10. A REVIEW ON DISTRIBUTION OF BAMBOOS by 1DIWAKAR PRASAD NIRALA, 2NIRBHAY AMBASTA AND 3PHALLO KUMARI
The main aim of this review paper is to find out the distribution of different bamboo species in different area of the world. There are approximately 1500 species under 87 genera of bamboo are found in all over the world. About 14 million hectares of the earth surface is covered by bamboo forest, 80% in Asia. Bamboos are available in all continents except Europe. The distribution of bamboo extends from 510N latitude in Sakhalin island of Japan to 470S in Sourth Argentina. India is the rich source of genetic diversity of bamboo with 136 species of bamboo in 23 genera spread (natural & planted) over an around 11.4 million ha in 28 states and union territories, which constitute 16.7 percent of total forest area in the country. India is the second richest country in term of bamboo genetic resources after China. In Asia, China contains more than 500 species followed by India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Malaysia, each with more than a hundred species. Asian countries, about 84 species are found in Japan, 90 in Myanmar (Barma), 55 in Philippines, 50 in Thailand, 44 in Malaysia, 31 in Indonesia, 30 in Nepal and 30 in Srilanka. There are 33 species under 9 genera of bamboo species have been recorded in Bangladesh. America is another country which is rich region with 429 species and 20 genera. Ethiopia is the only country of Africa that have comparatively richer in bamboo resources and 67 % of African bamboo resources are found in this country.
KEY WORD: Bamboo, Species, Resources, Distribution, Diversity.