enough to accurately represent the whole water body to assess their physical and chemical and biological parameters at monthly intervals in the middle of every month between 9:00- 11:00 am.To minimize the changes from collection to analysis, the sample was preserved soon after collection by adding with 10ml of 1% Lugol’s solution.Different physicochemical parameters were measured in the field itself by physical methods or by using Systronics P-4 water analysis kit (E-Merck).The present study shows the phytoplankton density ranged from 3485.625 to 3823.125 nL-1 with mean ± S.D. (3670.312± 157.956) during winter season, 5941.875 to 6751.65 nL-1 with mean ± S.D. (6269.475±&nbsp;383.2973) during summer season and 3213.75 to 4021.875 nL-1with mean ± S.D. (3521.25± 348.390) during monsoon season.The variations across sites were insignificant and significant over seasons.The total densities of phytoplankton were found to be maximum during summer and minimum during monsoon season. Among different groups of phytoplankton, chlorophyceae, cyanophyceae were found to be maximum during summer and minimum during monsoon whereas bacillariophyceae were found to be maximum during summer and minimum during winter season followed by monsoon. Average of four year density also found to be minimum during monsoon and maximum during summer season. In general higher phytoplankton density was much more pronounced during the summer season than the monsoon periods in the lake.The correlations between phytoplankton density with one or other physicochemical parameters indicate that the density of phytoplankton is dependent on different abiotic factors either directly or indirectly indicating the seasonal variation in physico-chemical and biological parameters, it can be concluded that changes in physicochemical parameters play an important role in seasonal variation in density and diversity and distribution of phytoplankton.<br>KEY WORDS: Kanjia Lake, phytoplankton, seasonal variation, physico- chemical parameters.</p> G.N.INDRESHA S.P.PARIDA AND A.K.PATRA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-01 2018-05-01 106 9 to 21 9 to 21 4. CHROMOPHORIC DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER (GELBSTOFF) INCREASES THE RESILIENCE OF CORAL REEFS BY ABSORBING ULTRA VIOLET RADIATIONS (UVR)-A CASE STUDY OF GULF OF KACHCHH by ROHAN THAKKER AND HITESH A. SOLANKI http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1242 <p>Coral reefs are especially vulnerable to predicted climate change because they bleach rapidly and dramatically in response to increased Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs). Even an increase of 1 or 2ºC above average over a sustained period of time (i.e. a month) can cause mass bleaching. The potential severity of the predicted increases of 1-3ºC in SSTs by 2050 and 1.4-5.8ºC in Earth surface temperatures by 2100 thus becomes apparent. The Mass-coral bleaching events are generally triggered by high seawater temperatures, experiments have demonstrated that corals and reef-dwelling foraminifers bleach more readily when exposed to high energy, short wavelength solar radiation (blue, violet and ultraviolet [UVR]: λ ~ 280 - 490 nm). In seawater, colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), also called gelbstoff, preferentially absorbs these shorter wavelengths, which consequently bleach and degrade the CDOM. Coloured Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM), also known as gelbstoff; it primarily consists of humic acids produced by the decomposition of plant litter and organically rich soils in coastal and upland areas. Levels can be augmented by fulvic acid produced by coral reefs, seaweed decomposition or industrial effluents. CDOM absorbs UV radiation and can protect coral reefs against bleaching. Hence the surrounding ecosystems such as seagrasses and mangroves should be protected because they contribute nutrients to the coral reefs, provide nurseries for many reef species and produce coloured dissolved organic&nbsp;matter (CDOMs), which can be important in screening harmful solar radiation and thus protecting corals against bleaching. The Gulf of kachchh has a very unique feature where we find Corals as well as mangroves. The Mangroves need Mud &amp; Silt deposition whereas the corals don’t. According to reports the probable mangrove areas are increasing in the GOK. That means the only source of Silt in the region i.e. the Indus River carries the Silt which doesn’t gets deposited on the Corals. But the mangroves are directly responsible for Conservation of the Corals by producing CDOM.<br>KEY WORDS: CDOM, Mangroves, Coral reefs.</p> ROHAN THAKKER AND HITESH A. SOLANKI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-01 2018-05-01 106 35 to 41 35 to 41 1. ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDIES ON DIFFERENT EDIBLE WEEDS OF JAISINGHPUR (KANGRA) IN HIMACHAL PRADESH, INDIA by DHIRAJ S. RAWAT AND ANJNA D. KHARWAL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1245 <p>Plants are the basis of life on earth and are central to people’s livelihood. Glimpses of our knowledge in ethnomedicine are available to vedic text. The work aims at the preservation of this depleting traditional knowledge. Agenda 21 of the Rio Earth Summit stated that indigenous people have a vital role in environmental management and development because of their knowledge and traditional practices. This paper deals with ethnobotanical information of 14 edible weeds of Jaisinghpur along with their phonological pattern. Weeds compete with crop plants for water, light and nutrition. They tend to persist in spite of man’s effort for eradication and interfere with agricultural operations. Weeds reduce the yield and detract from the comfort of life but some of the weeds are highly medicinal, edible and has great ethnobotanical values. Wild foods are rich source of carbohydrates such as the starch and free sugars, oils, proteins, minerals, ascorbic acid, and the antioxidant phenols, such as chlorogenic acid and its polymers.<br>KEY WORDS: Ethnomedicine, Indigenous Traditional knowledge, Biodiversity, Phenological pattern.</p> DHIRAJ S. RAWAT AND ANJNA D. KHARWAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-01 2018-05-01 106 1 to 8 1 to 8 3. SEASONAL VARIATIONS OF ZOOPLANKTON AND THEIR CORRELATION WITH PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF KANJIALAKE, NANDANKANAN ZOO, BHUBANESWAR by G.N.INDRESHA1, S.P.PARIDA2 AND A.K.PATRA3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1246 <p>Zooplankton plays an important role in fresh water ecosystems in transfer of energy at the secondary trophic level in an aquatic ecosystem. They are intermediate link between primary producers viz. phytoplankton with higher trophic level organisms. Zooplanktons are rich in essential amino and fatty acids and provide fish with nutrients and their study is necessary in fisheries and aquaculture and is considered as nature’s water purifiers and respond quickly to the changes in the medium and are used as indicators of overall health of the aquatic ecosystem. Zooplankton is important in understanding the lake dynamics and the results of the study undertaken at Kanjia lake of Nandankanan sanctuary, are discussed in detail.The grab samples were collected from four different sites, enough to accurately represent the whole water body to assess their physical and chemical and biological parameters at monthly intervals in the middle of every month between 9:00- 11:00 am.To minimize the changes in the sample from collection to laboratory analysis, the sample was preserved soon after the collection by 5 % formalin.The preserved samples were brought to the laboratory for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Quantitative studies were made by using Sedgwick rafter cell. Different physicochemical parameters were measured in the field itself by physical methods or by using Systronics P-4&nbsp;water analysis kit (E-Merck). Zooplanktons density ranged from 52 to 66.25 nL-1with mean ± S.D. (58.765 ± 5.844) during winter season, 90.625 to 127 nL-1 with mean ± S.D. (104.609 ± 15.661) during summer season and 49.375 to 69.312 nL-1 with mean ± S.D. (58.656 ±8.324) during monsoon season.The variations across sites and over seasons were significant.The total densities of zooplankton were found to be maximum during summer and minimum during monsoon season. In the community structure and species diversity, protozoa found to be dominant group followed by rotifera, cladocera, copepoda and astracoda. Average of four years density also found to be minimum during monsoon and maximum during summer. In general higher zooplankton density was much more pronounced during the summer season than the monsoon and winter periods in the lake. During the present investigation, the water samples from four study sites have been analyzed for spatial and temporal distribution in density, diversity and percentage distribution of zooplankton. The study revealed the presence of 30 species, out of which 10 species of Protozoa, 9 species of Rotifera, 4 species of Cladocera, 3 species of Ostracoda, and 4 species Copopoda. The zooplankton assemblage of this lake consists primarily of protozoa followed by Rotifers. In the community structure and species diversity, out of 30 species recorded, the Protozoa were found to be dominant group consisting of 10 species ((33.33%) followed by Rotifera with 9 species (30%), Cladocera with 4 species (13.33%), Copepoda with 4 species (13.33%) and Ostracoda with 3 species(10%).<br>KEY WORDS: KanjiaLake, zooplankton, seasonal variation, physico- chemical parameters.</p> G.N.INDRESHA, S.P.PARIDA AND A.K.PATRA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-01 2018-05-01 106 22 to 34 22 to 34 2. HAEMATO-BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN MANGE INFECTION IN CAMELS by TAPAN VARIA1, ANKIT PRAJAPATI2 AND SUNANT RAVAL1 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1240 <p>Camel is the only mode of transport in desert. In Gujarat 0.058 million<br>camel population is there. Camel suffers from a number of important<br>diseases viz., mange infestations which is a serious problem in many parts<br>of the world and poses a major problem to camel health. No systemic data is<br>available on the diseases prevailing in the rural camel populations or their<br>off springs maintained in rural households. Blood samples of infected<br>(n=13) and healthy camels (n=13) were collected from different regions.<br>The present study was conducted to know the haematological and<br>biochemical alterations in camel during mange infestation. Data shows that<br>mange infestation significantly affect level of haematological and<br>biochemical parameters.