CONSEQUENCES OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON VARIOUS ECOSYSTEMS AND THEIR IMPACT ON WILDLIFE
Climate change and Its Impact
Keywords:Climate change, Protected areas and Ecosystems
Wildlife management among the multiple other concerns resulting from climate change will be challenging. Therefore, developing and communicating information on the value of wild species and ecosystems to human community will be an important strategy for conservation of wildlife from extinction due to the impact of climate change. Developing, managing and retaining an effective system of protected areas network (PAN) is a form of success. Changes in temperature and precipitation will affect individuals, species, ecosystems and whole regions. Individual variation and topographic differences will mean that, within any species, an individual plant or animal may be genetically predisposed to survive the stresses of dehydration, high winds or inundation for longer than another. Thus, at the micro-habitat level, each tiny location may see changes in species composition; these changes will have up and down the trophic levels and throughout the food-web, ultimately changing ecological communities at the landscape level. Predicting the consequences for humans and other species is essential if measures are to be taken in time, either to prevent these changes or adapt to them. Further research and careful monitoring is needed to ensure that adaptive management and creation of new other approaches for existing and newly emerging concepts to overcome climate change pressures on wildlife.
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