1.STUDY OF THE DECLINING POPULATION OF COMMON “HOUSE SPARROW” (PASSER DOMESTICS) IN URBAN AND SUB-URBAN AREAS OF INDIA by DIGVIJAY SINGH TEOTIA1, ANUJ YADAV2, VISHAL KUMAR2 AND AMIT KUMAR3
The common house sparrows are distributed all over India. The disappearance of sparrows has been widely reported in India. The various ornithologists and bird lovers fear that if appropriate conservation initiatives are not taken urgently, the sparrow may soon cease to exist and became extinct. The sparrow population in Andhra Pradesh alone had dropped by 80%. In other states like Kerala, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, it had dropped by 20%. The decline in coastal areas was about 70-80%. The reliable on sparrow populations is not available. No one is actually counting and keeping a record of the sparrows. The Indian sparrow popularly known as house sparrow (passer domestics) is widest spread species of sparrow family in India. The bird has lost prominence due to its vanishing numbers. The decline of sparrows is a warming signal to all of us. The spread of diseases due to decline in sparrow population is an alarming danger. The introduction of unleaded petrol, flow of electromagnetic waves from mobile towers, reducing areas of free growing weeds, competition for food by other species are possible reasons for this decline of sparrows. The Bird Life International, Royal Society for Protection of Birds (RSPB, Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) have taken plan for the protection of sparrows. This research papers attempts to explain the reasons of decline in the population of house sparrows in the last few years. It also includes the creation of awareness to develop ecosystem where sparrow can continue to co-exist in harmony.
KEY WORDS: Passer domestics, Ecosystems, Alarming danger, Disappearance,Population, Harmony.