<br>KEY WORDS: Therapeutic usage, Medicinal plants, Pune District</p> TAPAN VARIA ANKIT PRAJAPATI AND SUNANT RAVAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-01 2018-04-01 106 26 to 29 26 to 29 1. ASSESSMENT OF THERAPEUTIC USAGE OF MEDICINAL PLANTS OF PUNE DISTRICT, MAHARASHTRA by RAHANGDALE, S.S.1, RAHANGDALE, S.R.2 AND KHUPAT, A.N.1 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1243 <p>This paper deals with the wild medicinal plants used by rural population of<br>Pune District, Maharashtra state. The ethno-botanical information was<br>gathered from local inhabitants and Vaidus. The plants are collected,<br>identified and all the specimens have been deposited in Herbarium of<br>Balasaheb Jadhav, College. During this work, the authors gathered data on<br>134 species of locally available wild plants used in healing common<br>diseases or ailments. The plants are arranged alphabetically, botanical name,<br>vernacular name and known medicinal uses are given.<br>KEY WORDS: Therapeutic usage, Medicinal plants, Pune District.</p> RAHANGDALE, S.S., RAHANGDALE, S.R. AND KHUPAT, A.N. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-01 2018-04-01 106 1 to 25 1 to 25 3. ENUMERATING THE MEDICINAL PLANTS OF CHURDHAR WILDLIFE SANCTUARY, HIMACHAL PRADES by SWATI SHARMA1, PANKAJ GUPTA2 AND VIJAY KUMAR SHARMA3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1241 <p>Plants have been used for medicinal purpose since times immemorial. The study accessed the ethno-botanical wisdom of rural communities living in Churdhar wildlife sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh. In order to gather the required information, an ethno-botanical survey was undertaken by using standard methods of getting and analysing ethno-botanical information. A total of 52 medicinal plants including, herbs and shrubs (39 species), trees (9 species), climbers (3 species), and fungus (2 species) have been enumerated. This study showed that people still depend on medicinal plants for primary healthcare.<br>KEY WORDS: Medicinal Plants, Churdhar wildlife sanctuary, Ethno-botanical wisdom.</p> SWATI SHARMA PANKAJ GUPTA AND VIJAY KUMAR SHARMA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-04-01 2018-04-01 106 30 to 38 30 to 38 2. DYSTOCIA IN A MARWARI MARE DUE TO BRACHYGNATHISM AND ARTHOGYPOSIS MONSTER - A CASE REPORT by DHRAMVEER SINGH1, PRAMOD KUMAR2, J S MEHTA3 AND VINOD DUDI4 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1236 <p>A case of mare dystocia with deviation of neck and flexion of both fore limb of fetal monster and its correction with mutation is reported. Post-operative care comprised of administration of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, ecobolics, along with vitamin supplements and tetanus toxoid.<br>KEY WORDS: Mare, Dystocia, Monster.</p> DHRAMVEER SINGH, PRAMOD KUMAR J S MEHTA AND VINOD DUDI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 106 11 to 15 11 to 15 3. EFFECT OF SRIYANTRA AND LUNAR DAYS ON THE GERMINATION OF FENUGREEK by ITAGI RAVI KUMAR1 AND RAVI KUMAR MANDAL2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1237 <p>In tantric text yantra is a geometric diagram, which drawn on a paper and metal for worship or upasana to attain a siddhi and yogis use as aid to meditation. Lunar days are the length of time it takes for the moon to make one complete rotation on its axis compared to the sun. According to Hindu calendar lunar day called as tithi and 30 days in lunar month. In this study pancha loha sriyanta and paper sriyantra of two different sizes 23 cm x 23 cm and 15 cm x 15 cm were used as an intervention to see the effect on germination of fenugreek seeds along with control. Sample size was 600 seeds with 15 replications of 40 seeds in each replication. To study the effect of lunar day on germination of seeds, size of sample was 40 seeds. Samples are soaked at sunrise time on each lunar day of March/April. The present study showed sriyantra was more effective than control on % of germination, mean radical length, fresh weight and oven dry weight on fenugreek. Paper sriyantra was more effective on % of germination, mean radical length and oven dry weight than pancha loha sriyantra. Pancha loha sriyantra was more effective on fresh weight than Paper sriyantra. Bigger size sriyantra was more effective on % of germination, mean radical length and fresh weight. In the effect of lunar days investigation found that at four days before and after full moon was more effective.<br>KEY WORDS: Germination, Radical length, Fresh weight, Oven dry weight, Sriyantra, Lunar day, Tithi.</p> ITAGI RAVI KUMAR AND RAVI KUMAR MANDAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 106 16 to 23 16 to 23 1. ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN GREENHOUSE FOR CUCUMBER CULTIVATION IN CHHATTISGARH by ANUSHA SINGH, MANISHA SAHU, V.M. VICTOR AND HARSHIT MISHRA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1239 <p>Cucumber is one of the most widely grown warm season crops in India and has an increasing demand in global and national market due to its versatility. The present research was done to work out the energy input in greenhouse cucumber cultivation in experimental field of IGKV, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. For the cultivation of crops soil-less culture was adopted and coco peat in hydroponic troughs were used as growing media. The objective of this study was to determine the total energy input that is consumed in greenhouse cultivation of cucumber and the factors which contribute to it. Also other objectives were to determine total output of cucumber for a season in terms of energy and calculate various energy indices. The results revealed that protected cucumber cultivation is an intensive process and it consumed a total of 10818 MJ of energy per hectare. Total output in terms of energy was found out to be 276.65 MJ per hectare. Higher energy input was majorly due to framed structure and glazing materials used, electricity and human labour. The assessment of input and output energies helped us in comparing the both and hence were significant for establishing the priorities for optimization of energy.<br>KEY WORDS: Cucumber, Energy, Specific energy, Energy ratio, Human labour, Energy output.</p> ANUSHA SINGH, MANISHA SAHU V.M. VICTOR AND HARSHIT MISHRA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 106 1 to 10 1 to 10 4. BUTTERFLY (LEPIDOPTERA-RHOPALOCERA-INSECTA) DIVERSITY OF ROORKEE, DISTRICT HARIDWAR, UTTARAKHAND INDIA by ASHISH KUMAR LAMIYAN1 AND NARENDER SHARMA2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1238 <p>A preliminary study on the butterfly diversity of Roorkee, District Haridwar of Uttarakhand, was studied through sampling programme from February 2017- August 2017. A total of 32 species belonging to 26 genera of five families (Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymhalidae, Lycaenidae, Hesperiidae) were recorded. The maximum number of species were found in the family Nymphalidae (15 species), followed by Pieridae (7 species), Lycaenidae (6 species), Papilionidae (3 species), and Hesperiidae ( 1 species). An analysis of relative abundances revealed that of the 32 species reported, 10 were classed as very common, 18 as common and the remaining 4 species as uncommon.<br>KEY WORDS: Butterfly, Species Diversity, Roorkee, Uttarakhand.</p> ASHISH KUMAR LAMIYAN AND NARENDER SHARMA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-01 2018-03-01 106 24 to 31 24 to 31 2. ESTIMATION OF CHLOROPHYLL “A” AND “B” OF SOME AQUATIC PLANTS by J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1228 <p>Chlorophyll a, b, c, d, carotene, xanthophylls are present in all higher plants. Then chlorophyll a and b are most important for plants. Make extract of chlorophyll in 80% acetone and estimate by spectrophotometer in Optical Density. Chlorophyll a and b are measured in amount of gm/lt. Chlorophyll was estimate of hydrophytes plants in Eichornia crassipes (mart) Solms, Hydrilla verticilata (L.F.) Royal, Nelumbo nucifera Gaerm and Trapa bispinosa Robe. The range of chlorophyll contains are 0.0003571 to 0.009084 gm/lt for chlorophyll a and 0.001191 to 0.007670 gm/lt for chlorophyll b.<br>KEYWORDS: Chlorophyll, Extract, Spectrophotometer, Optical Density.</p> J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-01 2018-02-01 106 4 to 6 4 to 6 3. DYSTOCIA IN SHEEP AND IT’S CORRECTION BY FETOTOMY – A CASE REPORT by SWATI RUHIL1, PRAMOD KUMAR2, VIKAS KHICHAR3, AND TEJPAL4 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1229 <p>A case of dystocia with lateral deviation of head was reported in 3years old sheep. Both forelegs were protruding from vagina, ewe was active and alert. Fetus was removed by subcutaneous fetotomy. Post-operative care included administration of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs along with vitamin supplementation and intra uterine therapy. There was an uneventful recovery. It is concluded that partial fetotomy appears to be a great tool for fetal delivery when the fetus cannot be repelled into the uterus.<br>KEYWORDS: Sheep, Dystocia, Fetotomy.</p> SWATI RUHIL PRAMOD KUMAR, VIKAS KHICHAR, AND TEJPAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-01 2018-02-01 106 7 to 12 7 to 12 1. LIFE-FORMS AND BIOLOGICAL SPECTRUM OF THE AQUATIC FLORA OF AMIRGADH TALUKA, BANASKANTHA DISTRICT, GUJARAT by J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1227 <p>Life form is a community is generally defined as the sum of adaptation plants to climate. Humboldt (1805) formulated the concept of life form for which he used the term ‘Vegetative form’. Since the different systems have been divided by many ecologists for the description and classification of plant life forms, (Warming, 1909; Raunkiaer, 1934; Braun-Blanquet, 1932; Christian &amp; Perry, 1935). The compared with the percentage values of different life forms in biological spectrum given by Raunkiaer.<br>KEYWORDS: Life-Forms, Biological spectrum,Aquatic flora, Amirgadh Taluka.</p> J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-01 2018-02-01 106 1 to 3 1 to 3 4. HANDMADE CLONING-AN ALTERNATIVE TO TRADITIONAL CLONING – A SHORT COMMUNICATION by SWATI RUHIL1, VIKAS KHICHAR2, AMIT CHOUDHARY3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1230 <p>Since the dolly’s birth somatic cell nuclear transfer technology has been used extensively in cloning laboratories and animal clones from many species were generated in consecutive studies like cattle (Willadsen, 1986), mice (Wakayama et al., 1998), goat (Vajta et al., 2003), pig (Vajta et al., 2001), cat (Booth et al., 2001) and horse (Tatum et al., 1995). But the efficiency of the SCNT is low (Pandey et al., 2010). Handmade cloning is a new technique which enables the scientists to produce cloned animals with simple non expensive equipments because both enucleation and nuclear transfer are performed by hand (Singla et al., 2014).