ECOLOGICAL STUDY AT LITTLE RANN OF KUTCH (NEAR WILD ASS SANCTUARY) OF GUJARAT IN WESTERN INDIA

  • P.K. PILANIA AND N.S. PANCHAL* DEPARTMENT OF BIOSCIENCES, SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY, RAJKOT, (GUJARAT) INDIA. Corresponding author’s e-mail: nspanchal@live.com and dr_nilesh_panchal@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

Vegetation and soil in the vicinity of Wild Ass Sanctuary of Kutch district of Gujarat State in India was investigated.  This region is considered as a saline desert. Total twelve species were found of which five species of herbs, three species each of grasses and trees were found. Three species each belongs to Poaceae and two species belong to Chenopodiaceae. Contagious distribution pattern of plants was obtained. Total plant density for herbs was 2.313 plants m-2 and for trees and shrubs were 3.375 plants m-2 was found. Concentration of dominance and diversity indexes were almost similar for different sites. Among trees and shrubs Prosopis juliflora (Sw) DC was dominating with total density of 3.125 plants m-2, which is an exotic species. Suaeda fruticosa (Linn.) Forsk. was dominating with total density of 0.688 plants m-2 among herbs. Sodium (Na) and organic carbon (OC) was found to be maximum at site 3 (74.939 ppm and 0.401 %) while minimum at site 4. EC was maximum at site 3 (9.771 dSm-1) while minimum at site 1. Phosphorous (P) was found to be maximum at site 1 (38.607 kg ha-1) while minimum at site 4. Correlation was obtained for density with Na, EC and P were 0.250, 0.771 and -0.975. Na shows very poor positive correlation with density which indicates that some other salt type also affects density. This type of correlation might be due to adaptation and the vegetation is salt tolerated.

