PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF SELECTED SEAWEEDS FROM OKHA COAST, GUJARAT, INDIA

  • NIRMAL KUMAR, J. I.*, MEGHA BAROT AND RITA N. KUMAR P.G. DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR ADVANCED STUDIES AND RESEARCH, VALLABH VIDYA NAGAR- 388 120, GUJARAT, INDIA. Corresponding author’s e-mail: istares2005@yahoo.com
Keywords: Antifungal activity, Biochemical compounds, Marine seaweeds, Okha coast, Gujarat.

Abstract

The study deals with the assessment of the chemical composition of carbohydrate, protein, phenol, flavanoid, chlorophyll, and carotenoid and antifungal activity from various marine seaweeds collected from Okha coast, Gujarat during September, 2013. The carbohydrate content was highest in Cystoseira  indica Mairh; protein in Gracillaria corticata J.Agardh; phenol content  in Padina boergesenii; flavanoid content found greater in C. Indica; chlorophyll content in Monostroma latissimum Wittrock; carotenoid content was more in Dictyopteris acrostichoides Bornet. Antifungal activity of these species belongs to red, green, and brown seaweeds was explored and extracted in acetone, ethanol and chloroform. The highest inhibiting effect was noted for Sargassum tenerrimum J.G. Agardh and Turbinaria ornate J. Agardh belong to brown algae, against Aspergillus niger and Penicillium janthinellum in chloroform extracts and ethanolic extract which are causing opportunistic infection of HIV-infected person, lung disease, aspergillosis, and otomycosis (fungal ear infections).

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