&nbsp;</p> SWATI RUHIL, VIKAS KHICHAR, AMIT CHOUDHA G. N. PUROHIT AND J. S. MEHTA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-01 2018-02-01 106 13 to 17 13 to 17 6. ETHNOBOTANICAL USES OF AQUATIC PLANTS FROM DANTA TALUKA, BANASKANTHA DIST., GUJARAT by J.N. PATEL1 AND N.K. PATEL2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1233 <p>The present investigation of the ethnobotanical aquatic plants growing throughout the Danta taluka of Banaskantha district was carried out. A total of 16 species under 15 genera belonging to 14 families were collected and identified. An ethnobotanical study has been carried out by the tribal, who live in dense forest far away from the hospitals. The local inhabitants have developed and preserved a very old and strong tradition for folk medicine.<br>KEY WORDS: Ethnobotany, Aquatic, Danta, Banaskantha, Gujarat.</p> J.N. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-01 2018-02-01 106 22 to 26 22 to 26 5. A CONTRIBUTION TO THE FLORA OF PATAN TALUKA (NORTH GUJARAT) by BALDEV V. PANCHAL, MUKESH H. GORAKHA, JYOTSNA S. CHAUDHARY AND AARTI P. PAREKH http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1231 <p>Lemna aequinoctialis Welw. is a newly observed as naturalized in Patan taluka, Gujarat, India. Description and Photographs of the plant are provided.<br>KEY WORDS: Lemna, Sarswati River, Patan, Gujarat.</p> BALDEV V. PANCHAL, MUKESH H. GORAKHA, JYOTSNA S. CHAUDHARY AND AARTI P. PAREKH ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-01 2018-02-01 106 18 to 21 18 to 21 7. NEW RECORD - TAMARIX ERICOIDE FROM PATAN (NORTHERN GUJARAT) by SNEHAL R. THAKOR, SRUSHTI A. PATEL, BINDIYA P. MEHTA AND TANVI R. PATEL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1232 <p>The Patan is historical place. It has so many historical importance. It is situated in the northern Gujarat region of Gujarat state. During the study of angiospermic plants of Patan we located and identified new species of Tamarix ericoides Rottler &amp; Willd. from the Saraswati River.<br>KEY WORDS: Angiosperm, Patan city, Tamarix ericoide.</p> SNEHAL R. THAKOR, SRUSHTI A. PATEL, BINDIYA P. MEHTA AND TANVI R. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-01 2018-02-01 106 27 to 31 27 to 31 8. STUDY OF FLORA OF WORLD HERITAGE SITES - RANI KI VAV, PATAN (NORTH GUJARAT) by KARISHMA V. PRAJAPATI, SHRADDHA K. DESAI, RANJAN J. RAJPUT, SHITAL V. PATEL AND LILAVATI U. CHAUDHARI http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1234 <p>The Patan is historical place. It has so many historical importance. It is situated in the northern Gujarat region of Gujarat state. Here studied angiosperm plants of area of Rani ki vav and found 100 angiosperm plant species.<br>KEY WORDS: Rani ki vav, Angiosperm, Patan city.</p> KARISHMA V. PRAJAPATI, SHRADDHA K. DESAI SHITAL V. PATEL AND LILAVATI U. CHAUDHAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-01 2018-02-01 106 32 to 39 32 to 39 9. FLORAL STUDY OF SAHASTRALINGA TANK, PATAN (NORTH GUJARAT) by PANKAJ C. PRAJAPATI, MONTU S. CHAUHAN, PRAVIN D. BAROT, GAYATRI R. RAJPUT, PAYAL R. RAJPUT, ANERI S. THAKKAR AND VILAS B. CHAUDHARI http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1235 <p>The Patan is historical place. It has so many historical importance. It is situated in the northern Gujarat region of Gujarat state. Here studied angiosperm plants of Sahastralinga Tank areas and found 76 angiosperm plant species. A survey has been conducted in all areas of Sahastralinga Tank, Patan city to collect the information about angiosperm plants. During the study I located and identified species from the Sahastra-ling lake.<br>KEY WORDS: Sahastralinga Tank, Angiosperm, Patan city.</p> PANKAJ C. PRAJAPATI, MONTU S. CHAUHAN, P PAYAL R. RAJPUT, ANERI S. THAKKAR AND VI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-01 2018-02-01 106 40 to 47 40 to 47 1. ESTIMATION OF GENETIC VARIABILITY, HERITABILITY AND CORRELATION STUDIES IN F2 AND F3 POPULATIONS FOR YIELD AND QUALITY TRAITS IN RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) by K. SUBBULAKSHMI AND A. MUTHUSWAMY http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1224 <p>The present investigation was carried out to assess the extent of genetic variation in F2 and F3 generation of two selected crosses viz., ACK 09009 × ADT 43 and IR 8 × ASD 16 based on yield and quality parameters for eleven characters. Both the crosses showed substantial variation in F2 generation and reduced little in the subsequent F3 generation. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among the genotypes for all characters studied, indicating a high degree of variability in the material. High values of heritability and genetic advance were observed for the traits number of productive tillers per plant and single plant yield in second and third filial generations of both the crosses. Besides, IR8 × ASD 16 also recorded high heritability and genetic advance as per cent of mean for plant height and number of grains per panicle. It indicates that these traits are controlled by additive gene action, thus offering the possibility of crop improvement through selection. In ACK09009 × ADT 43 the number of productive tillers per plant, days to fifty per cent flowering, number of grains per panicle exhibited significant positive correlation with single plant yield whereas in IR8 × ASD 16 significant positive correlation with single plant yield was noted for number of productive tillers per plant, number of grains per panicle and 1000 grain weight. Hence, selection for these characters will be effective in yield improvement.<br>KEYWORDS: Genetic variability, Heritability, Correlation, Rice (Oryza Sativa L.).</p> K. SUBBULAKSHMI AND A. MUTHUSWAMY ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-01 2018-01-01 106 1 to 11 1 to 11 2. STUDY OF BENEFICIAL MICROORGANISMS IN THE RHIZOSPHERE SOILS OF MYRICA ESCULENTA (BUCH.-HAM. EX D. DON.) by ANITA KACHARI1, P. HAZARIKA2 AND D. DUTTA2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1226 <p>A study was done to explore the beneficial microorganisms in rhizosphere soils of Myrica esculenta (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) during 2016-2017 at RFRI, Jorhat. Ten triplicate samples from ten different villages of Jorhat, Golaghat, and Sivasagar districts, Assam were collected from rhizosphere soils of Myrica esculenta and beneficial microorganisms were cultured, isolated and identified. The study revealed that the plant species has arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) association in roots. Average percent root colonization of AMF of the plant species was recorded for 57.2 with a range of 40 to 66 per cent. The variation recorded may be due to difference in locality of sample collections. AMF spores were isolated from rhizosphere soils and identified tentatively up to the genus. Twenty five (25) types of AMF spores were isolated from Myrica esculenta rhizosphere soils belongs to nine (9) genus of 6 families of Glomeromycota i.e. Glomus, Acaulospora, Diversispora, Steptoglomus, Funneliformis, Rhizophagus, Entrophospora, Scutellospora and Gigaspora. Apart from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, from the rhizosphere soils of the plant species isolated phosphate solubilizing micro-organism (PSM) and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), which have been reported as useful for sustaining soil health and plant survival. Some such beneficial bacteria i.e. Flouresent Pseudomonas and Bacillus spp were isolated from rhizophere soils of Myrica esculenta and cultured them in media and identified. Some phytostimulator, PSM and decomposer microfungi such as Penicilliun, Aspergillus, Curvularia, Mucor etc were also isolated from rhizophere soils&nbsp;of the plant species.<br>KEYWORDS: Rhizosphere soil, beneficial microorganisms, Arbuscular mycorrhiza, PGPR, PSM.</p> ANITA KACHARI, P. HAZARIKA AND D. DUTTA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-01 2018-01-01 106 12 to 31 12 to 31 3. EXTRACTION OF SALVADORA OLEOIDES AND ITS PERFORMANCE ALONG WITH ANTIBIOTICS FOR ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES by BHARGAV DAVE1, PIYUSH VYAS1, MADHU PATEL2 AND NAINESH PATEL3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1225 <p>Nature has given various ways to maintain people’s health. One way is to use herbal medicine. Herbal medicines have been used to treat various types of diseases for long times. The people are more attracting towards the use of herbal drugs to cure various types of diseases. For treatment of several diseases of human beings, plant drug ‘rasayana’ has always played a vital role. According to World health organization (WHO) more than 80% of the world population is dependent on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs.1<br>Herbal medicine, also called botanical medicine or phytomedicine, refers to the use of a plant’s seeds, barriers, roots, leaves, bark, or flowers for medicinal purposes. Long practiced outside of conventional medicine, herbalism is becoming more main stream as improvements in analysis and quality control along with advances in clinical research show their value in the treatment and prevention of disease.2<br>KEYWORDS: Extraction, Salvadora oleoids, Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Activities.