References

Anyamba, A. & Tucker, C.J. 2005. Analysis of Sahelian vegetation dynamics using NOAA-AHVRR NDVI data from 1981–2003. J. of Arid Environments. 63:596–614.
Bai, Z.G., Dent, D. L., Olsson, L., and Schaepman, M.E. 2008. Proxy global assessment of land degradation. Soil Use and Management. 24:223–234
Bernstein L. 1962. Salt affected soils and plants. In: Proceedings of the Paris Symposium, UNESCO (May 1960). Arid Zone Research 18: 139-174.
Brady, N. C. & Weil, R. R. 1996. The Nature and Properties of Soils. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Chase, T.N., Pielke, R.A., Kittel, T.G.F., Nemani, R.R., Running, S.W., 1999. Simulated impacts of historical land cover changes on global climate in northern winter. Climate Dynamics.16:93–105.
Curtis, J. T. & G. Cottam. 1956. Plant Ecology WorkBook. Laboratory Field Reference Manual.BurgessPublishing Co. Minnisota.
Curtis, J. T. & R. P. Mclntosh. 1950. The interrelations of certain analytic and synthetic phytosociological characters. Ecology 31: 434-455.
Curtis, J. T.1959. The Vegetation of Wisconsin, An Ordination of Plant Communities. University Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Dornhue, R. L., R. W. Miller & J. C. Shickluna. 1983. Soil : An Introduction to soils and plant Growth. Prentice- Hall, London.
Eswaran, H.; R. Lal and P.F. Reich. (2001). "Land degradation: an overview". New Delhi, India: Oxford Press. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
Feigin, A. 1985. Fertilization management of crops irrigated with saline water. Plant Soil 89: 285-299.
Fensholt, R., Sandholt, I., Rasmussen, M.S., Stison, S. & Diouf, A. 2006. Evaluation of satellite-based primary production modelling in the semi-arid Sahel. Remote Sensing of Environment. 105: 173– 188.
Garg, B. K, Vyas, S. P., Kathju, S., Lahiri, A. N, Mali & Sharma PC. 1993. Salinity-fertility interaction on growth, mineral composition and nitrogen metabolism of Indian mustard. Journal of Plant Nutrition 16: 1637-1650.
Garg, B. K. & Gupta, I. C. 1997. Saline Wastelands Environment and Plant Growth. Jodhpur: Scientific Publishers.
Hirpara, K. D., Ramoliya, P. J., Patel, A. D. & Pandey, A. N. 2005. Effect of salinisation of soil on growth and macro- and micro-nutrient accumulation in seedlings of Butea monosperma (Fabaceae). Anales de Biología 27: 3-14.
Houghton, R.A., Hackler, J.L., Lawrence, K.T., 1999. The U.S. carbon budget:contributi on from land-use change. Science. 285:574–578.
Jackson, E. A., G Blackburn, G. And Clarke, A. R. P. 1956. Seasonal changes in soil salinity at Trintinara, South Australia. Aust J Agric Res 7:20–24.
Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil chemical Analysis, prentice – Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi. Pp. 38-56.
Johnson, D.L., S.H. Ambrose, T.J. Bassett, M.L. and A.E. Winter-Nelson. 1997. Meanings of environmental terms. Journal of Environmental Quality 26: 581-589.
Kasperson, J.X., Kasperson, R.E., Turner, B.L. II (Eds.), 1995. Regions at Risk:Compariso ns of Threatened Environments. United Nations Univ. Press, Tokyo.
Kershaw, K. A. (1973). Quantitative and Dynamic Plant Ecology, London: Edward Arnold Ltd.
Lindsay, R. C. and Norvell, W. A. (1978). Development of DTPA soil test for Zinc, Manganese and Copper. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 42:421-428.
Margalef, R. (1958). Perspective in ecological theory. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Mer RK, Prajith PK, Pandya DH & Pandey AN. 2000. Effect of salts on germination of seeds and growth of young plants of Hordeum vulgare, Triticum aestivum, Cicer arietinum and Brassica juncea. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 185: 209-217.
Misra, R. 1968.Ecology workbook. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, Amsterdam.
Mohammed, S., Kasera, P. K. and Sen, D. N. 1998. Soil characteristics of inland salines in Indian desert. Geophytology 27:103–106.
Nemani, R.R., Keeling, C.D., Hashimoto, H., Jolly, W.M., Piper, S.C., Tucker, C.J., Myneni, R.B. & Running, S.W. 2003. Climatedriven increases in global terrestrial net primary production from 1982 to 1999. Science. 300:1560–1563.
Olsen, S.R.; Cole, C.V.; Watanabe, F.S. and Dean, L.A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. US Dept. Agric. Circ.939.
Olsson, L., Eklundh, L. & Ardo¨ , J. 2005. A recent greening of the Sahel – trends, patterns and potential causes. J. of Arid Environments. 63:556–566.
Phillips, E.A. 1959. Methods of Vegetation Study.AHolt-Dryden Book.Henry Holt & Co.
Pilania, P. K. & N.S. Panchal. 2013a. Soil analysis at Little Rann of Kachchh in Maliya Tehsil of Morbi district of Saurashtra region of Gujarat state in India. Life Sciences Leaflets 12:30-41
Pilania, P. K. & N.S. Panchal. 2013b. Vegetation analysis at Little Rann of Kachchh in Mallya Tehsil of Gujarat state in India. Journal of Basic and Applied Biology 7:6-10
Ramoliya PJ, Patel HM &Pandey AN. 2004. Effect of salinization of soil on growth and macro –and micro–nutrient accumulation in seedlings of Acacia catechu (Mimosaceae). Annals of Applied Biology 144: 321-332.
Sala, O.E., Chapin, F.S., Armesto, J.J., Berlow, E., Bloomfield, J., Dirzo, R., Huber-Sanwald, E., Huenneke, L.F., Jackson, R.B., Kinzig, A., Leemans, R., Lodge, D.M., Mooney, H.A., Oesterheld, M., Poff, N.L., Sykes, M.T., Walker, B.H., Walker, M., Wall, D.H., 2000. Biodiversity: global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science. 287:1770–1774.
Seaquist, J.W., Olsson, L. & Ardo¨ , J. 2003. A remote sensing-based primary production model from grassland biomes. Ecological Modelling. 169:131–155.
Shannon, C.E. & W. Wiener. 1963. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Urbana University, Illinois Press.
Simpson, E.H. 1949. Measurement of diversity.Nature163: 688.
Tolba, M.K., El-Kholy, O.A. (Eds.), 1992. The World Environment 1972–1992:Two Decades of Challenge. Chapman & Hall, London.
UNCED 1992 Managing fragile ecosystems: combating desertification and drought Agenda 21, Chapter 12 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development http://wwwunorg/esa/sustdev/documents/agenda21. Accessed August 5, 2005
UNEP 2007 Global Environmental Outlook GEO-4, UN Environment Programme, Nairobi
Vitousek, P.M., Mooney, H.A., Lubchenco, J., Melillo, J.M., 1997. Human domination of earth’s ecosystems. Science. 277:494–499.
Published
2014-08-01
How to Cite
N.S. PANCHAL*, P.K. PILANIA AND. ECOLOGICAL STUDY AT LITTLE RANN OF KUTCH (NEAR WILD ASS SANCTUARY) OF GUJARAT IN WESTERN INDIA. LIFE SCIENCES LEAFLETS, [S.l.], v. 54, aug. 2014. ISSN 0976-1098. Available at: <http://petsd.org/ojs/index.php/lifesciencesleaflets/article/view/127>. Date accessed: 21 aug. 2017.

Keywords

Vegetation, Soil, Little Rann of Kutch, Distribution pattern