3. MURRAYA KOENIGII (L)-A MULTIPOTENTIAL MEDICINAL PLANTS by VINEETA, T. DEY AND U. LEPCHA
Murraya koenigii (L) Spreng. is an tropical and subtropical tree commonly known as curry leaf or curry neem is an important Indian culinary medicinal plant with high aroma belonging to the family Rutaceae. It represents more than 150 genera and 1600 species (Jain et al., 2012). It is more or less deciduous shrub or small tree upto a height of 6 meters in Himalayan region and 15-40 cm in diameter. The main stem is dark green to brownish in colour with numerous dots on it; its bark can be peeled off longitudinally, exposing the white wood underneath. Leaves are alternate, exstipulate, bipinnately compound, 30 cm long, each bearing 24 leaflets, having reticulate venation. Flowers, bisexual, white, funnel-shaped, sweetly scented, stalked the average diameter of a fully opened flower being 1.12 cm. Fully ripe fruits are black in colour which is round to oblong, 1.4 to 1.6 cm long, 1 to 1.2 cm in diameter; weight, 880 mg; volume, 895 micro litres. The individual seed is 11 mm long, 8 mm in diameter (Singh et al., 2014).