</p> BHARGAV DAVE, PIYUSH VYAS, MADHU PATEL AND NAINESH PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-01-01 2018-01-01 106 32 to 41 32 to 41 4. DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC ADVANCES TO MANAGE THE EQUINE ENDOMETRITIS by S. M. KALASWA, H. C. NAKHASHI, B. N. SUTHAR, H. K. THUMAR, M. R. PATEL, T.V. SUTARIA AND V.L. SOLANKI http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1222 <p>Endometritis is failure of the uterus to clear foreign contaminants (i.e., bacteria, spermatozoa) resulting in inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium). This is an important cause of reduced fertility and infertility in mares, and therefore is a major contributor to economic loss in the industry. Most cases of endometritis are the result of bacterial infections involving such bacteria as Streptococcus zooepidemicus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and less commonly Taylorella equigenitalis (which causes contagious equine metritis or CEM). Yeast and fungi (Candida spp. and Aspergillus spp., for example) can also infect the uterus. The normal mare uterus is protected from external contamination by the vulva, vestibule, vagina, and cervix, which function as physical barriers that block the passage of foreign material(s). Injury, anatomic abnormalities, or loss of structural function (e.g., post-foaling) can permit the introduction of microorganisms into the uterus, resulting in endometritis. In severe or persistent cases, a chronic endometritis can develop accompanied by degenerative changes of the endometrium, including fibrosis (scarring). This condition is usually noted in older, multiparus mares (those which have foaled more than twice). Semen also incites an inflammatory reaction in the uterus post-breeding. Almost all mares develop a transient, post-breeding endometritis regardless of breeding technique (natural or artificial insemination). Mares with persistent post-breeding Endometritis (PPBEM) have an increased rate of embryonic loss and a lower overall pregnancy rate than those without the condition. To enhance conception rates, mares at high risk need optimal breeding management as well as early Adavnces diagnosis, followed by the most appropriate Adavnces treatment and Mangement.<br>KEYWORDS: Equine, Endometritis, Ultrasonography, Uterine cytology, Uterine biopsy, Antibiotics Antifungal agents, Mechanical curettage, Chemical curettage, Uterine lavage, Immunomodulators, Bacteriology, Cytology, Buffered chelators, Mucolytics, Corticosteroids, Plasma therapy, Acupuncture therapy. Herbal therapy.</p> S. M. KALASWA, H. C. NAKHASHI, B. N. SU H. K. THUMAR, M. R. PATEL, T.V. SUTARIA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 106 13 to 33 13 to 33 2. DYSTOCIA IN A MURRAH BUFFALO DUE TO MONOCEPHALUS THORACOPAGUS TETRABRACHIUS TETRAPUS DICAUDATUS MONSTER THROUGH SUBCUTANEOUS FETOTOMY by PRAMOD KUMAR1, SANDEEP DOLPURIA1, ASHOK KUMAR1, AMIT KU http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1221 <p>This report describes a rare case of conjoined monocephalus thoracophagus tetrabrachius tetrapus dicaudatus monster in a pluriparous Murrah buffalo at TVCC, RAJUVAS, Bikaner and delivered by subcutaneous fetotomy under epidural anesthesia.<br>KEYWORDS: Buffalo, twin monster, dystocia, subcutaneous fetotomy.</p> PRAMOD KUMAR, SANDEEP DOLPURIA, ASHOK KU AMIT KUMAR, SWATI RUHEL, DHRAMVEER SING ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 106 5 to 9 5 to 9 1. LEMNA MINOR L. (LEMNACEAE) NATURALIZED IN PANCHMAHAL DISTRICT, GUJARAT, INDIA by P.K. PATEL1 AND K.D. SORATHIA2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1219 <p>Lemna minor L. is newly observed as naturalized in Panchmahals District, Gujarat, India. Description and Photographs of the plant are provided.<br>KEYWORDS: Lemna minor, New record, Panam River, Santroad, Gujarat, India.</p> P.K. PATEL AND K.D. SORATHIA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 106 1 to 4 1 to 4 3. DYSTOCIA DUE TO SCHISTOSOMUS REFLEXUS (CO-TWIN) IN A MARWARI GOAT- A CASE REPORT by DHRAMVEER SINGH1, PRAMOD KUMAR2, MEHTA JS4, ASHOK KUMAR2, AMIT KUMAR2, SWATI RUHEL3, AND VINOD DUDI1 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1220 <p>A rare case of dystocia due to schistosomus reflexus (co-twin) in a Marwari goat and its successful per vaginal delivery is described in this case report.<br>KEYWORDS: Dystocia, Schistosoma reflexus, Goat.</p> DHRAMVEER SINGH, PRAMOD KUMAR, MEHTA JS, ASHOK KUMAR, AMIT KUMAR, SWATI RUHEL, AN ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 106 10 to 12 10 to 12 5. CONSERVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANT – TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA THROUGH TISSUE CULTURE TECHNICS by ANJALI TRIVEDI AND DR. VIVEK VEGDA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1223 <p>As par the Red List of threatened species 44 plant species are critically endangered, 113 endangered and 87 vulnerable (IUCN, 2000). Many medicinal plants are also suffering from over harvesting and habitat loss. Population growth, development and the unlimited collection of medicinal plants from the wild is causing in an over-exploitation of natural resources. Therefore, the management of traditional medicinal plant resources has become a matter of urgency. Demand of increasing medicinal plants based medicines warrants their mass propagation through plant tissue culture strategy. Tissue culture technology is potent and has opened extensive areas of research for biodiversity conservation. Tissue culture protocols have been developed for a wide range of medicinal plants, which includes endangered, rare and threatened plant species. In this work medicinal plant Tinospora cordifolia is selected for the study.<br>KEYWORDS: Medicinal Plants, Conservation Plant Tissue Culture, Tinospora cordifolia.</p> ANJALI TRIVEDI AND DR. VIVEK VEGDA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 106 34 to 36 34 to 36 3. INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC, INORGANIC AND BIOFERTILIZERS ON QUALITY CHARACTERS OF TOMATO FRUITS by GOLDI JAIN1, K.N. NAGAICH1, K.V. SINGH AND V.B. SINGH3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1218 <p>Organic farming is a production system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetically produced fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and livestock feed additives. Due to escalating cost of chemical fertilizers and objective of minimizing environmental pollution, the search of alternative source of plant nutrients is imperative. The present investigation was conducted during Rabi season 2015-16 and 2016-17 in the experimental field of Department of Horticulture, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (RVSKVV), College of Agriculture, Gwalior (M.P.). Amongst the combined application of organic and inorganic nutrients, T11 continued to be the best with respect to quality also. The highest pooled mean of total soluble solids (6.10 °Brix), ascorbic acid content (28.22 mg/100g of pulp), number of locules per fruit (6.50) and pericarp thickness of fruit (68.15 mm) were from the fertility treatment T11. The second best fertility treatment was T10 50 %NPK (60:30:40 kg/ha) and 50% FYM (12ton/ha) along with Azospirillium (2 kg/ha)). T1 (control) was found to have least number of (3.00) among all the treatments. On the other hand, the cumulative functions of applied nutrients played unique differential role in metabolism which provided conductive conditions for better utilization of photosynthates towards qualitative changes in tomato.<br>KEYWORDS: FYM, Total Soluble Solids, Vermicompost, Azospirillium,&nbsp;Tomato, Quality.</p> GOLDI JAIN, K.N. NAGAICH K.V. SINGH AND V.B. SINGH ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 106 10 to 18 10 to 18 2. A REVIEW ON ENDANGERED PLANT -LEPTADENIA RETICULATA (RETZ.) WIGHT. & ARN. by M.A. CHAUDHARY AND R.A. CHAUDHARY http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1216 <p>Leptadenia reticulate (Retz.) Wight. &amp; Arn. is a twinning shrub of Asclepiadaceae family. It is an endangered in nature, also known as Jivanti or Dodi. It has lots of medicinal property. It is also one of the important drugs in Ayurveda which is used in treatment of many of the disease. It’s principle constituent are Leptadenol, a-sitosterol, a-amyrin and alkaloid like Jibentin and á and a-Jivantic acids and also contains the alterative, aphrodisiac, astringent, Galactogogue, diuretic and used as atonic in debility due to seminal discharges, also useful in asthma. This review presents the valuable properties of Leptadenia reticulata.<br>KEYWORDS: Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) Wight.&amp; Arn., Botanical description, Chemical constituents, Medicinal properties.</p> M.A. CHAUDHARY AND R.A. CHAUDHARY ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 106 4 to 9 4 to 9 1. RNA EDITING IN DISEASES by ARIJIT SHOME1 AND RATANTI SARKHEL2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1217 <p>RNA editing is one of the post-transcriptional RNA processes. RNA editing generates RNA and protein diversity in eukaryotes and results in specific amino acid substitutions, deletions, and changes in gene expression levels. Adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing represents the most important class of editing in human and affects function of many genes. The importance of balancing RNA modification levels across time and space is becoming increasingly evident. RNA editing has been observed in some tRNA, rRNA, mRNA or miRNA molecules of eukaryotes and their viruses, archaea and prokaryotes. RNA editing occurs in the cell nucleus and cytosol, as well as within mitochondria and plastids.</p> ARIJIT SHOME AND RATANTI SARKHEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 106 1 to 3 1 to 3 4. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT ON WATER RESOURCE OF AFGHAN PART AMU RIVER BASIN by MOHAMMAD DAWOD SHIRZAD1 AND HITESH ARVINDBHAI SOLANKI2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1215 <p>Following three decades, political climate change, unrest and civil war, Afghanistan faces many different environmental problems; mainly water is a serious problem nationwide. Because of Afghanistan’s innate landlocked country, virtually all major Afghanistan’s rivers drain off into riparian neighbouring countries. According to the UNEP post-conflict environment Assessment report on Afghanistan, where as the country as a whole uses less than one-third of its water potential 75000 million cubic meters. Due to water scarcity, damaged water infrastructure systems during long term climate change and civil war in urban and rural areas, water is a major and important problem, especially in Afghan part Amu river basin. Afghan part Amu river basin is divided into three categories, mountainous area, the area where using of water is with more cost and the plat areas. The 3ed category is more affected in the recent climate change, many hundred hectare land has destructed in the unseasonal flood, caused by rapid melting of glaciers during the year. In general Afghan part of the Amu river basin is located in the upstream part of the Amu river basin. In the recent climate change in Afghan part Amu river basin as a result of drought in (1999-2003) in Afghanistan specially in the Amu river basin degraded widespread natural resources: lowered water tables, dried up wetlands, eroded land, depleted&nbsp;wildlife populations and denuded forests. Excessive extraction of water for agriculture proposes combined with long term drought has led to drastic declines in water resources and absolutely Amu’s Environment is under the great pressures.