4. NATURAL DISASTERS AND LIVESTOCK-EFFECTS AND MITIGATION by ANEES AHMAD SHAH, HILAL MUSADIQ KHAN AND PARWAIZ AHMAD DAR

  • Anees Ahmad Shah SKUAST-Kashmir
  • Hilal Musadiq Khan SKUAST-K
  • Parwaiz Ahmad Dar SKUAST-K

Abstract

Natural disasters can create a very stressful situation for livestock farming and take a heavy toll on this sector worldwide. Various types of natural disasters like earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods etc. affect humans globally and agriculture in general and livestock in particular have remained highly vulnerable to almost all sorts of natural disasters. Livestock in particular are at a greater risk because they are either left to the mercy of God or are the last ones attended to in the event of any such disaster. However, the economic value of losing livestock in disasters is little considered or under-valued in general awareness. Although specialists working in the fields of disaster recovery and livestock development have long understood these issues but they have  rarely expressed these in economic terms.  It is always preferable to prepare, plan and organize in advance than to merely respond when the disaster strikes. Feeding management during disaster has to be given utmost care to prevent starvation. Technology applications like urea treatment, urea molasses liquid feeding, and urea molasses mineral block has the capacity to meet the challenge. Co-ordinated efforts are required at individual/state/national/global levels to minimize the impacts.

Author Biographies

Anees Ahmad Shah, SKUAST-Kashmir
Ph.D Scholar Division of LPM SKUAST-K
Hilal Musadiq Khan, SKUAST-K
Associate professor, Division of LPM, SKUAST-Kashmir
Parwaiz Ahmad Dar, SKUAST-K
Ph.D Scholar Division of LPM SKUAST-K

References

Ali, J. 2007. Livestock sector development and implications for rural poverty alleviation in India. Research for Rural Development. 19 (2).

CRED CRUNCH, 2013, Disaster Data: A Balanced Perspective, Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of disasters (CRED), Issue No.31, March, 2013.

CRED. 2011. EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database, www.emdat.be. Universite Catholique de Louvain ‐Brussels -Belgium.

FAO.2010. Questions and answers: Pakistan Floods. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/newsroom/docs/pakistan_qa.pdf.

Guha-Sapir, Debby, Femke, V., Regina, B and Sylvain ,P. 2011. Annual Disaster Statistical Review 2010: The numbers and trends. Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), Brussels.

India disaster report. 2012. National institute of disaster management, Ministry of home affairs Govt. of India. 2103.

Kumar, K and Paswan , V.K. 2012. Feeding strategy for livestock during natural disaster - a review. Livestockline,5:14-18.

Madhu,S., Kale V,R., Tyagi A,K. and Khan, N. Impacts of Natural calamities on livestock sector and their mitigation strategies.2012. Vet Helpline India. http://www.Vethelplineindia.co.in.html

Reed., Sheila., Joanna, H., Maung ,M, Kay M,S and Tin,S. 2009. Joint Appraisal of the IASC Response to Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar. Draft report. Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC).

Reid, R.S., Galvin, K.A and Kruska, R.L. 2008. Global significance of extensive grazing lands and pastoral societies: An introduction. In: Galvin, K.A. (Ed) Fragmentation in semi-arid and arid landscapes: Consequences for human and natural systems. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Singh P,K and Chandramoni. 2010. Feeding Of Farm Animals During Scarcity. SMVS Dairy Year Book. 93-95.

U.S. Department of State. 2011. Pakistan: Flooding Damage and Needs Overview for Key Humanitarian Sectors.

Wani, F. 2014. Jammu and Kashmir suffered losses of Rs1 trillion in floods. The Indian express.http://www.jammu -kashmir.com/archives/archives2014/kashmir20140929a. html

Warfield, C. 2008.The Disaster Management Cycle.http://www.gdrc.org/uem/disasters/1-dm_cycle.html (accessed on March 25, 2008).

World Bank. 2009. Minding the stock: Bringing public policy to bear on livestock policy. World Bank, Washington D.C., USA.

World Food Programme. 2010. Pakistan flood impact assessment. Prepared by WFP Pakistan. http://home.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/ena/wfp225987.pdf.
Published
2017-06-01
How to Cite
SHAH, Anees Ahmad; KHAN, Hilal Musadiq; DAR, Parwaiz Ahmad. 4. NATURAL DISASTERS AND LIVESTOCK-EFFECTS AND MITIGATION by ANEES AHMAD SHAH, HILAL MUSADIQ KHAN AND PARWAIZ AHMAD DAR. LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS, [S.l.], v. 88, june 2017. ISSN 0976-1098. Available at: <http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/371>. Date accessed: 21 aug. 2017.

Keywords

livestock, disasters, agricultural