2. COMPOSTING OF POULTRY FARM WASTE-A REVIEW by I.A. BABA1, M.T, BANDAY1, H.M. KHAN, A.A, KHAN3, S. ADIL1 AND N. NISSA4
The farm wastes generated in poultry production is: litter (mixture of droppings and bedding material), manure resulting from laying hen (cage rearing) and dead birds. The amount of waste generated depends largely on the weight of the rearing bird and the type of farm operation. Around 1000 kg live weight broilers produce about 17.1-17.4 kg of manure on dry weight basis and laying hen produce 13.4 kg of manure per day on dry weight basis (Edwards and Daniel, 1992). Overcash et al. (1983) reported that fresh manure production per 1000 kg live weight for broiler is 87 kg and for laying hens is 73 kg. Fresh manure produced per 1000 kg live animal mass per day for different classes of animals were 64 kg, 85 kg and 86 kg for layers, broilers and dairy cattle, respectively (ASAE, 2003). A flock size of 50,000 broilers reared up to 49 days of age with an average daily mortality of 0.1 per cent (4.9 per cent total mortality), produced approximately 2.2 tons of carcass (Blake, 2004).
How to Cite
Authors retain all their rights to the published works, such as (but not limited to) the following rights;
- Copyright and other proprietary rights relating to the article, such as patent rights,
- The right to use the substance of the article in own future works, including lectures and books,
- The right to reproduce the article for own purposes,
- The right to self-archive the article
- The right to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the article's published version (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal (LSL).