REPRODUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF LOCAL SHEEP BREEDS IN THE SAHARAN REGION OF BÉCHAR IN ALGERIA
Keywords:free mating, local sheep breeds, non-seasonal, reproductive characteristics, Saharian region.
The objective of this study was to investigate the reproductive characteristics of local sheep breeds farming in a Saharian region of Algeria. The method used was a questionnaire to assess general information about sheep breeding for 65 local breeders, 12 of whom were following monthly over one year in order to determine some reproductive parameters including fertility, prolificacy, and lambs mortality. Our results revealed that the reproductive management was characterized by free mating, early age at first lambing, and non-seasonal distribution of lambing. For the reproductive parameters of the flocks monitored, the fertility, prolificacy, and lambs mortality were respectively: 91.69%, 110.51%, and 14.35%. These results allowed us to conclude that the local sheep breeds raised in the Saharian region of Béchar has a high reproductive potential, but the reproductive management of flocks is still relatively traditional and not well developed.
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