• HAMMAD SHAFIQ Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Azka Shahid Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Zakria Farid Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan


The aim of current study is to determine the physicochemical properties of honey samples collected from the central region of Punjab province of Pakistan. Ten samples were analyzed for several physicochemical parameters including water activity, moisture, acidity, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), soluble solids, electrical conductivity, ash contents, sugar content, mineral content and color (L*, a*, b*). The average value for water activity is 0.588, for moisture 17.36 %, for acidity 29.2 meq kg-1, for HMF 13.87 mg kg-1, for soluble solids 80.6 °Brix, for conductivity 0.463 µS cm-1, for ash content 2.12 g kg-1and for fructose and glucose is 384.0 g kg-1, 321.0 g kg-1 receptively .The honey samples present a good level of quality because the physicochemical values were in the range of approved limits (conforming to codex standards) for all honey samples.

Author Biographies

HAMMAD SHAFIQ, Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan
M.Sc  student, Department of Food technology
Azka Shahid, Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan
M.Sc  student, Department of Food technology
Muhammad Zakria Farid, Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan
M.Sc  student, Department of Horticulture


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