LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS 2018-01-01T02:16:59+00:00 DR N K PATEL Open Journal Systems <p>LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS is an international open access e journal,world wide abstract listed, published every month with ISSN, Free- membership, download and access.This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> <p><strong>PEER REVIEWED,&nbsp;</strong><strong>REFEREED &amp; INDEXED JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong><a href=";&amp;Year=2013">UNIVERSAL IMPACT FACTOR</a>&nbsp;</strong><strong><a href=";&amp;Year=2013">Impact Factor 0.9285:2012; 1.2210:2013</a></strong></p> <p><strong><a href="">&nbsp;&nbsp; Index Copernicus&nbsp;</a>:&nbsp;</strong><strong><a href="">ICV 2011: 5.09</a>;&nbsp;</strong><strong><a href=";id_lang=3">2012: 6.42</a>;&nbsp;</strong><strong><a href=",p5368,3.htmlhttp:/">2013:15.80</a>;&nbsp;</strong><strong>2014:89.16;&nbsp;</strong><strong>2015: 78.30</strong></p> <p><strong><a href="">NAAS RATING OF SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS 2012 : 1.3; 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STUDY OF BENEFICIAL MICROORGANISMS IN THE RHIZOSPHERE SOILS OF MYRICA ESCULENTA (BUCH.-HAM. EX D. DON.) by ANITA KACHARI1, P. HAZARIKA2 AND D. DUTTA2 2018-01-01T02:16:59+00:00 Prosanta Hazarika Anita Kachari Dandeswar Dutta <p><strong><em>ABSTRACT</em></strong></p> <p>A study was done to explore the beneficial microorganisms in rhizosphere soils of <em>Myrica esculenta</em> (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) during 2016-2017 at RFRI, Jorhat. Ten triplicate samples from ten different villages of Jorhat, Golaghat, and Sivasagar districts, Assam were collected from rhizosphere soils of <em>Myrica</em> <em>esculenta</em> and beneficial microorganisms were cultured, isolated and identified. The study revealed that the plant species has arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) association in roots. Average percent root colonization of AMF of the plant species was recorded for 57.2 with a range of 40 to 66 per cent. &nbsp;The variation recorded may be due to difference in locality of sample collections. AMF spores were isolated from rhizosphere soils and identified tentatively up to the genus. Twenty five (25) types of AMF spores were isolated from <em>Myrica esculenta</em> rhizosphere soils belongs to nine (9) genus of 6 families of <em>Glomeromycota</em> i.e. <em>Glomus</em>, <em>Acaulospora</em>, <em>Diversispora</em>, <em>Steptoglomus</em>, <em>Funneliformis</em>, <em>Rhizophagus</em>, <em>Entrophospora, </em><em>Scutellospora</em> and <em>Gigaspora</em>. Apart from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, from the rhizosphere soils of the plant species isolated phosphate solubilizing micro-organism (PSM) and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), which have been reported as useful for sustaining soil health and plant survival. Some such beneficial bacteria i.e. <em>Flouresent</em> <em>Pseudomonas</em>&nbsp; and <em>Bacillus</em>&nbsp; spp were&nbsp; isolated from rhizophere soils of <em>Myrica esculenta</em> and cultured them in media and identified. Some phytostimulator, PSM and decomposer microfungi such&nbsp; as <em>Penicilliun</em>, <em>Aspergillus</em>, <em>Curvularia</em>, <em>Mucor </em>etc&nbsp; were also isolated from rhizophere soils of the plant species.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: Rhizosphere soil, beneficial microorganisms, Arbuscular mycorrhiza, PGPR, PSM</p> 2018-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 1. ESTIMATION OF GENETIC VARIABILITY, HERITABILITY AND CORRELATION STUDIES IN F2 AND F3 POPULATIONS FOR YIELD AND QUALITY TRAITS IN RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L.) by K. SUBBULAKSHMI AND A. MUTHUSWAMY 2017-12-31T06:30:34+00:00 K. SUBBULAKSHMI * AND A. MUTHUSWAMY <p>The present investigation was carried out to assess the extent of genetic variation in F<sub>2</sub> and F<sub>3</sub> generation of two selected crosses <em>viz</em>., ACK 09009 × ADT 43 and IR 8 × ASD 16 based on yield and quality parameters for eleven characters. Both the crosses showed substantial variation in F<sub>2</sub> generation and reduced little in the subsequent F<sub>3</sub> generation. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among the genotypes for all characters studied, indicating a high degree of variability in the material. High values of heritability and genetic advance were observed for the traits number of productive tillers per plant and single plant yield in second and third filial generations of both the crosses. Besides, IR8 × ASD 16 also recorded high heritability and genetic advance as per cent of mean for plant height and number of grains per panicle. It indicates that these traits are controlled by additive gene action, thus offering the possibility of crop improvement through selection. In ACK09009 × ADT 43 the number of productive tillers per plant, days to fifty per cent flowering, number of grains per panicle exhibited significant positive correlation with single plant yield whereas in IR8 × ASD 16 significant positive correlation with single plant yield was noted for number of productive tillers per plant, number of grains per panicle and 1000 grain weight. Hence, selection for these characters will be effective in yield improvement<em>.