ETHNOVETERINARY PRACTICES FOR MEDICINAL PROBLEMS FOLLOWED BY TRIBALS OF SABARKANTHA DISTRICT OF GUJARAT
The people of far-flung rural areas still depend to a large extent upon plants and household remedies for curing veterinary ailments. The folk knowledge of ethno-veterinary medicine and its significance has been identified by the traditional communities through a process of experience over hundreds of years. The present paper documented ethno-veterinary practices of tribals related to different medicinal problems in their livestock. The study was conducted in purposively selected Sabarkantha district of Gujarat. A total of 120 tribal families were selected from 8 selected villages of 2 talukas namely Khedbhramha and Vijaynagar. Data were collected through interview and detailed discussion with traditional healers and family members those known about indigenous traditional knowledge. An inventory of 36 practices was prepared in 14 different ailments. Tribals prepared fermented product (alcohol) of Mahua (Madhuca indica) seed and drench to affected animals for removal of endo-parasites. Traditional healers prepared a paste of haldi (Curcuma longa) mixed with linseed (Linum usitatissium) oil and apply on ulcers of FMD. A mixture of crushed fruits of Tumba (Citrullus colocynthis) along with 2-3 litres chaach (Butter milk) drench to the animal at 6 hour interval in 2 doses, tribals reported that this is very effective for quick eruption of gases of animals suffering from tympany.
KEY WORDS: Tribals, Ethno-veterinary practices, Medicinal problems.
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