EVALUATION OF SOME PLANT EXTRACT AGAINST PREDOMINANT SEED MYCOFLORA OF MUNGBEAN VIGNA RADIATA (L.) WILCZEK SEED

  • SAURABH SINGH, SEWETA SRIVASTAVA* JYOTIRANJAN MISHRA, RICHA RAAJ AND ASHA SINHA SAURABH SINGH, SEWETA SRIVASTAVA*, JYOTIRANJAN MISHRA, RICHA RAAJ AND ASHA SINHA DEPARTMENT OF MYCOLOGY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY, INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY, VARANASI-221 005 (INDIA). Corresponding author’s e-mail: shalu.bhu2008@gmail.co.in

Abstract

Studies were conducted to develop the sustainable plant protection strategies against seed-borne mycoflora of mungbean by using plant extracts in vitro conditions. Plant extract of four plants were screened for antifungal activity against predominant seed fungi viz. Aspergillus niger, Alternaria alternata, Penicillium rubrum, and Fusarium moniliformae at 5% and 10% concentration by poisoned food techniques. The results revealed that all the plant extracts inhibited the percent growth inhibition against all test fungi with varying degree in comparison with control. Overall treatment Neem and Garlic showed the best antifungal property against all the fungi tested and thus represent useful substitutes for the control of hazardous fungicides and some extract such as onion and ginger showed moderate inhibition over control. Neem manifested maximum percent growth inhibition against Alternaria alternata and Penicillium rubrum (82.62% and 89.00%). Among all plant extract, Tulsi showed least inhibition over control against all tested fungi. These plant extracts can possibly be exploited in the management of seed-borne pathogenic fungi to prevent bio-deterioration of seeds in an eco-friendly way.

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Published
2014-05-01
Section
RESEARCH PAPER