ECOSYSTEM SERVICES OF SACRED GROVES IN WESTERN MAHARASHTRA THROUGH MULTIPLE FACETS

  • RAJESHREE JOHI, SHRUTI KULKARNI, SAMPADA BHUSARE, NEHA PHANSALKAR, *DINESH NIPUNAGE AND DILIP KULKARNI ECOSYSTEM SERVICES OF SACRED GROVES IN WESTERN MAHARASHTRA THROUGH MULTIPLE FACETS RAJESHREE JOHI, SHRUTI KULKARNI, SAMPADA BHUSARE, NEHA PHANSALKAR, *DINESH NIPUNAGE AND DILIP KULKARNI BAIF DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH FOUNDATION, PUNE- 411 058 *K.M.C. COLLEGE, KHOPOLI, DIST. RAIGAD Corresponding author’s e-mail: dilipkkulkarni@gmail.com

Abstract

ABSTRACT:
Forest  preserved  on  religious  grounds  is  known  as  Deorai  or  Deo  rahati  or
Sacred  grove.  It  is  a  traditional  heritage  of  nature  conservation  in  Indian
culture and civilization. Generally, sacred groves are classified into different
forest  types  and  they  preserve  climax  vegetation.  These  sacred  groves  are  
conserved  with varied degree of ecological and socio-cultural dimensions.  It
may  be  noted  that  even  as  the  social  changes  occur,  the  rejuvenation  of  
cultural  heritage –one of the important ecosystem services of  sacred groves,
can act to support the conservation and restoration of groves. It may also be
pointed out that  cultural heritage and forest vegetation are complementary to
each  other  in  determining    ecosystem  health  of    community  –based  bio-
diversity  conservation  institutions  like  sacred  groves.  Imbalance  of  these
components  can severely affect all   other  ecosystem services.    
Present  ecosystem  service are directly or indirectly responsible for regulating
floods,  purifying  water,  maintaining  the    temperature,  botanical  garden  for
students  and  plant  lovers,  bank  of    wild    relatives  of    cultivated    plants,
treasure  trove  of    wild  medicinal  and  edible  plants,  shelter  for  birds  and
insects,  areas    of    regional  environmental    studies,  house  of    microbes  and
fungi, etc.  Biological processes  occurred in sacred groves are  responsible for
recycling nutrients, soil formation and providing the supporting services to the
human societies.  
Experience  of  Floristic  studies  on  sacred  groves  in  Western  Ghats  of  
Maharashtra and efforts of  eco-restoration  in selected  sacred groves from  
Maharashtra are presented in the paper.

KEY WORDS : Sacred groves, Ecosystem services, Maharashtra  State.

References

REFERENCES:
Anonymous 1983-1986. A report on the project `Floristic studies on sacred groves in Western
Maharashtra. Funded by the Department of Environment, Government of India, New Delhi operated
by Maharashtra Association for the cultivation of Science, Research Institute, Law College Road,
Pune 411 004. ( Report prepared under the guidance of Late Dr. V.D. Vartak, Officiating Director,
MACS).

Arora, R.K. 1997. Ethno-botany and its role in the conservation and use of plant genetic
resources in India. Ethnobotany, 9(1-2) : 6-15.

Bhusare, S.N. 2013. Conservation and restoration of sacred grove and people’s biodiversity
register of Kalamvihira village, Jawhar Tehsil, Thane Dist., Maharashtra, India. A Spark fellowship
Program, Batch –III. Submitted to BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune- 58. 1-52.
(Unpublished).

Bhusare Sampada and Kulkarni, D.K. 2013. Ecosystem services from Kalamvihira sacred grove Jawhar
Taehasil, Thane District, Maharashtra. In abstract book of UGC Sponsored National Conference on
Sacred groves as a repository of ethno- medicinal plants (1 &2 Feb. 2013) .
Bhusare Sampada, Bhosale Bharat and Kulkarni, D.K. 2014. Traditional heritage of Kalamvihira sacred
grove conservation and culture practices associated in tribal’s of Jawhar, Thane district. Maharashtra
State, India. Indian Journal of Advances in Plant Research 1(6) : 5-9.
Burgess, P.F. 1972. Studies on the regeneration of hill forests of the Malay Peninsula. Malaysian For.
35: 103-123.
Carle B. and Mike Y. 1997. Motivating people: using management agreement to conserve remnant
vegetation. National Research & development program on rehabilitation , management and
conservation of remnant vegetation. Research report-I. CSIRO, Division of wildlife and ecology,
environment, Department of the environment and Heritage, Australia : 1-4.
Chandrashekara U.M. 2011. Cultural and conservation values of sacred groves of Kerala, India.
International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 37(3): 143-155.
Deshmukh, S. 1999. Conservation and development of sacred groves in Maharashtra. Report submitted
to The Forest Department, Government of Maharashtra.
Godbole,A. Watve, A. Prabhu, S and Sarnaik, J. 1998. Role of sacred grove conservation with local
people’s participation: A case study of Ratangiri District, Maharashtra In Ramakrishna P.S. Saxena,
k.g. and Chandrashekara, U.M. (Editors) Conserving the sacred for biodiversity Management.
Oxford and IBH Publishing New Delhi : 233-246.
Gokhale Y. and Pala N.A. 2011. Ecosystem services in sacred Natural sites (SNSs) of
Uttarakhand: A Preliminary Survey. J. Biodiversity 2(2): 107-115.