<br>KEYWORDS: Amu river, Glaciers, Climate Change, Water Resources.</p> MOHAMMAD DAWOD SHIRZAD AND HITESH ARVINDBHAI SOLANKI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 106 19 to 32 19 to 32 5. STUDY OF PLANTS USES IN PATOLA MAKING by N.B. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1358 <p>Dewelling on the fast colour of the Patola, a Gujarat poet wrote; "<strong><em>Padi patole bhat faatey pan phite nahin</em></strong>"&nbsp;meaning the design laid down in the patola may be torn, but it shall never fade.</p> <p>In Patola only natural dyes are used like catechu, cochineal, indigo, turmeric, Natural Lakh, Harde, madder roots, manjistha, ratnajyot, katha, kesudo, pomegranate skin, henna, marigold flower, etc to display vibrant colours in the silk sari or fabric.</p> <p><strong><em>KEY WORDS: </em></strong><em>Patola, Plants, Double Ikat, Patan.</em></p> N.B. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-11-01 2017-11-01 106 33 to 41 33 to 41 2. TREATMENT OF LERNEA CYPRINACEA INFESTATION IN BLUE MOLLY, POECILIA SPHENOPS by RAVINDRAGOUDA PATIL1, N. MANJAPPA1, K.S. MANJUNATHA GOWDA1 AND PRIYANAKA M GOWDA1 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1205 <p>The incidence of Lernaea cyprinacea infestation on the ornamental fish species, Poecilia sphenops (Blue Molly) and its treatment has been reported in the present study. Fish were collected from 2 m2 cement ponds maintained at Fisheries Research and Information Center, KVAFSU, Hesaraghatta, Bengaluru, Karnataka. The average number of Lernaea cyprinacea per fish before treatment was estimated to be 7.63± 0.59 for T1, 6.57± 0.66 for T2, 6.73± 0.41 for T3 and 6.93± 0.39 for control. In the present study, the basibiont, Lernaea cyprinacea was covered predominantly by colonies of peritrichous ciliate such as Epistylis, followed by rotifers and also occasionally by filamentous algae, Oscillatoria and diatoms.Three different treatments with 2% NaCl for 20 minutes (T1), 5 ppm KMnO4 for 30 seconds (T2) and 5 ppm Formalin for 30 seconds (T3) were used in the present study. The average number of basibiont, L. cyprinacea per fish after the treatment was estimated to be 3.03±0.42 for T1, 2.67±0.27 for T2, 3.30±0.24 for T3 and 6.93± 0.39 for control. It was observed in the present study that 5 ppm KMnO4 for 30 seconds gave the best results when compared to the other two treatments with NaCl and formalin.<br>KEY WORD: Lernaea cyprinacea, Poecilia sphenops, NaCl, KMnO4, Formalin, Treatment.</p> RAVINDRAGOUDA PATIL, N. MANJAPPA K.S. MANJUNATHA GOWDA AND PRIYANAKA M GO ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 11 to 19 11 to 19 3. INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT TREATMENTS ON FORMATION AND ACCEPTABILITY OF GUAVA CHEESE by HARJINDER SINGH1, DILIP SINGH KACHWAYA1AND GHUMARE VIKAS1 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1207 <p>Guava cheese is the chewable confectionary item containing sugar and butter as the major ingredients. Seeds are removed and make fine pulp. According to recipe or treatment combinations the mixture heated upto 700Brix.Then citric acid and salt solution was added and heated up to 770Brix. Then allowed to cool and set. The organoleptic evaluation was carried out of prepared guava cheese. Present experiment was laid out in Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five treatments viz. T1- Guava pulp (1kg) + Sugar (1 kg) + Ghee (100g), T2 - Guava pulp (1kg) + Sugar (1.2 kg) + Ghee (100 g), T3 - Guava pulp (1kg) + Jaggary (1kg) + Ghee (100 g), T4 - Guava pulp (1kg) + Jaggary (1.2 kg) + Ghee (100g), T5 - Guava pulp (1kg) +Artificial sweetener + Ghee (100 g) were used for formation of guava cheese. Each treatment was replicated four times. The results of the research show that the guava cheese formed from use of jaggary 1.2 kg along with 1kg guava pulp and 100g ghee shows good organoleptic rating (7.20) and better quality parameters. However, the present investigation of use of different treatment combinations shows a non-significant interaction between different treatment combinations. Thus treatment combination in which jaggary 1.2 kg along with 1 kg guava pulp and 100g ghee was considered the most benefit tested one for formation and acceptability of guava cheese having good texture, colour and taste. This is less costly and farmers could easily adopt to increase their income by formation of guava cheese in the glut period.&nbsp;</p> <p>KEY WORD: Artificial sweetener, Chewiness, Guava cheese, Jaggary, Organoleptic evaluation, Sugar.</p> HARJINDER SINGH DILIP SINGH KACHWAYAAND GHUMARE VIKAS ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 20 to 24 20 to 24 1. DETERMINATION OF SOME PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF RICE SEEDS GENERALLY GROWN IN CHHATTISGARH by LIKESHWAR SAHU, MANISHA SAHU, AJAY VERMA AND MD. QUASIM http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1206 <p>Basic physical properties of agricultural materials play important role for optimizing the design of equipment and facilities for the harvesting, handling, conveying, separation, drying, storing, and processing. In this study, some physical properties of thirteen varieties of paddy were investigated. The physical properties Length (L), Width (W), Thickness (T), and Mass (M) were function of moisture content and measured at a moisture content of 13.34 ± 0.51% (dry basis) and the following results were obtained: the average split length, width, thickness and unit mass of 1000seeds are 8.74 mm, 2.46 mm, 1.85 mm and 22.97 g respectively. Comparatively highest length was obtained for the variety of Chandrahashini among the thirteen varieties of paddy. Width, thickness, geometric mean diameter and surface area were observed highest for the variety of IGKV R1 among the thirteen varieties of paddy. Javaful resulted highest sphericity, aspect ratio, true density and porosity among the thirteen different varieties of paddy. Weight of 1000 seeds and bulk density were highest for the variety of Mahamaya among the thirteen varieties of paddy.<br>KEY WORD: Bulk density; Paddy (Oryza sativa L.); Physical properties; Porosity; Sphericity.</p> LIKESHWAR SAHU AND MANISHA SAHU ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 1 to 10 1 to 10 6. ETHNOBOTANY OF MASSIF MERIDIONAL OF THE ATLAS TELLIAN (DJEBEL MEGRISS) by GOURARI BARIZA1, BOULAACHAB NACIRA1 AND FARIDA BENIA 2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1210 <p>This phytothepeutic study was carried out in Djebel Megriss (wilaya of Sétif), whose population is very much linked to the various natural resources. Thus, the resent work was carried out in order to carry out an inventory of medicinal plants used in the Djebel Megriss region and gather information concerning therapeutic uses. The method of work consists of investigations with herbalists and the local population. The results of our study identified 21 medicinal secies used by the local population. The foliage is found to be the most used part; the decoction is the practiced form. Also that medicinal plants are widely used in the following deseases : hypertension and diabetes, diseases of digestive and respiratory systems.<br>KEY WORD: Phytotherapy, Investigation, Medicinal plants, Djebel Megriss.</p> GOURARI BARIZA BOULAACHAB NACIRA AND FARIDA BENIA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 36 to 41 36 to 41 7. EFFECT OF PRUNING AND FERTILIZER APPLICATION TO OPTIMIZE BRANCHING AND FRUITING IN JATROPHA CURCAS L. by DIWAKAR PRASAD NIRALA, 1SANTOSH PRASAD, 2A. SINHA AND 3RAJNEESH KUMAR http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1211 <p>Appropriate canopy management by pruning supported with fertilizer application under different growing condition of siliviculture system can obtain large number of branches (sprouts) for maximum production of fruits. The main objective of this study was to increase the number of sprouts (branches) so as to optimize flowering and fruiting through silviculture. Treatment T10 showed better result in terms of growth parameters like height, collar diameter, number of sprouts, number of flowering branches and length &amp; breadth of canopy. It could be due to the treatment consisting of fertilizers (Urea, DAP, MoP) which is considered to be ideal for effective healthy plants that showed better performance. Also it is important to prune the plant after it has attained a minimum vegetative growth as in this case of Treatment 10.<br>KEY WORD: Fertilizer, Pruning, Jatropha curcas, Branches, Fruits.</p> DIWAKAR PRASAD NIRALA SANTOSH PRASAD, A. SINHA AND RAJNEESH KU ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 42 to 49 42 to 49 5. BREEDING PRACTICES OF DAIRY ANIMALS IN THE TRIBAL AREA OF SABARKANTHA by Y. M. GAMI, K. J. ANKUYA AND J. J. MISTRY http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1209 <p>The study was conducted purposively in Sabarkantha district to ascertain the breeding practices followed by tribal dairy animal owners. A field survey was conducted during December, 2015 to April, 2016. Two talukas from Sabarkantha district were selected which have majority of tribal population engaged with animal husbandry for their livelihood. Five villages from each taluka were selected randomly and from each village twenty respondents were randomly selected. Total 200 dairy animal owners were interviewed personaly with the help of questionnaires prepared. The present study revealed that 100 % respondents depend on behavioral signs for heat detection and 80% respondents revels heat on the basis of mucous discharge and bellowing. After confirming heat symptoms, 77% farmers use natural service for breeding their animals by local available bull. The pregnancy diagnosis practice was followed by 26% farmers only and 65% respondents go for veterinary service for the treatment of animals suffering from gynaecological problems. Only 10% respondents keep records related to breeding management practices.<br>KEY WORD: Breeding, Dairy animals, Sabarkantha, Tribal.</p> Y. M. GAMI, K. J. ANKUYA AND J. J. MISTRY ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 31 to 35 31 to 35 4. HERD STRUCTURE OF KANKREJ CATTLE AT AN ORGANIZED FARM by Dr. K. J. ANKUYA1, DR. K. B. PRAJAPATI2 AND DR. ABHINAV JOSHI3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1208 <p>An analysis was performed to study the herd structure of Kankrej cattle at an organized farm of Gujarat State. The data were collected from Livestock Research Station, S. D. Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar. Data were collected from Livestock records from January 2003 to December 2013. The herd strength ranged between 199.50 to 230.00 with a mean of 176.86 ± 08.25 units. The average herd composition includes cow, heifer (above two year), heifer (1-2 year), heifer calf, male (above two year), male (1-2 year), male calf, breeding bull and bullock/teaser was 89.91 ± 04.11, 28.55 ± 01.73, 10.09 ± 00.45, 08.43 ± 00.37, 07.88 ± 01.35, 06.91 ± 00.60, 08.57 ± 00.62, 09.89 ± 03.24 and 06.64 ± 01.48 units, respectively. The average proportion of animals against respective categories was 50.84, 16.14, 05.71, 04.77, 04.45, 03.91, 04.84, 05.59 and 03.75 per cent.<br>KEY WORD: Herd structure, Kankrej, LRS.</p> Dr. K. J. ANKUYA DR. ABHINAV JOSHI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 25 to 30 25 to 30 8. SACRED AND MEDICINAL PLANT DIVERSITY OF PATAN SACRED GROVE OF PATAN DISTRICT (N.G.) by H.M. PATEL AND N.K. PATEL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1213 <p>A detailed study was conducted in the Patan district. Two sacred groves to evaluate the floristic composition of the grove. Analysis of plant diversity available within the boundary of the sacred grove revealed altogether 33 species.<br>KEY WORD: Khodha, Meldimata sacred groves, Diversity</p> H.M. PATEL AND N. K. PATEL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 50 to 60 50 to 60 9. GENETIC AND NON-GENETIC FACTORS AFFECTING REPRODUCTION TRAITS IN MEHSANA BUFFALOES by G. A. PARMAR1, J. P. GUPTA2, D. P. PANDEY3, J. D. CHAUDHARI4, B. M. PRAJAPATI5, R. N. SATHWARA6 AND P. A. PATEL7 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1214 <p>The data pertaining to various test day yields in Mehsana buffaloes (12524 lactation production records of 7870 buffaloes) were collected from Dudhsagar Research and Development Association (DURDA), Dudhsagar Dairy, Mehsana for the period from 1986 to 2013. The data were divided into three parities, two seasons viz. least calving (January - June) and most calving (July – December) seasons, three clusters (Based on geographic location where data recording were done in 74 villages), five periods (each of five years) and three age at first calving (AFC) groups. The least squares means for service period and calving interval were 214.64±7.18 days and 512.41±7.02 days. The analysis of variance revealed that parity of lactation, season of calving, period of calving and age at first calving group had highly significant (P≤0.01) effect on these traits, however clusters had non-significant effect on service period (SP) in Mehsana buffaloes. The h2 estimates for service period and calving interval were 0.06±0.02 and&nbsp;0.05±0.0. Repeatability estimates for service period and calving interval were 0.02±0.33 and 0.07±0.30.<br>KEY WORD: Heritability, Mehsana buffaloes, Non-genetic factors, Repeatability.</p> G. A. PARMAR, J. P. GUPTA, D. P. PANDEY, B. M. PRAJAPATI, R. N. SATHWARA AND P. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 61 to 69 61 to 69 10. A REVIEW ON DISTRIBUTION OF BAMBOOS by 1DIWAKAR PRASAD NIRALA, 2NIRBHAY AMBASTA AND 3PHALLO KUMARI http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1212 <p>The main aim of this review paper is to find out the distribution of different bamboo species in different area of the world. There are approximately 1500 species under 87 genera of bamboo are found in all over the world. About 14 million hectares of the earth surface is covered by bamboo forest, 80% in Asia. Bamboos are available in all continents except Europe. The distribution of bamboo extends from 510N latitude in Sakhalin island of Japan to 470S in Sourth Argentina. India is the rich source of genetic diversity of bamboo with 136 species of bamboo in 23 genera spread (natural &amp; planted) over an around 11.4 million ha in 28 states and union territories, which constitute 16.7 percent of total forest area in the country. India is the second richest country in term of bamboo genetic resources after China. In Asia, China contains more than 500 species followed by India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Malaysia, each with more than a hundred species. Asian countries, about 84 species are found in Japan, 90 in Myanmar (Barma), 55 in Philippines, 50 in Thailand, 44 in Malaysia, 31 in Indonesia, 30 in Nepal and 30 in Srilanka. There are 33 species under 9 genera of bamboo species have been recorded in Bangladesh. America is another country which is rich region with 429 species and 20 genera. Ethiopia is the only country of Africa that have comparatively richer in bamboo resources and 67 % of African bamboo resources are found in this country.&nbsp;</p> <p>KEY WORD: Bamboo, Species, Resources, Distribution, Diversity.</p> DIWAKAR PRASAD NIRALA NIRBHAY AMBASTA AND PHALLO KUMARI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-10-01 2017-10-01 106 70 to 78 70 to 78 3. INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT APPROACH FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF POD BORER, HELICOVERPA ARMIGERA (HUBNER) ON PIGEONPEA by UPESH KUMAR http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1196 <p>Pigeon pea one of the major pulse crops grown in India accounting for 44 percent of the total area under pulses and about 60 per cent of the total pulse production. Several species of pod borers constitute the major pests of this crop and cause yield loss of 28 per cent. Assess the IPM module (Summer Deep Ploughing + Optimum seed rate (20 Kg/ Ha) + Intercropping with maize + Pheromone trap (20/Ha) +Need based application of insecticide) for the management of pod borer in pigeon pea in Sehore district (Madhya Pradesh) during 2009-10 &amp; 2010-11. The average larval population were recorded under experimental plot are 0.78 larvae per running meter whereas 3.81 no of larvae are recorded in control plot resulted enhance the productivity are 8.44 %.<br>KEY WORDS: Pigeon pea [ Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh], Integrated Pest Management, Productivity, B:C ratio.</p> UPESH KUMAR ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 106 17 to 20 17 to 20 2. STUDY OF PHYTOBENTHOS IN VAITARNA RIVER NEAR GHODMAL, TAL-VADA, THANE, MAHARASHTRA by SHILPA K. PATIL-BHONDE AND R.P. ATHALYE http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1198 <p>Phytobenthos are the benthic primary producers which can supply up to 33% of organic budget of aquatic ecosystem, providing an important energy source for the food web. Due to growing urbanization, sand from rivers which is best for construction purpose, is heavily demanded and hence sand dredging is a common anthropogenic activity in the riverbeds. This can adversely affect the Phytobenthos. Quantitative and qualitative composition of Phytobenthos was studied monthly, at sand dredged and undredged sites in Vaitarna River at Ghodmal, Tal.-Vada, Dist. Thane, Maharashtra during period Oct. 2008 to Sept. 2009. The Phytobenthos of the two sites comprised of 14 genera types belonging to Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae and Cyanophyceae. The dominant genera were Oscillatoria, Spirogyra, Navicula, Lyngbya, Spirulina which are known to be pollution tolerant. In the present paper the seasonal fluctuations in the Phytobenthos types and their correlation with the environmental parameters are elaborated.<br>KEY WORDS: Vaitarna River, Phytobenthos, Environmental parameters Sand dredging.</p> SHILPA K. PATIL-BHONDE AND R.P. ATHALYE ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 106 8 to 16 8 to 16 1. INCIDENCE OF EPIBIONTIC ASSOCIATIONSHIPS ON LERNEA CYPRINACEA PARASITIC ON BLUE MOLLY, POECILIA SPHENOPS by N. MANJAPPA1, RAVINDRAGOUDA PATIL1, K.S. MANJUNATHA GOWDA1 AND PRIYANAKA M GOWDA1 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1199 <p>The incidence of epibiont protozoan, Epistylis spp. (Ciliophora, Peritrichia) attached to Lernaea cyprinacea parasitic on ornamental fish species, Poecilia sphenops (Blue Molly) has been reported in the present study. Fish were collected from 2 m2 cement ponds maintained at Fisheries Research and Information Center, KVAFSU, Hesaraghatta, Bengaluru, Karnataka. The average number of basibiont, Lernaea cyprinacea per fish was estimated to be 11.25 ± 2.52. The color of the epibiontic association varied from creamy white to green. In the present study, the basibiont, Lernaea cyprinacea was covered predominantly by colonies of peritrichous ciliate such as Epistylis, followed by rotifers and also occasionally by filamentous algae, Oscillatoria and diatoms. The color of the entire association was creamy white when only Epistylis spp. colonies with rotifers and some diatoms were found. The color was green in the associations where filamentous algae was also present.<br>KEY WORD: Epistylis, Lernaea cyprinacea, Epibiosis, Poecilia sphenops</p> N. MANJAPPA, RAVINDRAGOUDA PATIL K.S. MANJUNATHA GOWDA AND PRIYANAKA M GO ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 106 1 to 7 1 to 7 4. Review-EFFECT OF ORGANIC MANURE ON RICE-WHEAT CROPPING SYSTEM by MANISHA SAHU, DR. AJAY VERMA AND DR. V.M. VICTOR http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1197 <p>The importance of organic manures and fertilizers in the maintenance and improvement of soil productivity particularly under intensive cultivation. Organic manures are the valuable byproducts of farming and allied industries derived from plant and animal resources. These organic manures being slow in release of nutrients, assume greater significance in a cropping sequence than individual crops and their usefulness needs to be investigated on long term basis. In this context, available literature in respect of nutrient content, effect of composting, effect of application of organic manure on soil properties, yield and quality of crops and residual effects are reviewed in this paper. The continuous depletion of nutrients due to intensive cropping system is posing a serious threat to sustainable agriculture. At the same time, the farmers cannot afford to supply all the essential nutrients through chemical fertilizers. Organic sources of the nutrients although in small quantities, can solve the problem to some extent and help to conserve soil health. It is widely recognized that neither organic manures nor chemical fertilizers used separately can achieve the yield sustainability at a higher order under the modern intensive farming, in which the nutrient turnover in the soil-plant system has been quite high. Integrated plant nutrient supply system involving conjunctive use of chemical fertilizers and organics assume great significance particularly in rice-wheat cropping system mainly due to two reasons. First, the system requires the application&nbsp;of higher amounts of nutrients than used at present and the present level of fertilizer availability and economic conditions of large number of Indian farmers do not allow this. Secondly, it leads to soil health deterioration because of high nutrient requirement. Several studies have also indicated that in intensive cropping systems the sustainability could be achieved only through integration of inorganic and organic sources of nutrients. But in future, it is needed to conducting experimental research on rice-wheat cropping system with organic fertilizer only.