</em></p> 2018-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 3. EXTRACTION OF SALVADORA OLEOIDES AND ITS PERFORMANCE ALONG WITH ANTIBIOTICS FOR ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES by BHARGAV DAVE1, PIYUSH VYAS1, MADHU PATEL2 AND NAINESH PATEL3 2017-12-31T06:39:21+00:00 BHARGAV DAVE1, PIYUSH VYAS1*,MADHU PATEL NAINESH PATEL3 <p>Nature has given various ways to maintain people’s health. One way is to use herbal medicine. Herbal medicines have been used to treat various types of diseases for long times. The people are more attracting towards the use of herbal drugs to cure various types of diseases. For treatment of several diseases of human beings, plant drug ‘rasayana’ has always played a vital role. According to World health organization (WHO) more than 80% of the world population is dependent on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs.<sup>1</sup></p> <p>Herbal medicine, also called botanical medicine or phytomedicine, refers to the use of a plant’s seeds, barriers, roots, leaves, bark, or flowers for medicinal purposes. Long practiced outside of conventional medicine, herbalism is becoming more main stream as improvements in analysis and quality control along with advances in clinical research show their value in the treatment and prevention of disease.<sup>2</sup></p> 2018-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 4. DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC ADVANCES TO MANAGE THE EQUINE ENDOMETRITIS by S. M. KALASWA, H. C. NAKHASHI, B. N. SUTHAR, H. K. THUMAR, M. R. PATEL, T.V. SUTARIA AND V.L. SOLANKI 2017-11-30T13:50:39+00:00 S. M. KALASWA*, H. C. NAKHASHI, B. N. SUTHAR, H. K. THUMAR, M. R. PATEL, T.V. SUTARIA AND V.L. SOLANKI <p>Endometritis is failure of the uterus to clear foreign contaminants (i.e., bacteria, spermatozoa) resulting in inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium). This is an important cause of reduced fertility and infertility in mares, and therefore is a major contributor to economic loss in the industry. Most cases of endometritis are the result of bacterial infections involving such bacteria as Streptococcus zooepidemicus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and less commonly Taylorella equigenitalis (which causes contagious equine metritis or CEM). Yeast and fungi (Candida spp. and Aspergillus spp., for example) can also infect the uterus. The normal mare uterus is protected from external contamination by the vulva, vestibule, vagina, and cervix, which function as physical barriers that block the passage of foreign material(s). Injury, anatomic abnormalities, or loss of structural function (e.g., post-foaling) can permit the introduction of microorganisms into the uterus, resulting in endometritis. In severe or persistent cases, a chronic endometritis can develop accompanied by degenerative changes of the endometrium, including fibrosis (scarring). This condition is usually noted in older, multiparus mares (those which have foaled more than twice). Semen also incites an inflammatory reaction in the uterus post-breeding. Almost all mares develop a transient, post-breeding endometritis regardless of breeding technique (natural or artificial insemination). Mares with persistent post-breeding Endometritis (PPBEM) have an increased rate of embryonic loss and a lower overall pregnancy rate than those without the condition. To enhance conception rates, mares at high risk need optimal breeding management as well as early Adavnces diagnosis, followed by the most appropriate Adavnces treatment and Mangement<em>.</em></p> 2017-12-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 5. CONSERVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANT – TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA THROUGH TISSUE CULTURE TECHNICS by ANJALI TRIVEDI AND DR. VIVEK VEGDA 2017-11-30T13:50:38+00:00 ANJALI TRIVEDI AND DR. VIVEK VEGDA <p>As par the Red List of threatened species 44 plant species are critically endangered, 113 endangered and 87 vulnerable (IUCN, 2000). Many medicinal plants are also suffering from over harvesting and habitat loss. Population growth, development and the unlimited collection of medicinal plants from the wild is causing in an over-exploitation of natural resources. Therefore, the management of traditional medicinal plant resources has become a matter of urgency. Demand of increasing medicinal plants based medicines warrants their mass propagation through plant tissue culture strategy. Tissue culture technology is potent and has opened extensive areas of research for biodiversity conservation. Tissue culture protocols have been developed for a wide range of medicinal plants, which includes endangered, rare and threatened plant species. In this work medicinal plant <em>Tinospora cordifolia </em>is selected for the study<em>.</em></p> 2017-12-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##