5. B- MODE ULTRASONOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF SPLEEN IN GOATS (CAPRA HIRCUS) by SHYAM MANOHAR1; DHARMENDRA KUMAR1; D. V. PARMAR; A. J. PATEL1; P. V. PARIKH2 AND D. B. PATIL3
The present study was conducted to establish ultrasonographic features of spleen using two dimensional B-mode and real-time ultrasound scanner (e saote My Lab 40 VET) in ten healthy Surti goats with convex (2.5-7.5 MHz, Group I) and linear (7.5-18 MHz Group II) transducer. The intercostal spaces of the left thoracic wall were scanned with a convex (2.5-7.5 MHz, Group I) and linear (7.5-18 MHz Group II) transducer in standing goats. The appearance of the splenic parenchyma, the position of the ultrasonographically visible dorsal and ventral margins of spleen and the distance between them, and the diameter of the splenic vessels were determined. Spleen always lay between the rumen and abdominal wall. Spleen had an echogenic capsule, and its parenchyma showed a homogenous fine echotexture / echo pattern throughout the whole visible part of spleen. The splenic vessels were seen within the parenchyma. The visible dorsal margin of spleen ran from cranioventral to caudodorsal. The distance from the dorsal margin of spleen to the midline of the back was greatest in the 8th intercostal space (18.6 ± 3.8 cm) and smallest at 12th intercostal space (7.2 ± 1.2cm). The size of spleen was smallest at the 8th intercostal space (3.0 ± 1.20 cm) and largest at the 11th intercostal space (9.0 ± 2.0 cm).
KEY WORDS: Spleen, Ultrasonographic, Intercostal Space, Diaphragm and rumen