<br>KEY WORDS: Rice-Wheat Cropping, Organic Manure, Chemical Fertilizer.</p> MANISHA SAHU DR. AJAY VERMA AND DR. V.M. VICTOR ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 106 21 to 30 21 to 30 6. EFFECT OF IVERMECTIN ON HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF HELMINTH INFESTED SHEEP by PATEL, M. J.1, BHATIYA, S. I.2, SHEKH, I. J.3, http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1202 <p>Sheep are important species of livestock in India which contribute greatly to the areas where crop and dairy farming are not economical. In the present study, Helminth infected sheep were divided into three groups viz. Treatment group-I (n=30) animals were treated with Ivermectin injection at 0 day, group – II (n=10) animals were infested with various helminth and not treated with anthelmintic and kept as a positive control group and group-III (n=10) animals were negative for helminth kept as a negative control group. Blood samples were taken for haematological estimation at 0,7th and 14th day in group-I. However, in group-II and III were taken at 0 day. In the present investigation significant reduction in Hb, TEC and PCV, non-significant increase in TLC and eosinophil and no significant difference in neutrophil, lymphocyte and monocytes were observed, which indicated normocytic normochromic anaemia. These might be due to blood loss due to ingestion and excretion of ingested erythrocytes by the nematode.&nbsp;</p> <p>KEY WORDS: Sheep, Helminth, Ivermectin, Haematology.</p> PATEL, M. J., BHATIYA, S. I., SHEKH, I. MAKWANA, M. D.  AND PARSANI, H. R. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 106 41 to 47 41 to 47 7. EVALUATION OF ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF LEAVES AND SEED EXTRACTS OF ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS MEDIK. by ABHISHEK DWIVEDI1, GIRENDRA GAUTAM1 AND AMEETA ARGAL http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1200 <p>Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. commonly known as Musk mallow (E) and Kasturi bhendi (Hindi) is an aromatic and medicinal plant belongs to Malvaceae family. The plant has numerous medicinal values as claimed by traditional and folk lore. The PEE, CE, EE and AE of Abelmoschus moschatus leaves and seed were evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity in animal models and the results indicates that the extract found to have significant (P &lt; 0.01) anti-inflammatory activity in rats. The PEE, CE, EE and AE of Abelmoschus moschatus leaves at the test doses 200 and 400 mg/kg b.w. reduced the oedema induced by at 5 h is more, when compared with the PEE, CE, EE and AE of Abelmoschus moschatus seeds at the test doses 200 and 400 mg/kg b.w. when compared to standard drug and control group.<br>KEY WORDS: Abelmoschus moschatus, Anti-inflammatory activity, Leaves, Seed extract.</p> ABHISHEK DWIVEDI GIRENDRA GAUTAM AND AMEETA ARGAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 106 48 to 54 48 to 54 8. STUDY ON COCCIDIOSIS IN CALVES AT JUNAGADH DISTRICT, GUJARAT, INDIA by BRAHMBHATT, N. N.,1 THAKRE, B. J., 1 BINOD KUMAR., 1 BHINSARA, D. B.,2 AND JIMMY PATEL1 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1203 <p>This study was undertaken to derive the prevalence rate of coccidiosis in calves by a collection of fecal samples from Junagadh district. The fecal samples were collected from the calves brought to the hospital of veterinary college and the surrounding areas of Junagadh district. On the day of collection, fecal samples were collected and brought to the Department of Veterinary Parasitology and processed for standard qualitative examination. The sedimentation technique was used to detect the presence of Eimeria spp. (Coccidia) in the samples. The highest prevalence rate was observed in the winter season and rainy season whereas the prevalence rate was lower in summer season. As per the age wise prevalence of 72.00 % in young age (&gt;3 month) and 68.88 % in Young age ( &lt;3 month) from the fecal samples. Overall the highest prevalence of coccidiosis was noticed in male and lowest in female by examining fecal samples of Junagadh district. The sex wise prevalence of 72.41% in male and 68.29% in female from the fecal samples.<br>KEY WORDS: Coccidiosis, Calve, Fecal, Prevalence rate, Sedimentation technique.</p> BRAHMBHATT, N. N., THAKRE, B. J. BINOD KUMAR., BHINSARA, D. B.,AND JIMMY ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 106 55 to 59 55 to 59 5. DIVERSITY ,UTILITY AND ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF FRUIT VEGETABLE FROM HOMESTEAD GARDENS IN TRIBAL REGION OF KHANDESH (MAHARASHTRA )INDIA by KHAIRNAR1 S.B., PATIL2 M.V. AND D.A. PATIL3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1201 <p>This paper informs about fruit vegetable sources w.r.t. their diversity and traditional utility in view of food security in tribal tehsils of Khandesh region of state of Maharashtra ( India). In all 16 species belonging to 14 genera and 05 families are utilized from homestead gardens(only two species are exotic). Apart from dietary uses, other miscellaneous and traditional use –reports are also studied. Overall subsistence throughout the year is highlighted. Utilisation, apart from the classic purposes, adapted by the tribals is noteworthy.<br>KEY WORDS: Home Garden, Fruit Vegetable, Khandesh.</p> KHAIRNAR S.B., PATIL M.V. AND D.A. PATIL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 106 31 to 40 31 to 40 9. PREVALENCE OF PERIANAL GLAND ADENOMA IN CANINES IN GUJARAT by SONAL V. CHAUDHARI1, B. P. JOSHI1, D. N. DESAI2, D. J. GHODASARA1, R. B. GONDALIYA3, KOMAL R. CHOUDHARY1 AND AASHWINA MADHWAL1 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1204 <p>The present study was aimed to know the prevalence of perianal gland adenoma in canine. A total of 347 biopsy sample of dog were received by Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand during the year 2008 to 2015. The biopsy samples were subjected to histopathological examination by using H&amp;E staining method. Out of 347 biopsy samples, the perianal gland adenoma revealed in 5.7% cases. All the cases were found in male dogs only between age group of 8 to14 years. The highest (25%) incidence was recorded at 12 years of age. It was found in most of the breed however the German shepherd was the most affected breed followed by Labrador retriever. Grossly in most of the case, single or multiple nodular mass around the anal region, perianal region, and lateral to anus was observed. Microscopically, most of the cases revealed lobules or cords of large round to polyhedral cells. The cytoplasm was abundant, acidophilic and granular. The nuclei were hyper chromatic round and centrally located. Single row of basal cells&nbsp;was seen at the periphery of the lobules. The pattern of neoplastic cells was identical in most of cases.<br>Some of the cases also revealed typical hepatoid cells and squamous metaplasia.<br>KEY WORDS: Prevalence, Perianal gland adenoma, Biopsy, Tumour.</p> SONAL V. CHAUDHARI, B. P. JOSHI, D. N. D R. B. GONDALIYA, KOMAL R. CHOUDHARY AND ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 106 60 to 65 60 to 65 3. MURRAYA KOENIGII (L)-A MULTIPOTENTIAL MEDICINAL PLANTS by VINEETA, T. DEY AND U. LEPCHA http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1193 <p>Murraya koenigii (L) Spreng. is an tropical and subtropical tree commonly known as curry leaf or curry neem is an important Indian culinary medicinal plant with high aroma belonging to the family Rutaceae. It represents more than 150 genera and 1600 species (Jain et al., 2012). It is more or less deciduous shrub or small tree upto a height of 6 meters in Himalayan region and 15-40 cm in diameter. The main stem is dark green to brownish in colour with numerous dots on it; its bark can be peeled off longitudinally, exposing the white wood underneath. Leaves are alternate, exstipulate, bipinnately compound, 30 cm long, each bearing 24 leaflets, having reticulate venation. Flowers, bisexual, white, funnel-shaped, sweetly scented, stalked the average diameter of a fully opened flower being 1.12 cm. Fully ripe fruits are black in colour which is round to oblong, 1.4 to 1.6 cm long, 1 to 1.2 cm in diameter; weight, 880 mg; volume, 895 micro litres. The individual seed is 11 mm long, 8 mm in diameter (Singh et al., 2014).</p> VINEETA, T. DEY AND U. LEPCHA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-08-01 2017-08-01 106 11 to 13 11 to 13 4. ADOPTION OF SUSTAINABLE CULTIVATION PRACTICES FOLLOWED BY STRAWBERRY GROWERS by MUJAWAR R.H. 1, PATIL R.L.2 GAIKWAD S.S.3 AND BHANGE S. B.4 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1195 <p>Globally, strawberries are grown in huge quantities in Australia, the U.S.A. (California and Florida), Italy, Germany, Spain and France. Strawberry is important fruit crop of India and its commercial production is possible in temperate and subtropical climate. In India it is generally cultivated in the hills. Strawberry is also successfully cultivated in plains also in Maharashtra around Pune, Nashik and Sangali districts of Maharashtra. The present study on adoption of sustainable cultivation practices followed by strawberry growers was undertaken in Mahabaleshawar tehsil of Satara district region of western Maharashtra State with sample size of 110 respondents from 6 villages. Data were collected on personal, socio-economic, communicational and psychological profile of farmers and knowledge and adoption sustainable practices was certain by using exploratory design of social research. Data from the respondents were collected by personally interviewing with the help of present and well- structured interview schedule. About 61.82 per cent of the respondents have medium level of adoption about sustainable cultivation practices followed in strawberry cultivation.<br>KEYWORDS: Adoption, Sustainable cultivation, Strawberry cultivation.