5. BREEDING PRACTICES OF DAIRY ANIMALS IN THE TRIBAL AREA OF SABARKANTHA by Y. M. GAMI, K. J. ANKUYA AND J. J. MISTRY
The study was conducted purposively in Sabarkantha district to ascertain the breeding practices followed by tribal dairy animal owners. A field survey was conducted during December, 2015 to April, 2016. Two talukas from Sabarkantha district were selected which have majority of tribal population engaged with animal husbandry for their livelihood. Five villages from each taluka were selected randomly and from each village twenty respondents were randomly selected. Total 200 dairy animal owners were interviewed personaly with the help of questionnaires prepared. The present study revealed that 100 % respondents depend on behavioral signs for heat detection and 80% respondents revels heat on the basis of mucous discharge and bellowing. After confirming heat symptoms, 77% farmers use natural service for breeding their animals by local available bull. The pregnancy diagnosis practice was followed by 26% farmers only and 65% respondents go for veterinary service for the treatment of animals suffering from gynaecological problems. Only 10% respondents keep records related to breeding management practices.
KEY WORD: Breeding, Dairy animals, Sabarkantha, Tribal.