Hangarge, L.M., D.K. Kulkarni, V.B. Gaikwad, D.M. Mahajan and Chaudhari Nisha. 2012. Carbon
sequestration potential of tree species in Somjaichi rai (Sacred grove) at Nandghur village, in Bhor
region of Pune District, Maharashtra State, India. Annals of Biological Research 3(7): 3426-3429.

Kamble, P.B. and Kulkarni, D.K. 2010. Development and improvement in ethno-biology
teaching in rural environment. Proceedings of the UGC Sponsored National Conference on
Taxonomy Teaching and Research : The relevance in the National Context. Sept. 2008 at
Department of Biology, Shri R.K. Parikh Arts and Science College, Petlad, Gujarat : An International
Journal of Bioscience Reporter. 8(1) supplement : 75-79.

Kanhere Amruta, Pundlik, Deepak, Chaturvedi, Sachin and D. K. Kulkarni 2008. Quantitative plant
diversity evaluation of two monotypic sacred groves with special reference to soil DNA sequencing.
Paper presented at Biodiversity Conference, held at National Chemical Laboratory, Pune.
(Abstract)

Kulkarni D.K. 2005. Threat to sacred grove conservation in tribal pockets of Western Maharashtra. In
Proceeding of National Workshop on Strategy for Conservation of Sacred groves organized by
Institute of Forest Genetic Tree Breeding (IFGTB), Coimbatore May 2004 pp. 155-165.
Kulkarni, D.K. 2006. Traditional heritage of biological conservation in Sahyadri region, Maharashtra
State, India. In Ecological traditions of Maharashtra. Pub. C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre,
Chennai . pp. 47-59.
Kulkarni, D. K. and Shindikar, M. 2005. Plant diversity evaluation in Shirkai Sacred grove, Pune district,
Maharashtra. Indian J. of Forestry, 28 :127-131.
Kulkarni, D. K. and Nipunage, D. S. 2009. Floristic diversity and ecological evaluation of `Dhup-Rahat’
sacred grove from Pune district. Geobios 36:298-302.
Kulkarni, D.K and Upadhye A. S. 2006. Threats to remnant vegetation and traditional ecosystem. In
Ecological traditions of Maharashtra. Pub. C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre, Chennai pp.60-
70.
Kulkarni, D.K. and Kumbhojkar, M. S. 1999 Dams-disaster to biodiversity in sacred groves. The Deccan
Geographer , 37: 65-72.
Kulkarni, D.K., R.B. Bhagat and Upadhye, A.S. 2010. Wild Bamboo diversity in Sacred groves of
Maharashtra. In Proceeding of National Seminar on Conservation and management of Bamboo
resources on 29-30 Nov. 2007. Published by Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi. ( Eds. S.Nath, S.
Singh, A. Sinha, R. Das and R. Krishnamurthy) pp. 41-44.
Kulkarni, D.K., D. S. Nipunage, L.M. Hangarge and Kamble P.B. 2010. Natural heritage of forest
conservation in Bhor region of Pune, India. Asian Journal of Environmental Sci. 5(2): 94-98.
Kulkarni, D.K., R.B. Bhagat and Upadhye, A.S. 2010. Wild Bamboo diversity in Sacred groves of
Maharashtra. In Proceeding of National Seminar on Conservation and management of Bamboo
resources on 29-30 Nov. 2007. Published by Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi. ( Eds. S.Nath,
S. Singh, A. Sinha, R. Das and R. Krishnamurthy) pp. 41-44.

Kulkarni, D.K, Rani B. Bhagat, S.M. Punalekar and Nipunage D.S. 2012. Occurrence of
Cycloplta siccifolia ( West Wood) on Holigarna grahmii (Wt.) Kurz. From (M.S.) India. Science
Research Reporter, 2(1): 81-82.

Kulkarni, D. K., D.S. Nipunage, L.M. Hangarge and Kulkarni A.D. 2013. Quantitative Plant Diversity
Evaluation of Sagadara and Navalachi rai- Monotypic Sacred Groves in Pune District of
Maharashtra state, India. Annals of Biological Research 4(2): 234-240.
Kulkarni, Shruti and Kulkarni D.K. 2013. Kalamvihira sacred grove- a potential tree growth for carbon
sequestration in Jawhar taluka of Thane district. Annals of Biological Research 4(6): 119-123.
Kumbhojkar, M. S. and Kulkarni, D. K.1998 Environmental impact of sacred groves in Western Ghats of
Maharashtra. Sci. & Cult. 64: 205-207.
Kumbhojkar, M.S., A. S. Upadhye and Kulkarni, D. K. 1996. Religious forest patches among
Mahadeokoli tribal localities- social, cultural and environmental relationship. In, Ethnobiology in
Human welfare Jain S.K. (Ed). Deep Publication, New Delhi, India, pp 349-351.
Lebbie A.R. and Guries R.P. 1995. Ethnobotanical value and conservation of sacred groves of the Kpaa
Mende in Sierra Leone. Econ Bot. 49(3): 297-308.
Malhotra, K.C. , Gokhale, Y and Chatterjee, S. 2001. Cultural and ecological diensions of sacred groves in
India. Indain National Science Academy, New Delhi and Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav
Sangrahalaya, Bhopal : 30.

