DOUBLING FARMER’S INCOME- ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN EGG PRODUCTION by MANJARI PANDEY
Keywords:Farmer’s Income, Issue,s Challenges, Egg Production.
Poultry sector is one of the continuously and fastest growing sector in India. The growth in field of egg production is around 6%; in broiler production about 10% and the overall poultry population growth is 5%. Annual turnover from poultry section is round about Rs. 900 billion. Directly and indirectly this sector provides employment to over 6 million. The share of poultry sector in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is approximately 1% and 11.70% in the livestock GDP. According to the 19th Livestock census, 2012 total poultry population in India is 729.2 million showing an increase of 12.39% over the previous census. The share of broiler, layer, backyard poultry, duck and others in total poultry population is 38.7%, 29.4%, 29.8%, 0.68% and 1.43% respectively. Poultry sector in India can be broadly divided into two sub-sectors i.e. commercial sector (about 80% of the total market share) and backyard poultry (about 20% of the total market share). The annual per capita availability has increased from 7 eggs in 1961 to 69 eggs 2016-17 (BAH&FS, 2017). However, the present availability levels are still far below the ICMR recommendations of 180 eggs per capita per annum.
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