</p> MUJAWAR R.H. , PATIL R.L GAIKWAD S.S. AND BHANGE S. B. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-08-01 2017-08-01 106 14 to 25 14 to 25 2. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF LEAF EXTRACTS OF PELTOPHORUM PTEROCARPUM (DC)-AN IN-VITRO STUDY by JENI R. PATEL1 AND DR. T. G. GOHIL2 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1194 <p>The antibacterial activity of crude extract of leaves of Peltophorum pterocarpum belonging to family Caesalpiniaceae, was evaluated in-vitro against some selected clinical isolates including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella spp, Proteus vulgaris, Proteus mirabilis Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans by disc diffusion and agar-well diffusion method. Two solvents chloroform and methanol were used for extraction of bioactive constituents from fresh leaves by maceration technique. The yield (%) of crude extract was 2.8 and 4.88 respectively. The potency of crude extract was determined by measuring diameter of zone of inhibition. It was concluded from the results that methanolic as well as chloroform extracts of Peltophorum pterocarpum were significant effect against the all clinical isolates which are serious human pathogen causing UTI and wound infections. Therefore, the leaf extracts of this plant can be selected for further investigation to determine their therapeutic potential.<br>KEY WORD: Antimicrobial, Crude extract, Clinical isolates, Zone of inhibition, UTI.</p> JENI R. PATEL AND DR. T. G. GOHIL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-08-01 2017-08-01 106 5 to 10 5 to 10 1. MANAGEMENT OF DYSTOCIA DUE TO BREECH PRESENTATION IN KANKREJ COW by ODEDARA, M. H1., SUTARIYA, T.V2., AND SUTHAR, B.N.3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1192 <p>Caesarean section in cow is an emergency operative procedure being performed principally in uncorrectable dystocia condition like incomplete cervical dilation, as in this case. Left paramedian (lateral and parellel to milk vein) is the operative site use for the cow caesarean section to remove the calf situated in the breech presentation in the uterus in this case. Muconium stained, emphysematous died fetus was revealed by caesarean section.<br>KEY WORD: Management, Dystocia, Kankrej Cow.</p> ODEDARA, M. H1., SUTARIYA T.V2., AND SUTHAR, B.N.3 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-08-01 2017-08-01 106 1 to 4 1 to 4 11. SOME ETHNO-MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT PLANTS (SHRUBS, UNDER-SHRUBS AND CLIMBERS) OF GORAKHPUR DIVISION, UTTAR PRADESH by RAJNISH KUMAR AND SWATI SHAHI http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1081 <p>Survey of Gorakhpur Division was carried out to document the Ethno medicinal shrub and climber plants used by the rural and tribal of the area. The study is based on the exhaustive interviews with local inhabitants. During the study 29 shrub and under shrub species belonging to 28 genera of 18 families and 8 climber species belonging to 6 genera and 6 families were recorded which are being used to cure various diseases in this area. These plants have great potential to be used in drugs and pharmaceutical industries.<br>KEY WORDS: Ethno-Medicinally, Plants, Gorakhpur division,<br>Uttar Pradesh.</p> RAJNISH KUMAR AND SWATI SHAHI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-01 2017-07-01 106 102 to 112 102 to 112 2. STUDY ON SOME BIOCHEMICAL INDICES IN EWES IN RELATION TO PHYSIOLOGICAL AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS by ANEES AHMAD SHAH, HILAL MUSADIQ KHAN AND M.T. BANDAY http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1184 <p>A study was conducted to study the variation in some blood biochemicals in<br>ewes under different nutritional plans during peri-partum period. 40 healthy<br>Corriedale ewes in the last month of gestation (day 120) were selected<br>randomly and allotted to 4 groups (control, T1, T2 and T3) of 10 animals<br>each such that the average body weights between the groups did not differ<br>significantly. The ewes were maintained under stall feeding conditions and<br>offered a daily ration consisting of oats hay @ 1.25kg/head/day and<br>commercial pelleted feed @ 500g/head/day during peri-partum period (one<br>month pre-partum to one month post-partum). Ewes in treatment groups T1,<br>T2 and T3 were offered an additional supplement of concentrate (pelleted<br>feed) @100, 200 and 300g/head/day while as no additional supplement was<br>offered to control ewes. Serum glucose increased during the last month of<br>gestation and then showed a decline. Level of glucose was significantly<br>(p&lt;0.05) higher in T3 than control both on the day of parturition (57.05 vs.<br>52.44 mg/dl) and on day 30 post-partum (53.58 vs. 46.80 mg/dl). Blood<br>total protein continued to drop throughout the peri-partum period and was<br>significantly (p&lt;0.05) higher in T3 (6.31g/dl) and T2 (5.83g/dl) than control<br>(4.97g/dl) on day 30 post-partum. Serum albumin level was significantly<br>(p&lt;0.05) higher in T3 than control both on the day of parturition (3.30 vs.<br>3.06 g/dl) and on day 30 post-partum (2.46 vs. 2.12 g/dl) while as the serum<br>globulin did not vary significantly. It is concluded that blood biochemical&nbsp;parameters of the ewes show variation during different physiological states of the animal which could<br>be suitably utilized to predict the nutritional status of the animal.<br>KEY WORD: Ewes, Blood, Biochemical, Indices.</p> ANEES AHMAD SHAH HILAL MUSADIQ KHAN AND M.T. BANDAY ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-01 2017-07-01 106 7 to 13 7 to 13 1. STUDIES ON HOUSING MANAGEMENTAL PRACTICES AND CONSTRAINTS PERCIEVED BY GOAT KEEPERS IN THE TRIBAL AREAS OF BANASKANTHA DISTRICT OF NORTH GUJARAT by PARWAIZ AHMAD DAR, PRAJAPATI K. B. AND A. A. SHAH http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1186 <p>A field study was undertaken to find out the housing management and<br>constraints perceived by goat rearing farmers in the tribal talukas of<br>Banaskantha district of North Gujarat. Majority of the tribal people had<br>open type of house with wooden or earthen wall or fencing and roof cover<br>made from earthen semicircular slats. Majority of respondents made goat<br>shelter along with their own dwelling. Most of respondents had roof covered<br>by clay tiles without manger in their goat shelters. Lack of scientific<br>knowledge about goat rearing, high price of concentrates, veterinary service,<br>and shortage of feed and fodder were the major constraints in tribal belt.<br>KEY WORD: Goat, Housing, Constraints, Dwelling, Floor, Roof, Clay<br>tiles.</p> PARWAIZ AHMAD DAR PRAJAPATI K. B. AND A. A. SHAH ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-01 2017-07-01 106 1 to 6 1 to 6 3. THE EFFECT OF LONG TERM HIGH FRUCTOSE HIGH FAT (HFHF) DIET ON BODY WEIGHT, GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS AND LIPID PROFILE IN ADULT WNIN RATS by K. SIVA KESAVARAO1, T. RAGHAVA RAO2 AND P. SURYANARAYANA1# http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1185 <p>This study was aimed at investigating the effect of high-fructose high-fat (HFHF) diet for longer duration (10 months) on body weight, glucose homeostasis and lipid profile in WNIN rats. Two months old male Wistar NIN (WNIN) rats were maintained either on AIN-93M diet alone (control group) or high fructose (32%) with high fat (24%) contains AIN- 93 diet (HFHF group) to WNIN rats developed insulin resistance associated pre-diabetes at 3 months, maintained pre-diabetes over a period of 10 months. Body weight after one month of feeding show that significantly higher in rats fed HFHF diet compared to rats fed AIN-93 diet. Rats fed HFHF diet exhibited significantly higher plasma triglycerides and significantly lowered HDL levels at the end of the experiment, but total cholesterol levels marginally reduced and LDL levels slightly higher in HFHF fed rats compared to control. These results suggest that a HFHF diet ideal for obesity and consequence of complications.<br>KEY WORD: Effect, High Fructose High Fat (HFHF), Body weight, Glucose homeostasis, Lipid profile, WNIN rats.</p> K. SIVA KESAVARAO, T. RAGHAVA RAO AND P. SURYANARAYANA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-01 2017-07-01 106 13 to 20 13 to 20 4. EFFECT OF SOURCES, SPLIT AND FOLIAR APPLICATION OF KCL AND KCLO3 ON AVAILABILITY POTASSIUM IN AEROBIC RICE by ANJI BABU. P1, OMAR HATTAB. K2, ARUNA.L2 AND MOHAN. R3 http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/1187 <p>A field experiment was conducted in the sandy loam soil (Fluventic Haplustept) of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agricult-ure and Research Institute, Karaikal, during Kharif 2015 to investigate the effect of KCl and KClO3 as sources of potassium in aerobic rice with four types of split doses and two levels of foliar applications of potassium. The experiment was laid out in Randomised Block Design with three replications. As such, the treatments consisted of three factors viz., sources, split and foliar applications. The rice variety PMK 4 was tested with two sources of potassium viz., Potassium chloride (KCl) and Potassium chlorate (KClO3), four types of split application viz., K control (S1), basal with no split (S2), two splits (S3) and three splits (S4) along with foliar application treatments viz., no foliar (F1) and foliar spray (F2). The results of field experiment revealed that the growth parameters like plant height, leaf area index, number of tillers, productive tillers, dry matter production and root biomass were significantly influenced by sources, split and foliar application of potassium. Similarly, the yield components viz., panicle length, panicle&nbsp;weight, test weight, number of grains per panicle, number of spikelets per panicle, spikelet fertility, high density grains per panicle were also found to be significantly influenced by the sources, splits and foliar application of potassium.<br>On the whole, this investigation had revealed that KClO3 could also be used as one of the sources of potassium for the growth and yield of aerobic rice. The application of potassium either through KCl or KClO3 in three equal splits at basal, panicle initiation and flowering stages along with foliar application could be suggested as a strategy of potassium management for yield maximization in aerobic rice.<br>KEY WORD: Effect of sources, Split and foliar application, KCl and KClO3, Potassium, Aerobic rice.</p> ANJI BABU. P, OMAR HATTAB K, ARUNA.L AND MOHAN. R ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-01 2017-07-01 106 21 to 27 21 to 27