SIGHTING OF THE YELLOW-THROATED BULBUL (PYCNONOTUS XANTHOLAEMUS) IN VARSHANADU RANGE OF THENI DISTRICT IN TAMIL NADU, WESTERN GHATS

  • G. BABU RAO 1* , B. VINOTH 1, J. PATRICK DAVID 1 , N. MUTHU KARTHIK 1 , D. EVANGELINE 1 , K. DINESH KUMAR1 AND B.LAXMI NARAYANA2 G. BABU RAO 1* , B. VINOTH 1 , J. PATRICK DAVID 1 , N. MUTHU KARTHIK 1 , D. EVANGELINE 1 , K. DINESH KUMAR 1 AND B. LAXMI NARAYANA 2* 1 CARE EARTH TRUST, No# 15, 2 nd MAIN ROAD, THILLAGANGA NAGAR, CHENNAI- 600 061 2 ALL INDIA NETWORK PROJECT ON AGRICULTURAL ORNITHOLOGY, ANGRAU, HYDERABAD-500030. Corresponding author’s e-mail: rao.3in@gmail.com* 1 and narayana.laxmi8@gmail.com* 2

Abstract

The Yellow-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus xantholaemus) is a one of the rare
species of bulbuls present in the south India. It is endemic to peninsular India
(Gaston,  1984;  Ali  and  Ripley,  1987;  Bird  life  international,  2010)  and  is
distributed  in  Eastern  and  Western  Ghats  of  southern  Andhra  Pradesh,
northern Tamil  Nadu, eastern Kerala and  eastern Karnataka (Subramanya  et
al., 2006; Narayan et al., 2006). It prefers scrub habitats on steep, rocky hills
with dense undergrowth. It is also found in dry and mixed deciduous forest
(Kalaimani, 2010). The altitude migration of the bird depends on the seasonal
availability of food plant species. Apart from its habitat preference very little
information  is  available  on  the  species  biology,  especially  about  its  food
habits, ranging and nesting.  Recently a few nests were identified and small
studies  done  on  its  biology  (Venkateshwarappa  and  Chitra,  1999).

References

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of the IUCN Red Data Book (Birdlife International, 2006).
Most of its scrub habitat is threatened by granite quarrying, forest fires and over grazing by domestic
cattle. The distribution is highly fragmented and populations are very local making hilly habitats of
special conservation concern. It has vanished from many sites where it was earlier known.
Recently we visited Meghamalai hills in Theni district of Tamil Nadu for devising a water management
plan. On 10 th October 2013 we explored Varshanadu range. The vegetation was mostly scrub with open
areas and rocks. At around 10:00 am we reached a place called Kumanan Kundu (Kodikalagudisai),
latitude 9°41'46.67"N and longitude 77°31'4.37"E with which borders the Pilavukal dam in Grizzled
Giant Squirrel Sanctuary, Srivilliputhur. We were observing the dam after a gentle climb and spotted
many common bird species. When we were about to leave the place we spotted a single bird with yellow
head and throat perching on a shrub 6 to 7 meters away from us We saw the bird continuously for 10
minutes and identified the bird as the Yellow-throated Bulbul and confirmed it with the help of a field
guide (Grimmett et al., 2010) the greenish-orange head and the bright yellow throat were very noticeable.
Breast appeared pinkish and the upper parts were greenish-brown. This species was previously reported
in Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary by Subramanya (2001). Later on Subramanya et al., (2006) mentioned
that is species is expected to occur in Varshanadu hill range. Presently the species has been recorded for
the first time in Varshanadu hill range which gives an additional record of the species within Meghamalai
landscape.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
We are very thankful to DFO Megamalai (Wildlife Warden) for granting permission to survey
Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary.

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Keralabirder@yahoogroups.com
Published
2014-05-01
How to Cite
DAVID 1 , N. MUTHU KARTHIK 1 , D. EVANGELINE 1 , K. DINESH KUMAR1 AND B.LAXMI NARAYANA2, G. BABU RAO 1* , B. VINOTH 1, J. PATRICK. SIGHTING OF THE YELLOW-THROATED BULBUL (PYCNONOTUS XANTHOLAEMUS) IN VARSHANADU RANGE OF THENI DISTRICT IN TAMIL NADU, WESTERN GHATS. LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS, [S.l.], v. 51, may 2014. ISSN 0976-1098. Available at: <http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/84>. Date accessed: 24 july 2017.
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