POTENTIAL WILD EDIBLE PLANT RESOURCES FROM MAHARASHTRA: FUTURE PROSPECTS FOR THEIR CONSERVATION AND IMPROVEMENT

  • DSANJAYKUMAR R. RAHANGDALE1* AND SAVITA S. RAHANGDALE2 DSANJAYKUMAR R. RAHANGDALE1* AND SAVITA S. RAHANGDALE2 1. ANNASAHEB WAGHIRE COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE & COMMERCE, OTUR – 412 409, DIST PUNE, MAHARASHTRA. 2. BALASAHEB JADHAV, ARTS, COMMERCE AND SCIENCE COLLEGE, ALE- 412411, DIST PUNE, MAHARASHTRA. Corresponding author’s e-mail: rsanjay2@hotmail.com
Keywords: Potential, Wild, Edible, Plants, Diversity, Prospect, Conservation.

Abstract

ABSTRACT:

All the present day established crops are evolved in due course of time, through continuous efforts of human being for crop improvement via, cultivation, selection and breeding. Even today many plant resources from forests are being utilized in crop breeding as source of resistant genes against insect pests, fungal, bacterial and viral pathogens, adverse agro-climatic conditions, for quality improvement in terms of different proteins, vitamins and also appearance; thereby broadening the genetic base of cultivars. Many others, e.g., Caralluma adscendens (Roxb.) R. Br., Chlorophytum borivilianum Sant. & Fernandez. and Jasminum malabaricum Wight are directly brought under cultivation from wilderness for food, medicine and ornamental purpose. Considering the potential and need for new resources, a study was undertaken to explore the diversity, plant parts used, process of preparation, scope and potential of the wild edible plant species from Maharashtra State. The results revealed that, about 172 wild species are used as food in Maharashtra. Out of these 63 species are commonly used by tribal and rural peoples, 35 species are occasionally used while remaining species are rarely consumed especially during scarcity of food due to drought or other reasons. Some of these have high scope and potential for their improvement and exploitation on commercial scale.

References

REFERENCES:
Almeida, M. R. 1996. Flora of Maharashtra, Vol. I (Ranunculaceae - Sabiaceae). St. Xeviers College, Mumbai, Orient Press, Mumbai.
Almeida, M. R. 1998. Flora of Maharashtra, Vol. II (Fabaceae - Caprifoliaceae). St. Xeviers College, Mumbai, Orient Press, Mumbai.
Almeida, M. R. 2001. Flora of Maharashtra, Vol. IIIA (Rubiaceae to Ehretiaceae) & IIIB (Cuscutaceae to Martyniaceae). St. Xeviers College, Mumbai, Orient Press, Mumbai.
Almeida, M. R. 2004. Flora of Maharashtra, Vol. VI (Acanthaceae to Ceratophyllaceae). St. Xeviers College, Mumbai, Orient Press, Mumbai.
Bhaskar, V. V. 2000. Grain sorghum and small millet germplasm collection from Nandurbar district of Maharashtra State. Ind. J. Pl. Genet. Res., 13(1): 83-85.
Cooke, T. 1901-1908. The Flora of The Presidency of Bombay. London, Vol. I & II. (BSI Calcutta, Vol. I-III. Reprint 1958).
Deshmukh, B. S. and Waghmode, A. 2011. Role of wild edibles fruits as food resource: Traditional Knowledge. International J. Pharmacy and Life Science 2(7): 919-924.
Ghate, V. S., KulKarni, D. K. and Upadhye, A. S. 1999. Screening of natural diversity in karavanda: commercially potential wild fruit in Maharashtra. Ind. J. Pl. Genet. Res., 12(1): 10-15.
Hooker, J. D. 1872-1895. Flora of British India. London. Vol. I-VII. 1907. The Indian Empire. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Oxford.
International Plant Name Index, 2014.
(http://www.ipni.org/ipni/simplePlantNameSearch dated 28/7/14)
Joshi, A. B. 1979. Breeding methodology for autogamous crops. Indian J. Genet. Pl. Breeding. 39: 569-578.
Mahadkar, S. D. and Jadhav V. 2013. Traditional uses of some wild edible plants from Kolhapur district. Life Science Leaflets. 5: 19-26.
Matthew, K. M. 1983. Flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic, Vol. I-III. The Diocesan, Press. Madras.
Nagarkar S. and Ghate V. 2004. Ethno-botanical and commercial utilization of medicinal plants resources from taluka Junnar, district Pune. In, Focus on sacred groves and ethnobotany. Vinaya ghate (ed.). pp. 202-207.
Paroda, R. S. 1990. Production and Improvement of Pulse Crops. In, Genetic Improvement of Pulse crops. Ed. Jafar et al.
Rahangdale, S. S. 2008. Floristic Studies of Junnar Taluka, District Pune, with Special Reference to Impact of Developmental Activities. Ph. D. Thesis for University of Pune, Pune).
Reddy, B. M. 2012. Wild edible plants of Chandrapur district, Maharashtra, India Indian J. Nat. Prod. Resources, 3 (1): 110-117.
Sharma, B. D., Karthikeyan, S. and Singh, N. P. 1996. Flora of Maharashtra State, Monocotyledones. Botanical Survey of India, Calcatta.
Singh, N. P. and Karthikeyan S. 2000. Flora of Maharashtra State, Dicotyledones Vol. 1. Botanical Survey of India, Calcatta.
Singh, N. P., Lakshminarasimhan P., Karthikeyan, S. and Prasanna, P. V. 2001. Flora of Maharashtra State, Dicotyledones Vol. 2. Botanical Survey of India, Calcatta.
Vartak, V. D. 1980. Observations on wild edible plants from hilly regions of Maharashtra and Goa: resume and future prospects. In (S.K. Jain ed.) Glimpses of Indian Ethnobotany. Pp. 261-271.
Vartak, V. D. and Gadgil, M. 1980. Studies on ethnobotany – A new vista in botanical sciences. Biovigyanum, 6: 151-156.