2. DIVERSITY OF BUTTERFLY IN SOUTH DISTRICT OF SIKKIM by 1JOHN BHUTIA AND 2BISHNU K SHARMA
Keywords:Butterfly, diversity, conservation, Papilionidae, Nymphalidae and Sikkim.
Butterflies are the most fascinating insects and valuable pollinator. They are good indicators of climatic conditions and ecological changes in the environment. The present study was carried out to document the butterfly diversity in South District of Sikkim. A total of 50 species of butterflies belonging to 40 genera and six families were recorded. Among the six families, Nymphalidae was the most dominant with 21 species, followed by Lycaenidae and Papilionidae comprising of 6 species each, Riodinidae with 5 species, Hesperiidae with 3 species and Pieridae with 3 species. Among these 50 species, three species were found to be protected under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, (1972). The present study added some valuable information on butterfly diversity of the study area.
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