TRADITIONAL WISDOM WITH THE FOREST DWELLERS OF GUJARAT STATE FOR PLANT BASED FISH CATCH

  • M. J. PARMAR*1, A. R. BADHEKA1 AND B. K. JAIN2 1. DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY, UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF SCIENCES, GUJARAT UNIVERSITY, AHMEDABAD - 380009. 2. M G SCIENCE INSTITUTE, AHMEDABAD. Corresponding author’s e-mail:
Keywords: Fish toxicant, Forest dweller, Traditional wisdom.

Abstract

The paper deals with the traditional wisdom of the forest dwellers on plant based fish catch. Scientific names, local names, family, plant parts used and modes of administration of 17 plant species used as fish toxicants have been discussed in the present paper. The data presented here are outcome of various field excursions made during past twenty months.

References

Backer, C.A., 1951. Pontederiaceae. In Van Steenis (ed.): Flora Malasiana Ser. 1, 4. Part-3, Leiden, Netherlands. pp: 203-206.
Baranda, B. S. 2007 Tribals of Gujarat, Adivasi Sanshodhan ane Talim Kendra, Gujarat Vidhyapith, Ahmadabad.
Cooke, T. 1958. Flora of Presidency of Bombay, Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata.
Dutta, R. and Bhattacharjya, B. K. 2008. An indigenous community fishing practice of Tirap district, Arunachal Pradesh. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 7(4): 624-626.
Gurumayum, S. D. and Choudhury, M. 2009. Fishing methods in the rivers of Northeast India. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 8(2): 237-241.
Heda, N. K. and Kulkarni, K. M. 2009. Fish stupefying plants used by the Gond tribal of Mendha village of Central India. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 8(4): 531-534.
Hooker, J.D., 1877. Flora of British India. Vols.1-7. L. Reeve and Co. Ltd. London, U.K.
Huq, A.M., 1986. Name Changes in Bangladesh Angiosperms. Bangladesh National Herbarium, BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Joshi, A. R. and Joshi, K. 2006. Piscicidal Plants of Nepal: Checklist, Ethnobotanical Uses and Indigenous Practices. Ethnobotanical Leaflets, 10: 342-349.
Kalita, B., Dutta, A. and Choudhary, M. 2005. Fish attractant: An indigenous device to prevent escapement of fishes. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 4(1): 91-93.
Kalita, B., Dutta, A. and Choudhary, M. 2007. Herbal fish toxicants used by fishers of Karbi-Anglong district, Assam. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 6(2): 334-336.
Kalita, B., Dutta, A., Bhagabati, S. K. and Sharma, A. 2010 Indigenous technical knowlwdge for fish harvesting in Karbi - Anglong district of Assam. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 9(2): 252-255.
Katewa, S. S., Galav, P. K., Nag, A. and Jain, A. 2008. Poisonous plants of the southern Aravalli hills of Rajasthan. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 7(2): 269-272 .
Khan, M.S. and M. Halim., 1987. Aquatic Angiosperms of Bangladesh. Bangladesh National Herbarium, BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Kirtikar, K.R. and B.D. Basu., 1987. Indian Medicinal Plants. Vols.1-4. Lalit Mohan Basu, Allahbad, Jayyd Press, New Delhi, India.
Murthy, E. N., Pattaniak, C., Reddy, C. S. and Raju, V. S. 2010. Piscicidal plants used by Gond tribe of Kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh, India. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 1(1): 97-101.
Neelima, M., Prasad, G. P., Sudarsanam, G., Pratap, G. P. and Jyoti, B. 2011. Ethnobotanical studies in Rapur Forest Division of Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh. Life sciences Leaflets 11: 335-345.
Negi, K. S. and Kanwal, K. S. 2009. Plants used as fish toxins in Garhwal region of Uttarakhand Himalaya. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 8(4): 535-538.
Obidah, W., Nadro, M. S., Tiyafo, G. O. and Wurochekke, A. U. 2009. Toxicity of Crude Balanites aegyptiaca Seed Oil in Rats. Journal of American Science 5(6): 13-16.
Patil, M. V., Pawar, S. and Patil, D. A. 2006. Ethnobotany of Butea monosperma (Lam) Kuntze in North Maharashtra, India. Natural Product Radiance, 5(4): 323-325.
Sambamurty, A.V.S.S., 2005. Taxonomy of Angiosperms. I.K. International Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 110016, India.
Shah, G. L. 1978. Flora of Gujarat State. Sarda Patel University, Vallabh Vidhyanagar.
Sharma, O.P., 2004. Plant Taxonomy. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited. New Delhi, India.
Singh, N. K., Mishra, A. K., Gupta, J. K. and Jayalakshmi, S. 2010. Randia spinosa (Poir): Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology - A Review. International J of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research 4: 127-131.
Tag, H., Das, A. K. and Kalita, P. 2005. Plants used by the Hill Miri tribe of Arunachal Pradesh in ethnofisheries. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 4(1): 57-64.
Tynsong, H. and Tiwari, B. K. 2008. Traditional knowledge associated with fish harvesting practices of War Khasi community of Meghalaya. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 7(4): 618-623.