Mohapatra A.K. 2008. Forestry based carbon sequestration option for India. Indian Journal of Forestry
31(4): 483-490.
Nipunage, D.S. and Kulkarni, D. K. 2010. Deo Rahati: ancient concept of biodiversity conservation. J.
Asian Agri-History.14(2) :185-196.
Nipunage, D.S., Kulkarni, D.K. and Vartak, V.D. 1993. Floristic studies on sacred groves from Sinhagad
hills in Pune district, Maharashtra state. Higher plants of Indian subcontinents. Indian J. Forestry
(Addl.Ser.), 6: 153-159.
Nipunage, D.S., Kulkarni, D.K., Karndikar, K.G. and Haridas, D.P. 2009. Ecological survey of sacred
groves from Malshej Ghat, Pune district, Maharashtra State. Indian J.Trop. Biodiveristy 17(2) : 39-
44.
Nipunage, D.S., Kumbhojkar, M.S. and Vartak, V.D. 1988. Studies on sacred groves of Maharashtra Part
I: Observations on ‘Sagdara’ grove in Pune district. Indian J. of Forestry, 11 : 282-286.
Nipunage, D.S., M. S. Kumbhojkar and Vartak, V.D. 1991. Cultural heritage of Sacred groves.
Proceeding of Ninth Annual Conference on South Indian History Congress, Pune, pp.170-176.
Nipunage D.S. and Kulkarni D.K. 2011. Floristic diversity and status of natural regeneration from
sacred groves, Ambegaon Taluka of Pune district, Maharashtra State, India. Indian Journal of
Forestry 34(4): 457-464.
Nipunage D.S., A.R. Kasarkar and Kulkarni D.K. 2010. Sacred groves from Bhudargad Taluka of
Kolhapur district, Maharashtra State, India. a store house of rare and endemic plants. An
International Journal of Bioscience Guardian 1(1): 60-65.
Phansalkar, N.S. and D.K. Kulkarni 2014. Ecological survey of Ajnawale sacred grove from Junnar area
of Pune district, Maharashtra, India. Indian Journal of Advances in Plant Research (IJAPR) 1(4):
10-12.

Sinha, R.K. (Ed.) 1998. Ethnobotany-the Renaissance of traditional herbal medicine.INA Shree
publishers, Jaipur, India.:1-33.

Tetali, P. and Gunale, V.R. 1990. Status of sacred groves in the western Ghats, Tanajisagar Dam
catchment area. Biol.Ind. 1(1): 9-16.

Upadhye,A.S., D.K.Kulkarni and Kumbhojkar M.S.. 2004. Threatened medicinal plants from sacred
groves of Pune district, Maharashtra, India. Focus on Sacred groves and Ethnobotany (Eds. Ghate,V.;Sane,H.& Ranade,S.S. ) 2004. Published by Prism Publications, A Division of Timely
Management Consl. Servs. Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai :150-154.

Upadhye, A.S. D.K. Kulkarni and Malpure, N.V. 2004. Evaluation of rare endangered plants from
preserved forests on Konkan region for medicine and food in future. Paper presented at International
Conference on Agricultural Heritage of Asia. (Ed. Y.L. Nene) Pub. Asian Agri-History Foundation,
Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. : (Abstract) pp.107.

Upadhye, A. S., Rani Bhagat and Kulkarni D. K. 2010. Ethnobotany of Endemic and threatened Plants
from Western Ghats of Maharashtra. Journal of Economic Taxonomic Botany,34 (2) 434-439.

Vartak, V.D. and Gadgil, M. 1981. Relic forest pockets of Panshet water catchment area, Poona district,
Maharashtra State. Biovigyanam 7: 145-148
Venkatachalam S. Kalaiselvi, T. and Rathakrishnan P. 2005. Sacred grove-conservation is
imperative. In Proceedings of National workshop on Strategy for conservation of sacred groves.
Sponsored by Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. Institute of Forest
Genetic and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore, India pp. 93-96.
How to Cite
BHUSARE, NEHA PHANSALKAR, *DINESH NIPUNAGE AND DILIP KULKARNI, RAJESHREE JOHI, SHRUTI KULKARNI, SAMPADA. ECOSYSTEM SERVICES OF SACRED GROVES IN WESTERN MAHARASHTRA THROUGH MULTIPLE FACETS. LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS, [S.l.], v. 60, jan. 2015. ISSN 0976-1098. Available at: <http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/246>. Date accessed: 16 aug. 2017.

Keywords

KEY WORDS : Sacred groves, Ecosystem services, Maharashtra State.